How Were Trials In Athens Similar To Trials In The United States Today?

How Were Trials In Athens Similar To Trials In The United States Today??

How where trials in Athens similar to trials in the United States today? The accused was considered innocent until proven guilty. … What effect did the conflict between Athens and Sparta have on ancient Greek civilization? It caused further fractures among the Greek city-states.How where trials in Athens similar to trials in the United States today? The accused was considered innocent until proven guilty. … What effect did the conflict between Athens and Sparta have on ancient Greek civilization

Greek civilization
Taxation. Direct taxation was not well-developed in ancient Greece. The eisphorá (εἰσφορά) was a tax on the wealth of the very rich but it was levied only when needed — usually in times of war. Large fortunes were also subject to liturgies which was the support of public works.

How were trials conducted in Athens?

Here are the basic parameters: Any citizen could initiate a trial (there were no public prosecutors in Athens) simply by registering it with the magistrate under whose jurisdiction it fell the magistrate would preside over a trial to be judged by a jury of 200+ randomly selected men who would listen first to …

Did Athens have jury trials?

The Athenian jurors were chosen randomly by lot which meant that juries would consist in theory of a wide range of members from different social classes. Jurors were chosen on an annual basis as were all other offices within the state (with the exception of the generals known as strategoi).

How did trials work in ancient Greece?

Some trials had as many as 500 jurors who had volunteered to judge a case. Only the jury could bring in a decision that someone was guilty or innocent. The judge only kept order but could not decide a trial outcome. THE TRIAL: Both sides presented their case.

How did Athenian democracy influence citizens rights in the present day United States?

How was the US Constitution influenced by Athenian democratic principles? It set up a direct democracy. … – In the US citizens vote while in ancient Athens only the Council of 500 voted to pass laws. – In the US citizens elect representatives to office while in Athens elections were not held.

How does ancient Greek influence us today?

The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy mathematics astronomy and medicine. Literature and theatre was an important aspect of Greek culture and influenced modern drama. … Greek culture influenced the Roman Empire and many other civilizations and it continues to influence modern cultures today.

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How many jurors decided each trial in Athens?

In Athens jurors did not retire to a juryroom to deliberate–they made their decisions without discussion among themselves based in large part on their own interpretations of the law. The 500 jurors voted on his guilt or innocence by dropping bronze ballot disks of the sort pictured above into marked urns.

Why was Athens important in ancient Greece?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues such as whether or not to declare war.

How many Athenians could vote?

Size and make-up of the Athenian population

Citizen families could have amounted to 100 000 people and out of these some 30 000 would have been the adult male citizens entitled to vote in the assembly.

How do the views of ancient Sparta compare to those of ancient Athens on the subject of education?

Compare the views of ancient Sparta and ancient Athens on the subject of education. Athens valued education above all else while Sparta valued physical fitness above all else.

What were laws like in ancient Greece?

Athens had laws covering personal property and providing for damages if that personal property was ruined or stolen. The Greeks even had a law protecting trademarks. The Greeks distinguished between premeditated murder and accidental killing. Murderers were sentenced to capital punishment or permanent exile.

When did trial by jury Start ancient Greece?

During this time period if you committed a murder you would most likely be killed by the members of the victim’s family. It wasn’t until the middle of the 7th century B.C.E. that official laws were established and the concept of trial by a jury of peers began.

How is Athens similar to the US?

Similarities between US and Athens are that US and Athens have a democracy. They both allow men to vote. One difference is that US has a representative democracy and Athens has a direct democracy. In Athens only men that owned property are allowed to vote.

How is Athens direct democracy similar to our representative democracy?

Greek democracy created at Athens was direct rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.

How did Athens influence America?

Another important ancient Greek concept that influenced the formation of the United States government was the written constitution. The original U.S. voting system had some similarities with that of Athens. In Athens every citizen could speak his mind and vote at a large assembly that met to create laws.

What is life like in Athens today?

Today’s Athens has been cleared of its air pollution its noise and its ugly sites and is now working fast to enter a new era and become a well-known modern city. The projects to freshen-up the city are very ambitious entire areas of the historical centre are being cleaned up and completely pedestrianised.

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In what way did ancient Athens influence the framers of the United States Constitution?

The ancient Athens influenced the farmers of the United States Constitution with their legislative system because the legislative branch in Athens had two main bodies. The U. S. has two houses in his legislative branch. We have the House of Representatives and Senate which make up our legislative branch.

How ancient Greece influenced Western civilization?

The Western world was highly influenced by the ancient Greeks. The Greeks changed the way the world looks at art math architecture philosophy sports and drama. Without the ancient Greeks the modern world would not be the same. Men such as Socrates Plato and Aristotle changed the way we look at philosophy.

How long did trials last in Athens?

The trial of Socrates took place over a nine-to-ten hour period in the People’s Court located in the agora the civic center of Athens. The jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty chosen by lot from among volunteers.

Who carried out justice in Athens?

At the present stage of research the only judicial system sufficiently known to warrant description is that of 4th-century Athens. In the democratic period its justice was administered by magistrates popular courts (dikastēria) and the Areopagus.

How does ancient Athens influence the world today?

Government. Divided into city-states ancient Greece has been a source of inspiration for many political systems we know today. Democracy was invented in Athens and it was unique in the sense that every citizen (read non-slave males) had the right to vote and speak at the assembly where laws and decisions were made.

What was ancient Athens culture like?

Ancient Athenians were a thoughtful people who enjoyed the systematic study of subjects such as science philosophy and history to name a few. Athenians placed a heavy emphasis on the arts architecture and literature. The Athenians built thousands of temples and statues that embodied their understanding of beauty.

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How Athens got its name myth for kids?

Discover the myth of name giving of Athens

Cecrops had named his city after him Cecropia. However the gods of Olympus saw this lovely piece of land and wanted to name it after them and become its patron. The most persistent rivals were Poseidon the sea god and Athena the goddess of wisdom.

What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?

Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.

Who started ostracism in Greece?

Ostracism is said by Aristotle in his Constitution of Athens to have been introduced by Cleisthenes in his reform of the Athenian constitution after the expulsion of Hippias (c. 508 bc) but the first use of it seems to have been made in 488–487 bc when Hipparchus son of Charmus of Collytus was ostracized.

Did ostracism make Athens more or less democratic?

Ostracism in Ancient Athens was the way for people to take toxic people out of rule for 10 years by popular vote. Ostracism made Athens more democratic because it gave the people even more power over their rules.

How do Athens and Sparta compare?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. … Moreover Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.

How are Athens and Sparta different quizlet?

They are different because Athens was a democracy and Sparta was a strictly-ruled military state. In Athens women had very few rights.

Why is Sparta education better than Athens?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. … Secondly in Sparta girls were able to learn a lot more than in other places. Spartan girls were not taught just by their mothers like in Athens.

How did Athens enforce laws?

According to Plutarch when Solon revised the laws of Athens in the 6th century BCE he wrote the new laws on wooden tablets (Plut. Sol. 25.1). By inscribing laws either on wood or in stone and setting them in a public place knowledge of the laws was made available to all citizens rather than to a small elite.

What is bike trials?

Greek Direct Democracy

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