Differential Rotation Is When A Planet’S Equator And Polar Regions Rotate At Different Rates.

Differential Rotation Is When A Planet’s Equator And Polar Regions Rotate At Different Rates.?

Differential rotation is when a planet’s equator and polar regions rotate at different rates. Jupiter has twice the mass of all other planets combined. The equator of Jupiter rotates slower than the Great Red spot.

How do observations of a planet’s magnetosphere allow astronomers to measure the rotation rate of the Interior?

Why do observations of a planet’s magnetosphere allow astronomers to measure the rotation rate of the interior? The magnetic field is generated by the motion of electrically conducting liquid in the deep interior and therefore presumably shares the rotation of that region of the planet.

How does Jupiter exhibit differential rotation?

The equatorial zones rotate in less time than than the higher latitudes. How does Jupiter exhibit differential rotation? The brighter high-pressure regions that bring material up to the surface from deeper within the atmosphere.

What is interesting about Jupiter’s rotation period?

What is interesting about Jupiter’s rotation period? It is the fastest in the solar system.

When comparing the densities of the Galilean moons The farther from Jupiter the greater their density?

When comparing the densities of the Galilean moons the farther from Jupiter the greater their density. All four of the Galilean moons have substantial amounts of liquid water under a surface layer of ice. Some of Jupiter’s smaller outer moons have retrograde orbits indicating capture occurred.

Why magnetosphere of the Earth is a result of rotation?

It means the generation of a magnetic field due to rotating current. This electric current is a result of the spiral eddies generated due to earth’s rotation and vertical currents formed due to the temperature difference between the outer core and inner core.

How do the rotation periods of the giant planets compare with the rotation periods of the terrestrial planets?

The periods of their rotation of gas giants are shorter when compared to the Earth and other terrestrial planets. However the periods of the revolution of gas giants are significantly longer since they are situated farther from the sun.

What causes differential rotation Jupiter?

This is quite a feat when you consider that Jupiter is also the largest planet in the Solar System it’s turning a lot of mass very quickly. The rapid rotation causes the planet’s equator to bulge out. … Jupiter is a ball of gas and so it actually experiences differential rotation.

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What is it called when an object have different rotation rates for different latitudes?

Differential rotation is seen when different parts of a rotating object move with different angular velocities (rates of rotation) at different latitudes and/or depths of the body and/or in time. This indicates that the object is not solid.

Why does differential rotation occur?

Differential rotation is caused by convection in stars. … This mass carries a portion of the star’s angular momentum thus redistributing the angular velocity possibly even far enough for the star to loose angular velocity in stellar winds. Differential rotation depends on temperature differences in adjacent regions.

Which planet rotates the fastest?


Jupiter is the fastest spinning planet in our Solar System rotating on average once in just under 10 hours. That is very fast especially considering how large Jupiter is. This means that Jupiter has the shortest days of all the planets in the Solar System.

What does differential rotation mean in reference to Jupiter?

What does differential rotation mean in reference to Jupiter? Jupiter it mostly a gas so different parts rotate at different speeds. What gases make up most of Jupiter’s atmosphere? Hydrogen and Helium.

How is Jupiter’s rotation different from Earth’s rotation?

Earth rotates once in 24 hours whereas Jupiter rotates more quickly taking only about 10 hours. … This means that Jupiter rotates about 2 1/2 times faster than the Earth.

Why are Jupiter’s Galilean moons geologically active?

Io is in a gravitational tug-of-war with Ganymede and Europa that drives the tides that make these moons so geologically active. … The heat needed to melt the ice in a place so far from the Sun is thought to come from inside Europa resulting primarily from the same tidal tug-of-war that drives Io’s volcanoes.

Which of the Galilean moons is densest and most geologically active?

With over 400 active volcanoes Io is the most geologically active object in the Solar System. This extreme geologic activity is the result of tidal heating from friction generated within Io’s interior as it is pulled between Jupiter and the other Galilean moons—Europa Ganymede and Callisto.

Which of the Galilean moons of Jupiter’s appears to have current tectonic activity?

Key Concepts and Summary. Jupiter’s largest moons are Ganymede and Callisto both low-density objects that are composed of more than half water ice. Callisto has an ancient cratered surface while Ganymede shows evidence of extensive tectonic and volcanic activity persisting until perhaps a billion years ago.

What is the direction of magnetic field at the equator?

