How Are Chloroplasts And Mitochondria Different From The Other Organelles

How Are Chloroplasts And Mitochondria Different From The Other Organelles?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell. However chloroplast is absent in an animal but mitochondria is found in both. Mitochondria generates energy for the cell in the form of ATP using oxygen and nutrients. Chloroplast is the site for photosynthesis in a plant cell.

How is chloroplasts and mitochondria different from other cell organelles?

Mitochondria are present in the cells of all types of aerobic organisms like plants and animals whereas Chloroplast is present in green plants and some algae protists like Euglena. The inner membrane of mitochondria is folded into cristae while that of a chloroplast rises into flattened sacs called as thylakoids.

What makes mitochondria different from other organelles?

Mitochondria are unlike other cellular organelles in that they have two distinct membranes and a unique genome and reproduce by binary fission these features indicate that mitochondria share an evolutionary past with prokaryotes (single-celled organisms).

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What are the main differences between the chloroplast and the mitochondria?

Mitochondria are the “powerhouses” of the cell breaking down fuel molecules and capturing energy in cellular respiration. Chloroplasts are found in plants and algae. They’re responsible for capturing light energy to make sugars in photosynthesis.

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet?

In mitochondria ATP is produced as a result of oxidation and foodstuffs and is used as an energy source for metabolic processes. In chloroplasts ATP is produced as a result of harvesting energy from light. In chloroplasts the ATP is used in the fixation of CO2 into sugars.

What is the difference between chloroplast and chlorophyll?

Distinction Between Chlorophyll and Chloroplast

Chlorophyll refers to a pigment responsible for the green colour in plants. Chloroplasts are organelles within a plant cell acting as the site for photosynthesis. … Chlorophyll is present in all algae green plants and cyanobacteria.

Why do plants need both chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Plant cells need both chloroplasts and mitochondria because they perform both photosynthesis and cell respiration. Chloroplast converts light (solar) energy into chemical energy during photosynthesis while mitochondria the powerhouse of the cell produces ATP- the energy currency of the cell during respiration.

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports?

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports the endosymbiotic theory? Both contain DNA molecules. Organelles such as mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum have membranes that compartmentalize reactions and other metabolic processes.

What is the function of the chloroplasts?

Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so they sustain life on Earth.

How do mitochondria and chloroplasts differ in providing energy for the cell?

Chloroplast has two chambers thylakoid and stroma. Mitochondria consume oxygen to provide energy to the cells. They release energy by breaking down organic material and produce carbon dioxide and water. Chloroplasts release oxygen.

Which is not common between chloroplast and mitochondria?

Mitochondria help in the production of energy in eukaryotic cells. Complete solution: The above option which is not common in chloroplasts and mitochondria is that both are present in animal cells.As everyone knows that chloroplast helps in photosynthesis and photosynthesis always takes place in the plant cells only.

What are three similarities between chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Similarities between mitochondria and chloroplast:
  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both are bounded by double membrane envelope.
  • Both mitochondria and chloroplast are semi autonomous organelles.
  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own genome (DNA)i.e genetic material.

What is the difference between mitochondria and mitochondria?

The only difference between mitochondria and mitochondrion is that mitochondrion is singular and mitochondria is the plural form of the word.

How are the functions of chloroplasts and mitochondria similar quizlet?

Terms in this set (9) describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

Which of the following are similarities between mitochondria and chloroplast quizlet?

What similarities do the mitochondria and chloroplasts share? Both membrane bound organelles have their own DNA and help make energy available to the cell.

What is the difference between chlorophyll and chloroplast quizlet?

– Chlorophyll is a light-absorbing plant molecule while chloroplasts are plant organelles.

What is difference between photosynthesis and respiration?

Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and glucose. … Cellular respiration converts oxygen and glucose into water and carbon dioxide. Water and carbon dioxide are by- products and ATP is energy that is transformed from the process.

How are chloroplast and chlorophyll related to each other?

Chlorophyll the primary pigment used in photosynthesis reflects green light and absorbs red and blue light most strongly. In plants photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts which contain the chlorophyll.

Why do chloroplasts have similarities to mitochondria and need each other even though they function differently in plants?

Explanation: Chloroplasts are present in photosynthetic plants and is responsible for making the food of the plant. … It is important to note that plants need both chloroplasts and mitochondria because without one organelle say the mitochondria the entire cell would be unable to carry out its life activities.

How do the mitochondria and chloroplast work with each other?

-Chloroplasts convert the sunlight (absorbed by the chlorophyll) into food and then mitochondria make/produce energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

How do mitochondria and chloroplast work together in plants to sustain life which organelle would a plant have more of why?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive? Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

Which is a characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplast that supports the Endosymbiotic theory?

The endosymbiotic theory states that some of the organelles in eukaryotic cells were once prokaryotic microbes. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA which is circular not linear.

What are three properties of mitochondria and chloroplasts that support the Endosymbiotic theory?

Numerous lines of evidence exist including that mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own circular DNA (prokaryotes also have circular DNA) mitochondria and chloroplasts have a double membrane (the inner membrane would have initially been the ingested prokaryote’s single membrane and the outer membrane initially …

What features of mitochondria are similar to bacteria quizlet?

Terms in this set (77)
  • Mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to bacteria in size and in structure.
  • Both organelles are bounded by a double membrane—the outer membrane may be derived from the engulfing vesicle and the inner one may be derived from the plasma membrane of the original prokaryote.

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What does a mitochondria do?

Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Why chloroplast is the most important organelle?

Chloroplasts play an important part in the process of photosynthesis in some organisms. The chloroplast absorbs the energy in sunlight and uses it to produce sugars. Chloroplasts play an important part in the process of photosynthesis in some organisms.

Are organelles?

Organelles are specialized structures that perform various jobs inside cells. The term literally means “little organs.” In the same way organs such as the heart liver stomach and kidneys serve specific functions to keep an organism alive organelles serve specific functions to keep a cell alive.

What are two common characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments. In both organelles the innermost membranes – cristae or infoldings of the inner membrane … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation mitochondria in cellular respiration & chloroplasts in photosynthesis.

Is mitochondria and chloroplast are semi autonomous organelles?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are semiautonomous organelles. … They are formed by division of preexisting organelles as well as contain DNA but lack protein-synthesizing machinery.

When comparing organelles What is different about the mitochondria and chloroplasts that make them unique from the other organelles of the eukaryotic cell?

The major difference between chloroplasts and mitochondria in terms of both structure and function is the thylakoid membrane. This membrane is of central importance in chloroplasts where it fills the role of the inner mitochondrial membrane in electron transport and the chemiosmotic generation of ATP (Figure 10.14).

What is the function of chloroplast and chlorophyll?

The most important function of the chloroplast is to synthesize food by the process of photosynthesis. Absorbs light energy and converts it into chemical energy. Chloroplast has a structure called chlorophyll which functions by trapping the solar energy and is used for the synthesis of food in all green plants.

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What are the two main functions of the chloroplasts?

The main role of chloroplasts is to conduct photosynthesis. They also carry out functions like fatty acid and amino acid synthesis.

What are the differences between the light-dependent and the light-independent?

In the light-dependent reactions energy from sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll and that energy is converted into stored chemical energy. In the light-independent reactions the chemical energy harvested during the light-dependent reactions drives the assembly of sugar molecules from carbon dioxide.

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