How Did The Geography Of The Greek Peninsula Help Them Defeat The Persians?


How Did The Geography Of The Greek Peninsula Help Them Defeat The Persians??

How did the geography of the Greek peninsula help them defeat the Persians? Athenian soldiers were able to hide in the valleys. The Persians were unable to transport supplies into the Greek city-states. The Athenians developed a more powerful navy than the Persians.

How did the geography of Greece help them in the war against Persia?

At the Battle of Plataea the Greeks resisted the temptation to attack the Persians on good cavalry terrain and instead by retreating took the fight to the hills and were victorious. So geography often helped in combination with Greek military strategizing and decision-making.

How did the Greeks defeat the Persians?

The Greeks crushed the weaker Persian foot soldiers by routing the wings before turning towards the centre of the Persian line. The remnants of the Persian army fled to their ships and left the battle. Herodotus records that 6 400 Persian bodies were counted on the battlefield the Athenians lost only 192 men.

How did peninsula help the Greece?

These islands and peninsulas were covered with high mountains making travel by land very difficult. … Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains islands and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult.

What did the Greeks use to their advantage in their battles with the Persians?

Second the Greeks fought using a phalanx. The phalanx was a formation in which soldiers locked shields and formed a wall. Soldiers behind the wall held long spears to stab the enemy. The Persians had never seen a formation like the phalanx before.

Was the 300 battle real?

It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of ancient Greeks was closer to 7 000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.

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Is the 300 a true story?

Like the comic book the “300” takes inspirations from the real Battle of Thermopylae and the events that took place in the year of 480 BC in ancient Greece. An epic movie for an epic historical event.

Did Greece win against Persia?

Although the Greeks finally beat the Persians in the Battle of Platea in 479 B.C. thus ending the Greco-Persian Wars many scholars attribute the eventual Greek success over the Persians to the Spartans’ defense at Thermopylae.

How was the Greek navy able to defeat the Persian navy?

The Greek commander Themistocles then lured the Persian fleet into the narrow waters of the strait at Salamis where the massed Persian ships had difficulty maneuvering. The Greek triremes then attacked furiously ramming or sinking many Persian vessels and boarding others.

How did Peloponnesus peninsula help the development of Greece?

The coastal plains were exploited for agricultural production which allowed the growth of major Bronze Age settlements such as Mycenae Argos and Tiryns on the plain of Argos Sparta on the Laconian plain and Messene in the southwest.

Why is Peloponnesus important?

Peloponnese played a major role in the existence of Christianity. Corinth and Patra are the most important cities at that time where Apostle Andrew martyred. The area will suffer many invasions and raids especially between 3rd and 6th century AC.

What was a positive outcome for the Greek army at the Battle of Thermopylae?

What was a positive outcome for the Greek army at the Battle of Thermopylae? They gained new military leaders. They slowed down the larger Persian army.

Why was this an advantage for the Greek army?

The Greek soldiers had better weapons and armor and were better at hand to hand combat. How did the Greeks lose their advantage at Thermopylae?

What advantages did the Greeks have in the Battle of Marathon?

The Greeks held an advantage at Marathon in the equipment of their infantry. An Athenian hoplite carried a heavy 9-foot spear wore a solid breastplate and carried an almost body-length shield. The Persian infantryman in contrast wore little more than robes and carried a shorter sword and a wicker or cane shield.

Are Spartans still alive?

So yes the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.

How tall was King Xerxes?

seven feet tall
Xerxes the king of Persia is portrayed as seven feet tall. Actor Rodrigo Santoro is only 6’2″. Not too shabby but the other 10 inches are special effects.Mar 7 2007

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Is Sparta real?

Sparta is a city in Laconia on the Peloponnese in Greece. In antiquity it was a powerful city-state with a famous martial tradition. Ancient writers sometimes referred to it as Lacedaemon and its people as Lacedaemonians.

Who won Sparta or Persia?

The Greek forces mostly Spartan were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army the Greeks were betrayed and the Persians were able to outflank them.

Who betrayed Sparta?


