How Did The Andes Mountains Affected Settlement In South America


How Did The Andes Mountains Affected Settlement In South America?

How did the Andres Mountains affect settlement along the western coast of South America? All along the the west and south coasts of South America the Andes are a barrier to movement in interior. As a result more settlement in South America has occurred along the eastern and northern coasts.

What are the effects of the Andes Mountains?

The Andes play a vital part in national economies accounting for a significant proportion of the region’s GDP providing large agricultural areas mineral resources and water for agriculture hydroelectricity (Figure 1) domestic use and some of the largest business centres in South America.

How did the Andes Mountains in South America form?

The Andes were formed by tectonic activity whereby Earth is uplifted as one plate (oceanic crust) subducts under another plate (continental crust). To get such a high mountain chain in a subduction zone setting is unusual which adds to the importance of trying to figure out when and how it happened.

Who settled in the Andes Mountains?

ABSTRACT The Andes initially settled by hunter-gatherers witnessed the autonomous development of agriculture pastora and political centralization which culminated in the Inca Empire. This was quickly and radically changed by the Spanish Con in 1532 and the subsequent development of a colonial mining economy.

What made living in the Andes mountains difficult?

Scarce oxygen cold temperatures and intense ultraviolet radiation make the Andes a tough place to live.

How does the Andes mountain effect the climate of South America?

Because the Andes act as a large wall between the Pacific Ocean and the continent they have a tremendous impact on climate in the region. The northern part of the Andes is typically rainy and warm and the weather is also wet in the eastern part of central Andes and the area to the southwest.

How do the Andes affect the climate of South America?

The Andes have a direct mechanical influence on the climatology of South America by forcing orographic precipitation along the eastern flanks of the Andes and blocking westerly flow from the Pacific. … The Andes also influence convection over the Amazon basin.

How have the Andes Mountains changed over time?

It’s been understood that the Andes mountain range has been growing as the Nazca oceanic plate slips underneath the South American continental plate causing the Earth’s crust to shorten (by folding and faulting) and thicken.

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Where are Andes Mountains in South America?

Where are the Andes Mountains? The Andes Mountains line the western edge of South America from Venezuela all the way along Chile to South America’s southern tip crossing through Ecuador Peru and Bolivia.

What are some interesting facts about the Andes Mountains?

The Andes are the world’s highest mountain range outside of Asia. The average height of Andes Mountains is approximately 4 000 meters (13 000 feet). The highest elevation in the Andes is Mount Aconcagua in Argentina which is 6 961 meters (22 838 feet) above sea level. It is the highest mountain outside Asia.

Why did people settle in mountains?

People have lived in mountain regions for thousands of years. Some may have sought refuge from persecution or from changing climate while others may have migrated in search of food. The new arrivals settled and developed prosperous farming communities.

What civilization lived in the Andes Mountains?

Peru. Chavín was one of the earliest civilizations in the Andes in the north-central highlands of Peru. Origins of the great architectural complex at Chavín de Huántar date as early as 1 200 BCE. Located at an elevation of 3 150 metres (10 330 feet) the site comprises plazas public buildings and domestic structures.

Why did the Incas settle in the Andes Mountains?

The Incas have many Gods. One of the many gods is the sun god. There are three other gods to the Inca and there are the moon gold and silver. … Why I think the Inca live because in the Andes Mountains because the rich soil and the escape from other tribe.

What is life like in the Andes?

In the Andes it is pretty hard to live there.It has really low oxygen.So the kids usually do chores. They only really eat crops and farming animals. The houses on stills are very helpful in the Andes.So now you more about the Andes mountains.

What were Native Americans that lived in the Andes mountains of what is now Peru South America?

The Quechua and Aymara Indians of the Andes mountains are the largest group of Indians still existent in the New World.

What is the longest mountain in the world?


Rank Range Max. elevation
1 Andes 6 962 m (22 841 ft)
2 Southern Great Escarpment 3 482 m (11 424 ft)
3 Rocky Mountains 4 401 m (14 439 ft)
4 Transantarctic Mountains 4 528 m (14 856 ft)

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What effects does altitude have on the climate of the Andean countries of South America?

