How Is The Nuclear Power Industry Related To The Development Of Nuclear Weapons?


How Is The Nuclear Power Industry Related To The Development Of Nuclear Weapons??

Nuclear weapons and nuclear power share several common features. … For example the process of enriching uranium to make it into fuel for nuclear power stations is also used to make nuclear weapons. Plutonium is a by-product of the nuclear fuel cycle and is still used by some countries to make nuclear weapons.

What did the development of nuclear weapons lead to?

It thrust the world into the atomic age changing warfare and geopolitical relations forever. Less than a month later the U.S. dropped two nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan—further proving it was now possible to obliterate large swaths of land and kill masses of people in seconds.

What is the difference between nuclear powered and nuclear armed?

In a nuclear weapon all of the energy comes out in an instant. So a nuclear reactor can produce radioactive fission fragments continuously over a long period of time while a nuclear weapon produces them in one shot.

How was nuclear weapon developed?

A discovery by nuclear physicists in a laboratory in Berlin Germany in 1938 made the first atomic bomb possible after Otto Hahn Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassman discovered nuclear fission. When an atom of radioactive material splits into lighter atoms there’s a sudden powerful release of energy.

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What is the connection between commercial power plants and the spread of nuclear weapons?

The claim has long been made that the development and expansion of commercial nuclear power led to nuclear weapons proliferation because elements of the nuclear fuel cycle (including uranium enrichment and spent-fuel reprocessing) can also serve as pathways to weapons development.

What are the effects of nuclear weapons?

A nuclear weapon detonation in or near a populated area would – as a result of the blast wave intense heat and radiation and radioactive fallout – cause massive death and destruction trigger large-scale displacement[6] and cause long-term harm to human health and well-being as well as long-term damage to the …

Why did the US develop nuclear weapons?

President Truman authorized the use of the atom bombs in an effort to bring about Japan’s surrender in the Second World War. In the days following the bombings Japan surrendered. The Manhattan Project was the US government program during World War II that developed and built these first atomic bombs.

What is the difference between nuclear fusion and nuclear fission?

The main difference between these two processes is that fission is the splitting of an atom into two or more smaller ones while fusion is the fusing of two or more smaller atoms into a larger one.

What are the advantages of nuclear powered submarines?

What’s more unlike conventional fuel combustion nuclear reactions do not require air. That means nuclear submarines can stay submerged at deep depths for months at a time giving them better stealth capabilities and allowing for longer more remote deployments. The downside is the eye-watering cost.

Why are nuclear submarines important?

Almost all modern nuclear attack submarines are capable of two basic functions: to attack enemy surface ships and to destroy enemy submarines. To these basic functions some have added other roles the most important one being the ability to strike enemy installations on land.

What is the purpose of nuclear weapons?

The principal role of nuclear weapons is to deter potential adversaries from an attack on the United States our allies or our vital interests. Russia maintains very large strategic and tactical nuclear forces.

Which country developed nuclear weapons first?

The United States
The United States developed the first nuclear weapons during World War II in cooperation with the United Kingdom and Canada as part of the Manhattan Project out of the fear that Nazi Germany would develop them first.

How did nuclear weapons change the nature of war?

The use of atomic weapons changed the nature of war altered the balance of power and began the nuclear age. … The use of these bombs introduced a new type of weapon capable of mass destruction. For four years following World War II the United States was the only country in possession of atomic bombs.

What are the major advantages and disadvantages of using nuclear power as an energy resource quizlet?

Advantages: low environmental impact emits 1/6 as much CO2 as coal low risk of accidents in modern plants. Disadvantages: low net energy yield high overall cost produces long lived harmful radioactive wastes promotes spread of nuclear weapons.

What happens in nuclear power plants?

Nuclear power comes from nuclear fission

Nuclear power plants heat water to produce steam. The steam is used to spin large turbines that generate electricity. … In nuclear fission atoms are split apart to form smaller atoms releasing energy. Fission takes place inside the reactor of a nuclear power plant.

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How is a nuclear power plant different from an atomic bomb quizlet?

How is a nuclear power plant different from an atomic bomb? A nuclear power plant has controlled chain reactions when energy is released. Atomic bombs are uncontrolled reactions that result in explosions.

How nuclear weapons affect the economy?

A nuclear war would not only damage the industrial base of a national economy and thin the ranks of qualified personnel but it would also disrupt and destroy supporting financial structures throwing into question the value and utility of money as well as the value and ownership of goods and property.

How does nuclear development threaten the human race?