In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans Ephialtes was portrayed by Kieron Moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near Thermopylae. He betrays the Spartans to the Persians out of greed for riches and it is implied unrequited love for a Spartan girl named Ellas.

Do Spartans wear armor?

Eventually they wore almost no armour apart from a shield leg greaves bracelets helmet and a robe. Spartans did start to readopt armour in later periods but on a much lesser scale than during the Archaic period.

How did Athens and Sparta defeat the Persian Empire in the Persian wars?

They were sure of victory. However the Athenian ships called triremes were fast and maneuverable. They rammed into the sides of the large Persian ships and sunk them. They soundly defeated the Persians causing Xerxes to retreat back to Persia.

What land battle destroyed the Persian army and ended the second Persian invasion of Greece?

the Battle of Marathon

The invasion was a direct if delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece (492–490 BC) at the Battle of Marathon which ended Darius I’s attempts to subjugate Greece.

Second Persian invasion of Greece.
Date 480 BC–479 BC
Location Greece
Result Greek victory

What Greek leader conquered the Persian Empire?

Persian conquest In 334 B.C. Alexander set out to conquer the Persian Empire which had waned in power but remained a behemoth. Alexander’s army numbered fewer than 40 000 men mostly Macedonian and fiercely loyal.Feb 4 2019

What is the peninsula of Greece?

Peloponnese also spelled Peloponnesus Modern Greek Pelopónnisos peninsula of 8 278 square miles (21 439 square km) a large mountainous body of land jutting southward into the Mediterranean that since antiquity has been a major region of Greece joined to the rest of mainland Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth.

What is a peninsula in ancient Greece?

The Greek mainland is divided into two peninsulas. A peninsula is a piece of land with water on three sides. The northern peninsula was called Attica. The southern peninsula was called the Peloponnese.

How did Greece’s physical geography help contribute to the establishment of city states?

Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky mountainous land and many islands. These physical barriers caused population centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place.

What does Peloponnesus mean in geography?

Noun. 1. Peloponnesus – the southern peninsula of Greece dominated by Sparta until the 4th century BC. Peloponnese Peloponnesian Peninsula.

What is the peninsula of Attica?

Attica is a triangular peninsula jutting into the Aegean Sea. It is naturally divided to the north from Boeotia by the 10 mi (16 km) long Cithaeron and Parnes mountain ranges. To the west of Eleusis the Greek mainland narrows into Megaris connecting to the Peloponnese at the Isthmus of Corinth.

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What are 3 different ways that Greece’s geography influenced the culture?

Greece’s geography impacted social political and economic patterns in a variety of ways such as that its mountains prevented complete unification led to the establishment of the city states near the sea led to a reliance on naval powers hindered overland trade and encouraged maritime trade around the

What is the best way to describe the geography of Greece?

What is the best way to describe the geography of Greece? … Greece is a peninsula with mountainous areas. Greece is connected to Europe by a narrow isthmus. Greece is a group of islands across the Aegean Sea.

What happened to Greece after the Battle of Thermopylae?

Following Thermopylae the Persian army proceeded to sack and burn Plataea and Thespiae the Boeotian cities that had not submitted before it marched on the now evacuated city of Athens and accomplished the Achaemenid destruction of Athens.

Who fought the 300 Spartans?

Battle of Thermopylae In the late summer of 480 B.C. Leonidas led an army of 6 000 to 7 000 Greeks from many city-states including 300 Spartans in an attempt to prevent the Persians from passing through Thermopylae.Dec 2 2009

What advantages did the Greek soldiers have over the Persian?

what advantages did the greek soldiers have over the persian soldiers? Hoplite had an inferior shield Had a helmet and leg protection And the Persians bow was inneffective against the heavily armed Greeks.

Why was the Battle of Marathon so important?

Despite the death of their commander the Greeks had won a stunning victory for very minor losses. … Marathon did not end the wars against Persia but was the first turning point in establishing the success of the Greek and specifically Athenian way which would eventually give rise to all western culture as we know it.

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