In What Direction Do Global Winds And Currents Flow South Of The Equator?

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In What Direction Do Global Winds And Currents Flow South Of The Equator??

Wind or water that travels toward the poles from the equator is deflected to the east while wind or water that travels toward the equator from the poles gets bent to the west. The Coriolis effect bends the direction of surface currents to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and left in the Southern Hemisphere.Wind or water that travels toward the poles from the equator is deflected to the east while wind or water that travels toward the equator from the poles gets bent to the west. The Coriolis effect

Coriolis effect
The Coriolis force acts in a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis and to the velocity of the body in the rotating frame and is proportional to the object’s speed in the rotating frame (more precisely to the component of its velocity that is perpendicular to the axis of rotation).

In what direction do global winds and currents flow near the equator?

Warm air rises at the equator and moves toward the poles. At the poles the cooler air sinks and moves back toward the equator. However it is not this simple. Global winds do not move directly from north to south or south to north because the Earth rotates.

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What direction do currents move south of the equator?

The direction of the global winds and currents in the south of the equator flows to the left. This is explained in Coriolis Effect.

In what direction do global winds and currents flow south of the equator quizlet?

Currents flow clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counter-clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. The Sun’s rays are most intensely directed at the equator and not at the poles. Because of this the poles are cooler than the equator. Without unequal heating wind and global convection currents wouldn’t be created.

In which direction do the global winds circulate?

Generally prevailing winds blow east-west rather than north-south. This happens because Earth’s rotation generates what is known as the Coriolis effect. The Coriolis effect makes wind systems twist counter-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.

Why does wind between the equator and 30 degrees south come out of the southeast?

Why does wind between the equator and 30 degrees south come out of the southeast? Cooled air moves north toward the equator and is deflected toward the west by the Coriolis effect. … Wind near the north pole would move to the northeast and the wind near the south pole would move to the southeast.

What is the direction of deflection in the Southern Hemisphere?

In the Southern Hemisphere currents are deflected to the left. As a result storm systems seem to rotate clockwise. Outside storm systems the impact of the Coriolis effect helps define regular wind patterns around the globe. As warm air rises near the Equator for instance it flows toward the poles.

Which direction do currents move across the equator both north and south?

Which direction do currents move across the equator both north a and south? Northern Hemipshere gyres rotate clockwise and the Southern Hemisphere gyres rotate counter clockwise. What direction does the counter current flow? Counter currents travel the opposite direction of a specific current.

Which direction do currents flow?

The winds pull surface water with them creating currents. As these currents flow westward the Coriolis effect—a force that results from the rotation of the Earth—deflects them. The currents then bend to the right heading north.

Do planetary winds and currents move in the same direction?

Global Wind Patterns

Global winds blow in the same directions all the time. … The major wind belts push the water in the surface currents. The water moves in the direction of : trade winds: east to west between the equator and 30°N and 30°S.

Which direction does the South Atlantic gyre flow?

This current flows from West to East around Antarctica. Another name for this current is the West Wind Drift.

What is the general direction of wind and ocean currents quizlet?

A large system of circular ocean currents formed by global wind patterns and forces created by Earth’s rotation. In the Northern Hemisphere ocean currents are deflected to the right in a clockwise motion. In the Southern Hemisphere ocean currents are pushed to the left in a counterclockwise motion.

Where do ocean currents flow from east to west?

Ocean currents flow from east to west near the equator.

What is a global wind belt located north and south of the equator?

The global wind belts are the three wind belts or wind patterns that cover the planet: the tropical easterlies (or the trade winds) are found near the equator the polar easterlies are found at the north and south poles and the prevailing westerlies are found between the two.

Is there wind at the equator?

Right at the equator there is almost no wind at all—an area sometimes called the doldrums.

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What affects the direction of the global winds?

Because the Earth rotates on its axis circulating air is deflected toward the right in the Northern Hemisphere and toward the left in the Southern Hemisphere. This deflection is called the Coriolis effect.

What is the direction of the winds between 30 60 degrees?