The higher the altitude the cooler the temperature. Also the oxygen is thin. What is the relationship between altitude and climate in the Andes? How are the climates in the mid-latitude countries of South America different from those in the Andean region?

How has climate change affected the tropical Andes?

Climate change has differentiated impacts on tropical Andean species causing many of them to move uphill increasing the spread of invasive species and infectious diseases and accelerating local extinction risk.

How do the Andes differ from north to south?

The southern section is rainy and cool the central section is dry. The northern Andes are typically rainy and warm with an average temperature of 18 °C (64 °F) in Colombia. The climate is known to change drastically in rather short distances.

How do prevailing winds and the rain shadow effect impact climates around the Andes Mountains?

Prevailing winds carry air toward the mountain range. As the air rises up over a mountain range the air cools water vapor condenses and clouds form. … Once the air passes over the mountain range it moves down the other side warms and dries out. This dry air produces a rain shadow.

What is the relationship between altitude and climate in the Andes?

What is the relationship between altitude and climate in the Andes? The higher the altitude the cooler the temperature. Also the oxygen is thin.

Why does the range of climate vary in Andes mountain?

These temperatures are mainly from biomes around and in the Andes Mountains. The precipitation of the Andes Mountain climate changes but not drastically between two places. In Colombia there is a lot of rainfall all year round. In Ecuador there is the desert climate without much rainfall.

What natural changes have led to the Andes region you see today?

The forces of plate tectonics are responsible for the formation of the Andes. The Nazca plate and a part of the Antarctic plate have been subducting beneath the South American plate which is a process that continues today and causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in the region.

What tectonic plate is the Andes Mountains?

The Nazca Plate is moving eastwards towards the South American Plate at about 79mm per year.

What type of rock would you expect to find in the Andes Mountains?

The rocks run the gamut of sedimentary rocks including: sandstones siltstones shales limestones and quartzites. Volumetrically and economically Ordovician and Silurian shales and siltstones are probably the most important sequences (formed 500-440 million and 440-395 million years age respectively).

What type of mountains are the Andes Mountains?

Fold mountains are the most common type of mountain in the world. The rugged soaring heights of the Himalayas Andes and Alps are all active fold mountains.

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What originated in the Andes of South America?

Potatoes and tomatoes two of the most widespread crops on our planet originated from the Andes. Over 3 800 different types of potatoes are grown in Peru alone. Coca leaves also famously originate from the western slopes of the Andean mountains.

Where do rivers run from the Andes mountains to?

The major basins lie east of the Andes and the main rivers flow to the Atlantic Ocean. The four largest drainage systems—the Amazon Río de la Plata (Paraguay Paraná and Uruguay rivers) Orinoco and São Francisco—cover about two-thirds of the continent.

Does anyone live in the Andes Mountains?

The people of the Andes Mountains. … From Patagonia to the southern limits of the Bolivian Altiplano the Andes are sparsely populated a few small groups of shepherds and farmers live on the lower slopes and vegas of the cordillera.

How were the Andes Mountains created?

The Andes were formed by tectonic activity whereby earth is uplifted as one plate (oceanic crust) subducts under another plate (continental crust). To get such a high mountain chain in a subduction zone setting is unusual which adds to the importance of trying to figure out when and how it happened.

How tall are the Andes?

6 961 m

How did settlers travel through the Appalachian mountains?

The Braddock Road was the first road to cross the Appalachian Mountain range and to allow for the first time horse-drawn wagons to travel into the West. The later National (or Cumberland) Road followed this old trail west to Cumberland and then branched out toward Wheeling.

Why are mountain areas often the last regions to be settled?

Landforms also help to explain where people live and how they use the land. Most farmers want to live in the fertile plains and valleys where crops grow well. Mountainous areas are often the last regions to be settled. That’s because they are hard to reach and can have harsh climates.

What are the disadvantages of living in the mountains?

Possible Disadvantages of Living in the Mountains:
  • can be isolated.
  • city is further away.
  • can be harder to access telecommunication services.
  • snow can make getting in and out difficult.
  • tricky and sometimes pricy to build on a sloped lot.

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