How Do The Mitochondria And Chloroplast Work Together


How Do The Mitochondria And Chloroplast Work Together?

-Chloroplasts convert the sunlight (absorbed by the chlorophyll) into food and then mitochondria make/produce energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

Why do chloroplast and mitochondria work together?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive? Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP. where critical chemical reactions occur in the cell that allow for the release of energy from food.

How do the mitochondria and chloroplast work together to meet the needs of the plant?

Plant cells need both chloroplasts and mitochondria because they perform both photosynthesis and cell respiration. Chloroplast converts light (solar) energy into chemical energy during photosynthesis while mitochondria the powerhouse of the cell produces ATP- the energy currency of the cell during respiration.

How are the chloroplast and mitochondria dependent on each other?

However the glucose and oxygen produced by photosynthesis in the chloroplasts are required by the mitochondria in order to carry out aerobic cellular respiration. The carbon dioxide produced by aerobic cellular respiration in the mitochondra is required by plants for photosynthesis.

How do mitochondria and chloroplasts support the endosymbiosis theory?

Explanation: Bacteria a prokaryote has circular DNA as do mitochondria and chloroplasts. This provides support for the Endosymbiotic Theory which states that the mitochondria and chloroplast in eukaryotic cells were once aerobic bacteria (prokaryote) that were ingested by a large anaerobic bacteria (prokaryote).

Why do plants need both chloroplasts and mitochondria quizlet?

Cells need both chloroplasts and mitochondria to undergo both photosynthesis AND cell respiration. After photosynthesis which chloroplasts are needed for which yields oxygen and glucose plants need to break down the glucose and they use cell respiration to do this which happens in the mitochondria.

Why do mitochondria and chloroplast have their own DNA?

DNA replication and transmission to daughter organelles produces cytoplasmic inheritance of characters associated with primary events in photosynthesis and respiration. The prokaryotic ancestors of chloroplasts and mitochondria were endosymbionts whose genes became copied to the genomes of their cellular hosts.

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What do chloroplasts and mitochondria have in common quizlet?

Terms in this set (9) describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

Which is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports the Endosymbiotic?

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports the endosymbiotic theory? Both contain DNA molecules. Organelles such as mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum have membranes that compartmentalize reactions and other metabolic processes.

What does mitochondria do in photosynthesis?

Explanation: Photosynthesis is food production using the energy from sunlight. Chloroplasts are the organelles where photosynthesis occurs. Mitochondria are the organelles that convert the energy in food into ATP to be used as chemical energy by the cell.

How is ATP made in plants since they have both mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Within the chloroplast is chlorophyll which captures sunlight. Then the light energy is used to combine water and carbon dioxide converting the light energy into glucose which is then used by the mitochondria to make ATP molecules.

Do plants have mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Both plant and animal cells are eukaryotic so they contain membrane-bound organelles like the nucleus and mitochondria. … Plants and animals are very different on the outside as well as on the cellular level. Both animal and plant cells have. mitochondria but only plant cells have chloroplasts.

What do cells gain from having mitochondria What about chloroplasts?

Mitochondria are the working organelles that keep the cell full of energy. In a plant cell chloroplast makes sugar during the process of photosynthesis converting light energy into chemical energy stored in glucose.

How mitochondria and chloroplasts are linked to DNA?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts grow in a coordinated process that requires the contribution of two separate genetic systems—one in the organelle and one in the cell nucleus. Most of the proteins in these organelles are encoded by nuclear DNA synthesized in the cytosol and then imported individually into the organelle.

How are chloroplasts and mitochondria different?

The main difference between chloroplast and mitochondria is their functions chloroplasts are responsible for the production of sugars with the aid of sunlight in a process called photosynthesis whereas mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell which break down sugar in order to capture energy in a process called …

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Do both mitochondria and chloroplast have DNA?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts have striking similarities to bacteria cells. They have their own DNA which is separate from the DNA found in the nucleus of the cell. And both organelles use their DNA to produce many proteins and enzymes required for their function.

What is true about both mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Both mitochondria and chloroplasts contain DNA and ribosomes. Mitochondria likely evolved from ancient endosymbiotic prokaryotes but chloroplasts did not. Both mitochondria and chloroplasts consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide. Both mitochondria and chloroplasts contain DNA and ribosomes.