The westerlies anti-trades or prevailing westerlies are prevailing winds from the west toward the east in the middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees latitude. They originate from the high-pressure areas in the horse latitudes and trend towards the poles and steer extratropical cyclones in this general manner.

Where are the global winds?

Global Winds

Trade winds – Trade winds occur near the equator and flow from either the north or south towards the equator. They curve towards the west due to the spin of the Earth. Prevailing westerlies – In the middle latitudes of the Earth between 35 and 65 degrees latitude are the prevailing westerly winds.

How far north and south of the equator do we find the westerlies?

The westerly winds also known as the westerlies occur at two regions on Earth: between 30 and 60 degrees latitude in the northern hemisphere and between 30 and 60 degrees latitude in the southern hemisphere.

In what direction do winds of Storm spin in the Southern Hemisphere?

Because of the Coriolis Effect hurricanes spin counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere while these types of storms spin clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. This Southern Hemisphere storm approaching Southeast Asia is spinning in a clockwise direction.

What deflects the direction of the wind?

What is the Coriolis effect? The Earth’s rotation means that we experience an apparent force known as the Coriolis force. This deflects the direction of the wind to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere.

Why does Southern Hemisphere rotate clockwise?

In the Southern Hemisphere currents bend to the left. This makes cyclones rotate clockwise. The Coriolis effect also has an impact on regular winds. For example as warm air rises near the Equator it flows toward the poles.

In which direction would winds move at the poles if Earth rotated in the opposite direction?

In which direction would winds move at the poles if Earth rotated in the opposite direction? –Wind would move toward the northeast at both poles.

Which direction will the net current flow be in response to a wind in the Northern Hemisphere?

Because the Earth rotates surface water moves to the right of the wind direction in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left of the wind direction in the Southern Hemisphere due to the Coriolis effect.

In which general direction do ocean currents move in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere?

Explanation: The earth rotates on its axis from west to east. This rotation causes both the wind and ocean currents to move from east to west. Thus the wind movement and ocean currents in the northern hemisphere goes clockwise and counter clockwise in the southern hemisphere.

Does current flow from north to south?

There is a simple answer: they don’t. Magnetic fields deflect moving electric charges. The force is always perpendicular to the magnetic field and proportional to the sine of the angle between the direction of motion and the magnetic field. So electric charges do not ‘flow’ from north to south in a magnetic field.

How direction of the wind affects the climate?

Wind carries moisture into an atmosphere as well as hot or cold air into a climate which affects weather patterns. Therefore a change in wind results in a change of weather. A major factor that determines wind direction is air pressure. … Additionally heat and pressure cause the wind to shift direction.

In which direction do the warm currents flow?

A warm current is just the reverse. A warm current is moving away from the Equator toward the poles. The water in a warm current is warmer than the surrounding water.

Which direction do the North Pacific currents rotate?

The North Pacific Current (sometimes referred to as the North Pacific Drift) is a slow warm water current that flows west-to-east between 30 and 50 degrees north in the Pacific Ocean.

Why do the North Pacific and North Atlantic gyres rotate clockwise?

Three forces cause the circulation of a gyre: global wind patterns Earth’s rotation and Earth’s landmasses. Wind drags on the ocean surface causing water to move in the direction the wind is blowing. … In the Northern Hemisphere ocean currents are deflected to the right in a clockwise motion.

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Does the current move with the wind?

The term “current” describes the motion of the ocean.

Ocean currents are driven by wind water density differences and tides.

What currents make up the South Pacific Gyre?

The Southern Pacific Gyre is part of the Earth’s system of rotating ocean currents bounded by the Equator to the north Australia to the west the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to the south and South America to the east.

Is the South Pacific Gyre warm or cold?

The five most notable gyres are as follows: Indian Ocean Gyre North Atlantic Gyre North Pacific Gyre South Atlantic Gyre and South Pacific Gyre. Global gyres contain both cold water from the deep ocean and warm water from the surface currents.

What is south Pacific current?

A branch of that warm current heads south and passes near the coast of oriental Australia(where it becomes Australia current) and mixes in the southern pacific with the cold antarctic drift. …

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