It is straight down at the North Magnetic Pole and rotates upwards as the latitude decreases until it is horizontal (0°) at the magnetic equator. It continues to rotate upwards until it is straight up at the South Magnetic Pole. Inclination can be measured with a dip circle.

What is the result of the rotation of the Earth?

As Earth rotates on its axis the different locations on Earth change position in relation to the Sun. A city on Earth that faces toward the Sun at noon will rotate to face away from the Sun 12 hours later. The positions of Earth and the Sun over the course of a 24-hour rotation cause sunrise sunset day and night.

Which of the following is a result of rotation?

Rotation causes the day-night cycle which also creates a corresponding cycle of temperature and humidity creates a corresponding cycle of temperature and humidity. Sea level rises and falls twice a day as the earth rotates.

How does the periods of rotation and revolution for the gas giant planets differ from those in Earth?

How do the periods of rotation and revolution for the gas giant planets differ from those of Earth? Gas giants rotate faster than those of Earth. … The further the planet is from the sun the cooler it gets.

Why do planets have different periods of rotation and revolution?

Each planet takes a different amount of time to travel around the sun. This is called the planet’s period of revolution. The closer a planet is to the sun the shorter its period of revolution. The farther away a planet is from the sun the longer its period of revolution.

How does the rotation of the gas giant planet compare to the rotation of Earth?

The gas giants have atmospheres that are mostly hydrogen and helium. All four planets rotate relatively rapidly – while Earth spins once on its axis every 24 hours Saturn spins once every 10 hours. … All four gas giants have rings and moons.

Do planets have differential rotation?

From these images we can see the surfaces of the planets (not really a solid surface at all just cloud tops). … Because they have no solid surface they all experience differential rotation (the equators rotate more rapidly than the poles).

What is differential rotation astronomy?

In a rotating solid body regions that are adjacent at one point in time will remain adjacent as the body rotates. This means that points further from the rotation centre will travel at greater speeds than those closer in. This is known as ‘differential rotation’. …

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What is differential rotation quizlet?

Differential rotation. The tendency for a gaseous sphere such as a jovian planet of the Sun to rotate at a different rate at the equator than at the poles.

What is differential rotation for the Sun and how does it affect the motion of sunspots on its surface?

Over time the Sun’s differential rotation rates cause its magnetic field to become twisted and tangled. The “tangles” in the magnetic field lines can produce very very strong localized magnetic fields. Places where “ropes” of bundled field lines “break” the surface of the Sun are active regions where sunspots form.

What is the Sun’s rotation called?

Sidereal rotation
Sidereal rotation. At the equator the solar rotation period is 24.47 days. This is called the sidereal rotation period and should not be confused with the synodic rotation period of 26.24 days which is the time for a fixed feature on the Sun to rotate to the same apparent position as viewed from Earth.

What is a result of the moon’s rotation?

Why do different parts of the Sun rotate at different rates?

The sun is different because it does not all rotate at the same time. Since it is composed of gas and plasma the gasses and plasma rotate at different speeds depending on where they are located on the sun. … That means the sun’s poles take 11 more days to rotate around the sun’s axis than its equator.

How is the Sun’s rotation different from how the earth rotates?

For the -10 latitude active region days 27-30 the spot has traveled 4/36 (1/9) of the distance around the sun in 3 days. Therefore its projected time of rotation at -10 latitude is 9×3 = 27 days.

Why does the Sun rotate faster at its equator?

There the outer parts of the radiative interior which rotates at one speed meet the overlying convection zone which spins faster in its equatorial middle. Scientists suspect that the forces generated by the two zones moving against each other may create the Sun’s magnetic field.

What is the slowest rotating planet?


Venus is the slowest revolving planet in our solar system rotating once every 243 days making… | boehringer-ingelheim.com.

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Which is the second fastest rotating planet?

Jupiter’s Speed in Comparison to Other Planets The second fastest spinning planet is Saturn which is also a gaseous planet and it spins at a speed of 22 000 miles per hour while the third fastest planet is Uranus with a speed of 9 192.5 miles per hour.May 22 2018

Which planet rotates slowest on axis?


What is the Slowest Planet. Venus which is floating higher each evening in twilight low in the west is the slowest-spinning body in the known universe. If you walked along a bike path that circles its equator you’d only need to go four miles an hour to keep night from ever falling on Venus.

Astronomy – The Sun (7 of 16) Differential Rotation

What is global circulation? | Part One | Differential heating

What is global circulation? | Part Two | The three cells

What is global circulation? | Part Three | The Coriolis effect & winds

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