How are mitochondria similar to chloroplasts quizlet?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to one another in that: a) both convert the energy of the sugar into ATP for use by the cell.

How did mitochondria and chloroplasts develop?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts likely evolved from engulfed prokaryotes that once lived as independent organisms. At some point a eukaryotic cell engulfed an aerobic prokaryote which then formed an endosymbiotic relationship with the host eukaryote gradually developing into a mitochondrion.

What trait of chloroplasts supports explanation?

The endosymbiotic theory provides an explanation for the origin of chloroplasts. Which trait of chloroplasts supports this explanation? Chloroplasts have their own DNA.

What evidence supports the model of Endosymbiotic origin for mitochondria and chloroplasts?

There is broad evidence to show that mitochondria and plastids arose from bacteria and one of the strongest arguments to support the endosymbiotic theory is that both mitochondria and plastids contain DNA that is different from that of the cell nucleus and that they have their own protein biosynthesis machinery.

What does the chloroplast do in photosynthesis?

Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so they sustain life on Earth.

Is chloroplast involved in photosynthesis?

The chloroplast is involved in both stages of photosynthesis. The light reactions take place in the thylakoid. … The dark reactions then occur outside the thylakoid. In these reactions the energy from ATP and NADPH is used to fix carbon dioxide (CO2).

What characteristics do mitochondria and chloroplasts share?

What similarities do mitochondria and chloroplasts share? Both membranes-bound organelles have their own DNA and help make energy available to the cell. Describe how the endoplasmic reticulum mitochondrion and Golgi apparatus are structurally similar. All are composed of membrane-enclosed chambers.

Why do plants have mitochondria if they have chloroplasts that make ATP?

Explanation: While plant cells have chloroplasts to photosynthesize they also require ATP for cellular functions and do use oxygen to break down some of the sugar they produce in order to generate that ATP. They need mitochondria for this.

Does mitochondria help in photosynthesis?

Mitochondria fulfill important functions in photosynthetic cells not only in darkness but also in light. … Furthermore during photosynthesis mitochondrial electron transport is important for regulation of the redox balance in the cell.

Why mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to a bacterial cell?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria have their own ribosomes that are similar to those of bacteria and unlike those of the rest of the cell. For this reason they are sensitive to antibiotics that kill bacteria by binding to and inactivating bacterial ribosomes.

Do mitochondria and chloroplasts produce ATP?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria are the major ATP producing organelles in plant leaves. Arabidopsis thaliana purple acid phosphatase 2 (AtPAP2) is a phosphatase dually targeted to the outer membranes of both organelles and it plays a role in the import of selected nuclear-encoded proteins into these two organelles.

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Why mitochondria and chloroplast are called semi autonomous?

Hint: Mitochondria and chloroplasts are called semi-autonomous cell organelles as they have their own DNA and ribosomes. … They contain their own DNA that can replicate independently and can also produce its own ribosomes and have the ability for protein synthesis.

Do mitochondria and chloroplasts divide independently?

Mitochondrial reproduction is not autonomous (self-governed) however as is bacterial reproduction. … This provides an elegant illustration of the co-evolution between the mitochondria and their hosts in the evolution of the eukaryota. Answer 2: Mitochondria and chloroplasts divide by fission much like bacteria.

How do mitochondria and chloroplasts differ in providing energy for the cell?

Chloroplast has two chambers thylakoid and stroma. Mitochondria consume oxygen to provide energy to the cells. They release energy by breaking down organic material and produce carbon dioxide and water. Chloroplasts release oxygen.

How are mitochondria and chloroplasts similar in design?

Like mitochondria chloroplasts produce food for their cells. … Like the mitochondria the chloroplast has an inner and outer membrane. Inside those membranes are its different parts which include thylakoids and stroma. A stack of thylakoids is called a grana (pl.

What do you think about the relation of mitochondria and chloroplast with evolution of eukaryotes from prokaryotes which theory is involved?

The endosymbiotic theory states that some of the organelles in eukaryotic cells were once prokaryotic microbes. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission.

How did mitochondria and chloroplasts arise in eukaryotic cells?

How did mitochondria and chloroplasts arise in eukaryotic cells? Via endosymbiosis where mitochondria and chloroplasts were independent prokaryotic organisms that were engulfed by a larger cell.

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