A nuclear bomb detonated in a city would immediately kill tens of thousands of people and tens of thousands more would suffer horrific injuries and later die from radiation exposure. In addition to the immense short-term loss of life a nuclear war could cause long-term damage to our planet.

How does nuclear power affect the environment and human health?

A major environmental concern related to nuclear power is the creation of radioactive wastes such as uranium mill tailings spent (used) reactor fuel and other radioactive wastes. These materials can remain radioactive and dangerous to human health for thousands of years.

Which of the following is a common argument in favor of the development of nuclear weapons?

Which of the following is a common argument in favor of the development of nuclear weapons? This development paved the way for non-military use of nuclear energy.

What were the most likely reasons that US leaders decided to develop the atomic bomb?

It was necessary to destroy as much of Japan as possible to end the war. It was necessary to save as many lives as possible by ending the fighting quickly. It was necessary for him to have no regrets about his wartime leadership. It was necessary to keep other countries from ever using atomic weapons.

When was nuclear weapons created?

July 16 1945
On July 16 1945 in the desert north of Alamogordo New Mexico the first nuclear test took place code-named “Trinity” using a device nicknamed “the gadget.” The test a plutonium implosion-type device released energy equivalent to 22 kilotons of TNT far more powerful than any weapon ever used before.

What are the similarities between nuclear fission and fusion?

Fusion and fission are similar in that they both release large amounts of energy. Nuclear fusion is a process in which two nuclei join to form a larger nucleus. Nuclear fission is a process in which a nucleus splits into two smaller nuclei.

What is nuclear fission and fusion with example?

In fission energy is gained by splitting apart heavy atoms for example uranium into smaller atoms such as iodine caesium strontium xenon and barium to name just a few. However fusion is combining light atoms for example two hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium to form the heavier helium.

When nuclear fusion or fission occurs what is responsible for the energy produced?

Nuclear Fusion reactions power the Sun and other stars. In a fusion reaction two light nuclei merge to form a single heavier nucleus. The process releases energy because the total mass of the resulting single nucleus is less than the mass of the two original nuclei. The leftover mass becomes energy.

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How do nuclear reactors work in submarines?

Reactors in a nuclear-powered submarine are typically fuelled with uranium. … In turn more neutrons are released and the process continues in a so-called “nuclear chain reaction”. The energy is given off as heat which can be used to drive turbines that generate electricity for the submarine.

How does a nuclear fission reactor work?

Nuclear Fission Creates Heat

Reactors use uranium for nuclear fuel. The uranium is processed into small ceramic pellets and stacked together into sealed metal tubes called fuel rods. … The heat created by fission turns the water into steam which spins a turbine to produce carbon-free electricity.

How does nuclear power work?

In nuclear power plants neutrons collide with uranium atoms splitting them. … In the core of nuclear reactors the fission of uranium atoms releases energy that heats water to about 520 degrees Farenheit. This hot water is then used to spin turbines that are connected to generators producing electricity.

Why do some consider nuclear power plants environmentally friendly?

As of today nuclear energy is considered as one of the most environmentally friendly sources of energy as it produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions during the production of electricity as compared to traditional sources like coal power plants. … It is the energy that is stored in the nucleus of an atom.

Can a nuclear submarine exploded?

The explosion blew out the reactor’s twelve-ton lid—and fuel rods—and ruptured the pressure hull. … The reactor core was destroyed and eight officers and two enlisted men standing nearby were killed instantly.

Do nuclear subs have nuclear weapons?

Each sub carries up to eight missiles on board and each missile carries up to five nuclear bombs – or warheads – on top. … One Trident submarine patrols the seas at all times. Why does the government want to replace it? Because the current submarines will start to come out of service from 2032.

Do nuclear weapons promote peace and stability?

A nuclear peace results if the costs of war are unacceptably high for both sides. … The study determined that nuclear weapons promote strategic stability and prevent largescale wars but simultaneously allow for more low intensity conflicts.

Why are nuclear weapons an issue?

Nuclear weapons are the most dangerous weapons on earth. … One can destroy a whole city potentially killing millions and jeopardizing the natural environment and lives of future generations through its long-term catastrophic effects. The dangers from such weapons arise from their very existence.

What types of motives are used to prevent nations from developing nuclear weapon technology?

8 And to mention only one more possible classification: Joseph Cirincione in 2007 also defined five motivations for states to pursue or forgo nuclear weapons: 1) security 2) prestige 3) domestic politics 4) technology and 5) economics.

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