Military Leader Who Ended Muslim Control Of Indian Ocean Trade


What Portuguese ruler who encouraged ocean exploration?

Henry the Navigator took the lead role in encouraging Portuguese maritime exploration until his death in 1460.

What was the significance of Afonso de Albuquerque quizlet?

Portuguese Viceroy of Goa who conquered many areas around the Indian Ocean.

Why was Spain easily able to conquer the Philippines?

Why was Spain able to conquer the Philippines easily? The Filipinos were not united as a people. … What about the location of the Philippines made it a valuable asset for Spain? It was ideally situated across from the Pacific from Spain’s American Colonies.

What device was used to measure the angle of the sun and the stars above the horizon?


sextant instrument for determining the angle between the horizon and a celestial body such as the Sun the Moon or a star used in celestial navigation to determine latitude and longitude.

How did the Portuguese change Indian Ocean trade?

In conclusion the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities destroyed Muslim trade ships and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

Who is Christopher Columbus and what did he do?

Christopher Columbus was a navigator who explored the Americas under the flag of Spain. Some people think of him as the “discoverer” of America but this is not strictly true. His voyages across the Atlantic paved the way for European colonization and exploitation of the Americas.

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How did the Portuguese control the spice trade?

How did the Portuguese control the spice trade? They did it by using their sea power to set up colonies setting up the Dutch East India Company and establishing permanent ties with locals. … They were not interested in any European trade items.

How did the European nations build empires in South and Southeast Asia?

How did European nations build empires in South and Southeast Asia? They built strategic outposts to control the spice trade established colonies and with their wealth and power began to influence or even take over the local governments. … They perceived these empires as being stronger than their own forces.

How did the Dutch build up a strong presence in South East Africa?

How did the Dutch build up a strong presence in Southeast Asia? By using their power to set up colonies setting up Dutch East India Company and establishing strong local ties.

Who named the Philippines?

King Philip II
The Philippines are named after King Philip II (1527-1598) of Spain. The country was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 (while in Spanish service). Later tension arose between Portugal and Spain and in 1542 Spain re-claimed the islands for themselves naming them after its then king.

Who discovered the Philippines?

Ferdinand Magellan

The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.

How many years Japan colonized Philippines?

three years
Japan occupied the Philippines for over three years until the surrender of Japan. A highly effective guerilla campaign by Philippine resistance forces controlled sixty percent of the islands mostly jungle and mountain areas. MacArthur supplied them by submarine and sent reinforcements and officers.

Why is it called sextant?

The sextant is so named because its arc encompasses one sixth of a circle (60°) however due to the optical properties of the reflecting system it measures up to a third of a circle (120°).

Who invented the astronomical sextant?

Abu-Mahmud Khojandi

Who controlled the sea trade?

Union of Spain and Portugal 1580–1640.

Who break the trade monopoly of Portuguese in India?

Jan Huyghen van Linschoten

Jan Huyghen van Linschoten is credited for enabling the British East India Company as well as the Dutch East India company to break the 16th century monopoly of the Portuguese in trade with the East Indies.

Who did the Portuguese trade with?

The Portuguese destroyed the Arab trade routes in the Indian Ocean between Africa Arabia and India. The Portuguese replaced Arab control of the trade in ivory gold and slaves with their own. They traded up the Zambezi river and interfered with the existing inland African trade.

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How Was Columbus a hero?

Traditionally Christopher Columbus has been seen as a hero because of his role as an explorer facing harsh conditions and the unknown as he made his famous voyage. He wanted to forge a western path to the East Indies so that trade with those nations could be accomplished much more quickly.

Who was Christopher Columbus boss?

Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the ‘New World’ of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand of Spain in 1492.

What did Columbus discover?

the Americas
Explorer Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) is known for his 1492 ‘discovery’ of the New World of the Americas on board his ship Santa Maria. In actual fact Columbus did not discover North America.

Who dominated trade in the Indian Ocean?

Muslim merchants

But despite this diversity for the most part especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships although we will see that in the 15th century the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.

How did Europe first enter Indian Ocean trade?

The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. … European slave trade in the Indian Ocean began when Portugal established Estado da Índia in the early 16th century.

Who introduced spices to India?

The control of trade routes and the spice-producing regions were the main reasons that Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sailed to India in 1499. When da Gama discovered the pepper market in India he was able to secure peppers for a much cheaper price than the ones demanded by Venice.

Why did the leaders of the Netherlands give?

Why did the leaders of the Netherlands give so much power to the Dutch East India Company? control but it was very powerful for them to give sovereign powers to the Dutch East India company. They became very wealthy and had a lot of control. What about the Philippines made it a valuable asset for Spain?

Why did Spain want to control the islands?

Why did spain want to control the islands? Spain easily captured the Philippines because the Filipino’s were not united. Spain wanted to control the islands for trading reasons.

How did the Portuguese and Dutch build trading empires in Asia?

How did the Portuguese and Dutch build empires in the East? – Portugal used firepower to win control of the rich Indian Ocean spice trade. -In less than 50 years the Portuguese were not strong enough to conquer much territory on the land. – Within fifty years Spain had conquered and colonized the islands.

Who ruled the Dutch empire?

the Netherlands

The Dutch Empire. The Dutch Empire is the name given to the various territories controlled by the Netherlands from the 17th to the 20th century. The Netherlands reigned supreme during much of the 17th century which is known as Dutch Golden Age.

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When did the Dutch empire end?

In the 18th century the Dutch colonial empire began to decline as a result of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War of 1780–1784 in which the Netherlands lost a number of its colonial possessions and trade monopolies to the British Empire and the conquest of the wealthy Mughal Bengal at the Battle of Plassey.

Who colonized the Netherlands?

New Netherland founded in 1624 at Fort Orange (now Albany) by the Dutch West India Company was but one element in a wider program of Dutch expansion in the first half of the 17th century. In 1664 the English captured the colony of New Netherland …

Who is the first Filipino hero?


On April 27 1521 Lapu-Lapu together with the men of Mactan fought Magellan and the change he wanted to bring with the Spanish flag. Under the leadership of Lapu-Lapu Magellan and his men were successfully defeated. Today Lapu-Lapu is regarded as the first national hero of the Philippines.

What is the name of Philippines in the Bible?

Ophir (/ˈoʊfər/ Hebrew: אוֹפִיר‎ Modern: ʼŌfīr Tiberian: ʼŌp̄īr) is a port or region mentioned in the Bible famous for its wealth. King Solomon received a cargo from Ophir every three years (1 Kings 10:22) which consisted of gold silver sandalwood pearls ivory apes and peacocks.

Who is the king of limasawa?

On March 28 1521 while at sea they saw a bonfire which turned out to be Limasawa where they anchored. Blood compact: The island’s sovereign ruler was Rajah Siaiu. When Magellan and comrades set foot on the grounds of Limasawa he befriended the Rajah together with his brother Rajah Kulambu of Butuan.

Who discovered Spain?

Phoenicians Greeks and Carthaginians

By 1100 b.C. Phoenicians arrived to the peninsula and founded colonies the most important of which was Gadir (today’s Cadiz) Malaca (today’s Malaga) and Abdera (today’s Adra in Almeria). Also Greeks founded colonies in southern Spain and along the Mediterranean coast.

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