In Organisms Other Than Plants, When And Where Is The Most Atp Produced?


When and where is the most ATP produced?

The stage that produces most of the ATP during cellular respiration is the electron transport system (ETS) present in mitochondria. The formation of ATP occurs by oxidative phosphorylation. Theoretically 34 ATPs are produced in the ETS by the complete oxidation of a glucose molecule.

Where in the cell is the most ATP produced?

Most of the ATP in cells is produced by the enzyme ATP synthase which converts ADP and phosphate to ATP. ATP synthase is located in the membrane of cellular structures called mitochondria in plant cells the enzyme also is found in chloroplasts.

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Where is ATP made in organisms?

ATP is how cells store energy. These storage molecules are produced in the mitochondria tiny organelles found in eukaryotic cells sometimes called the “powerhouse” of the cell.

Which process produces the most ATP for an organism?

Explanation: The electron transport chain generates the most ATP out of all three major phases of cellular respiration. Glycolysis produces a net of 2 ATP per molecule of glucose.

Which process produces the most ATP and what other compound is produced in that process?

Answer and Explanation: The electron transport chain of the cellular respiration process produces maximum ATP.

Which of the following processes produces the most ATP quizlet?

Most of the ATP in cellular respiration is produced by the process of chemiosmosis.

Which process produces the most ATP aerobic or anaerobic?

  • Aerobic respiration produces much more ATP than anaerobic respiration.
  • Anaerobic respiration occurs more quickly than aerobic respiration.

Where in a cell does most ATP production take place quizlet?

Where does most ATP production take place within a cell? The mitochondria.

How is ATP produced in plants?

ATP production during photosynthesis

In plants ATP is synthesized in the thylakoid membrane of the chloroplast. The process is called photophosphorylation. The “machinery” is similar to that in mitochondria except that light energy is used to pump protons across a membrane to produce a proton-motive force.

How is ATP used in plants?

ATP can be used to store energy for future reactions or be withdrawn to pay for reactions when energy is required by the cell. … Likewise plants capture and store the energy they derive from light during photosynthesis in ATP molecules.

How is ATP produced in the mitochondria?

Most of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesized during glucose metabolism is produced in the mitochondria through oxidative phosphorylation. This is a complex reaction powered by the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane which is generated by mitochondrial respiration.

Which of the following processes produce ATP?

Oxidative phosphorylation is the process that enables the body to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP) which is needed for the transfer and storage of energy in cells.

Which of the following processes produces the most ATP per molecule of glucose?

Aerobic respiration

Answer: A) Aerobic respiration produces the most ATP per molecule of glucose.

Where is most of the ATP generated during aerobic respiration?

Most of the ATP produced by aerobic cellular respiration is made by oxidative phosphorylation. The energy of O2 released is used to create a chemiosmotic potential by pumping protons across a membrane. This potential is then used to drive ATP synthase and produce ATP from ADP and a phosphate group.

Where does cellular respiration take place in plants?

Plants take in carbon dioxide through tiny openings or pores in their leaves called stomata. Special cells in the leaves of plants called guard cells open and close the stomata. Cellular respiration is a process that occurs in the mitochondria of all organisms.

Which of the following reactions produces the most molecules of ATP?

So oxidative phosphorylation is the metabolic cycle that produces the most net ATP per glucose molecule.

Which of the following is the source of the energy that is used to produce the Chemiosmotic gradient in mitochondria?

The chemiosmotic theory

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The theory suggests essentially that most adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis in respiring cells comes from the electrochemical gradient across the inner membranes of mitochondria by using the energy of NADH and FADH2 formed from the breaking down of energy-rich molecules such as glucose.

What is the most common mechanism that regulates cellular respiration in most cells?

What is the most common mechanism that regulates cellular respiration in most cells? Fermentation by itself produces no ATP but keeps glycolysis going which produces a small amount of ATP. How does fermentation do this? Fermentation oxidizes NADH to NAD+ which facilitates the production of ATP in glycolysis.

Which energy system creates the most ATP?

aerobic system

The aerobic system produces far more ATP than either of the other energy systems but it produces the ATP much more slowly therefore it cannot fuel intense exercise that demands the fast production of ATP.

What comes first aerobic or anaerobic?

Cellular respiration that proceeds in the absence of oxygen is anaerobic respiration. Cellular respiration that proceeds in the presence of oxygen is aerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration evolved prior to aerobic respiration.

Where do new cells come from quizlet?

No matter what the cell all cells come from preexisting cells through the process of cell division. Starting cell prior to cell division. Resulting cell after cell division. Cell division is the process in which one cell called the parent cell divides to form two new cells referred to as daughter cells.

Which structure is present in plant cells but not animal cells and is the site of photosynthesis?

Chloroplasts are found in plant cells but not in animal cells. The purpose of the chloroplast is to make sugars that feed the cell’s machinery. Photosynthesis is the process of a plant taking energy from the Sun and creating sugars.

How big are mitochondria in an animal cell?

0.5 to 10 μm

Mitochondria are typically round to oval in shape and range in size from 0.5 to 10 μm. In addition to producing energy mitochondria store calcium for cell signaling activities generate heat and mediate cell growth and death.

Where is ATP produced in the chloroplast?

chloroplast stroma

All electron-transport processes occur in the thylakoid membrane: to make ATP H+ is pumped into the thylakoid space and a backflow of H+ through an ATP synthase then produces the ATP in the chloroplast stroma.

How do plants and animals produce ATP?

Animals obtain their energy by oxidation of foods plants do so by trapping the sunlight using chlorophyll. … This special carrier of energy is the molecule adenosine triphosphate or ATP.

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Where is ATP produced in photosynthesis?

ATP and NADPH are produced on the stroma side of the thylakoid membrane where they can be used by the Calvin cycle.

How many ATP is produced in photosynthesis?

Glucose combines with oxygen (oxidation) forming carbon dioxide water and 38 molecules of ATP.

What type of organisms use ATP?

Yeast and bacteria are examples of organisms that use fermentation to generate ATP. ATP synthesized in mitochondria is the primary energy source for important biological functions such as muscle contraction nerve impulse transmission and protein synthesis.

How do plants use ATP in photosynthesis?

ATP is a reservoir of potential chemical energy and acts as a common intermediate in metabolism linking energy requiring and energy yielding reactions. … In photosynthesis energy is transferred to ATP in the light-dependent stage and the ATP is utilised during synthesis in the light-independent stage.

Does the chloroplast produce ATP?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria are the major ATP producing organelles in plant leaves.

How many ATP are produced in the mitochondria?

In the mitochondria the metabolism of sugars is completed and the energy released is harnessed so efficiently that about 30 molecules of ATP are produced for each molecule of glucose oxidized.

Which compound ATP is produced in the mitochondria?

In the matrix of mitochondria the reactions known as the citric acid or Krebs cycle produce a chemical called NADH. NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Which of the following processes produces the maximum yield in ATP when one molecule of glucose is completely oxidized?

The theoretical maximum yield of ATP for the oxidation of one molecule of glucose during aerobic respiration is 38. In terms of substrate-level phosphorylation oxidative phosphorylation and the component pathways involved briefly explain how this number is obtained.

How many ATP molecules are directly produced during glycolysis?

During glycolysis a total 4 ATPs are formed out of which 2 are consumed. So 24 ATPs are directly formed during the glycolysis cycle of by 6 molecules of glucose.

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