On A Cloudless Day What Happens To Most Of The Visible Light

Contents

What happens to the energy that the ground absorbed in the form of visible light?

What happens to the energy that the ground absorbs in the form of visible sunlight? It is returned upward in the form of infrared light.

What change happens to visible light once it hits the Earth’s surface?

Once visible light from the Sun reaches the surface of Earth it can either be reflected back towards space as visible light or be absorbed by the ground. Reflected light does not change the temperature of the surface while absorbed light causes the temperature of the surface to increase.

What happens to most of the incoming solar energy on Earth?

About 23 percent of incoming solar energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by water vapor dust and ozone and 48 percent passes through the atmosphere and is absorbed by the surface. Thus about 71 percent of the total incoming solar energy is absorbed by the Earth system.

What is the significance of the whitish glow around the shuttles tail?

What is the significance of the whitish glow around the Shuttle’s tail? It shows that Earth’s atmosphere still exists though thinly at this altitude.

Where does most of the energy come from that warms the Earth’s surface?

the sun

The heat source for our planet is the sun. Energy from the sun is transferred through space and through the earth’s atmosphere to the earth’s surface.

See also what is another name for the sun

In what forms does Earth return most of this energy to space?

Earth returns an equal amount of energy back to space by reflecting some incoming light and by radiating heat (thermal infrared energy). Most solar energy is absorbed at the surface while most heat is radiated back to space by the atmosphere.

What effects do clouds have on the visible light photons coming from the sun?

Clouds cool the Earth by reflecting incoming sunlight. The tiny drops or ice particles in clouds scatter between 20 and 90 percent of the sunlight that strikes them giving them their bright white appearance. From space clouds look bright whereas large bodies of water look dark.

Which layer of the atmosphere is most strongly affected by conditions on Earth’s surface?

the troposphere
Planetary boundary layer. The lower levels of the troposphere are usually strongly influenced by Earth’s surface. This sublayer known as the planetary boundary layer is that region of the atmosphere in which the surface influences temperature moisture and wind velocity through the turbulent transfer of mass.

Which forms of light are visible on the surface of the Earth?

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between roughly 400 and 700 nm is called visible light because these are the waves that human vision can perceive. This is also the band of the electromagnetic spectrum that most readily reaches Earth’s surface.

What happens to most solar radiation when it reaches the surface of the earth quizlet?

What happens to solar radiation after it reaches Earth? … – Nearly 70% of solar radiation is absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere and oceans and the rest is reflected back into space. The absorbed radiation is re-emitted as infrared radiation.

What happens to incoming solar radiation quizlet?

Less than one-quarter of incoming solar radiation is absorbed directly by the atmosphere. Nearly half of incoming radiation simply transmits through the atmosphere to Earth’s surface where it is absorbed warming the surface. … The angle at which rays from the Sun strike Earth’s surface.

Which of the following most affects the amount of solar radiation received on Earth?

The insolation (incoming solar energy) received on a daily basis depends primarily on 1) the angle of the Sun above the horizon (solar elevation angle solar incidence angle) 2) the length of time the surface is exposed to the Sun and 3) atmospheric conditions.

What would happen to Earth’s temperature if you painted the entire surface of the earth white?

What would happen to Earth’s temperature if you painted the entire surface of the Earth black? … Its temperature would not change.

What is the significance of the yellow lines on this map of Earth quizlet?

What is the significance of the yellow lines on this map of Earth? They represent boundaries between the plates that make up Earth’s lithosphere.

Why does increasing the amount a greenhouse gas increase the temperature of a planet?

The atmosphere today contains more greenhouse gas molecules so more of the infrared energy emitted by the surface ends up being absorbed by the atmosphere. Since some of the extra energy from a warmer atmosphere radiates back down to the surface Earth’s surface temperature rises.

What radiates more thermal energy?

Hotter objects emit more energy than they absorb and colder objects absorb more than they emit. ε is known as the emissivity.

What is most of the energy that heats Earth’s atmosphere?

Most of the energy that reaches the Earth’s surface comes from the Sun (Figure below). About 44% of solar radiation is in the visible light wavelengths but the Sun also emits infrared ultraviolet and other wavelengths.

What happens to the heat energy that reaches Earth from the Sun?

The energy that reaches the Earth’s surface (primarily visible light) is absorbed by the Earth. This increases the temperature of the Earth and then that absorbed energy is released as heat.

How does energy flow in and out of Earth’s atmosphere?

In the atmosphere greenhouse gas molecules absorb this thermal energy and their temperatures rise. After this absorption the gases radiate thermal energy back out in all directions. This thermal energy then radiates back out into space.

See also what is the primary component of venus’ atmosphere?

What happens to the flow of energy into the Earth system?

Energy is transferred from the sun to Earth via electromagnetic waves or radiation. Most of the energy that passes through the upper atmosphere and reaches Earth’s surface is in two forms visible and infrared light. … Once energy has been absorbed by the Earth system it is transformed and transferred.

What happens with the energy that enters the Earth’s atmosphere and to the surface?

About 23 percent of incoming solar energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by water vapor dust and ozone and 48 percent passes through the atmosphere and is absorbed by the surface. Thus about 71 percent of the total incoming solar energy is absorbed by the Earth system. … The remaining 48% is absorbed at the surface.

What happens to light in clouds?

As we saw in the laser demonstration cloud droplets and ice crystals are good scatters of light. Cloud droplets and ice crystals though are much larger than air molecules. Because of this they scatter all the colors in equal amounts. When white light strikes a cloud white light is scattered and reflected.

How do clouds affect daytime surface temperatures?

High-level feathery clouds help heat the planet during the day allowing sunlight to penetrate the surface and prevent heat from escaping. Meanwhile lower level clouds often reflect heat from the sun back into space and keep the surface temperatures cool.

How do clouds affect light?

Clouds are a kind of atmospheric factor that most effectively scatters the artificial light coming from the ground. Therefore they have the most significant impact on the brightness of the night sky.

Why is tropopause higher at the equator?

The troposphere is thicker over the equator than the poles because the equator is warmer. Heat differential on the planet’s surface causes convection currents to flow from the equator to the poles. … Thus the simple reason is thermal expansion of the atmosphere at the equator and thermal contraction near the poles.

What happens in the thermosphere layer?

In the upper thermosphere atomic oxygen (O) atomic nitrogen (N) and helium (He) are the main components of air. Much of the X-ray and UV radiation from the Sun is absorbed in the thermosphere. When the Sun is very active and emitting more high energy radiation the thermosphere gets hotter and expands or “puffs up”.

See also what does wind direction mean

Which layer of Earth’s atmosphere is most strongly affected by conditions on the sun’s surface Brainly?

The ozone layer sits in the stratosphere between 15 km and 30 km above the earth. It absorbs most of the sun’s ultraviolet radiation (UV-B) limiting the amount of this radiation that reaches the surface of the Earth.

How do we see visible light?

How do we “see” using Visible Light? Cones in our eyes are receivers for these tiny visible light waves. The Sun is a natural source for visible light waves and our eyes see the reflection of this sunlight off the objects around us. The color of an object that we see is the color of light reflected.

How do we see light on Earth?

Why white light is the strongest light?

A true white light will have equal intensity in the low-end and the high-end of the spectrum therefore more intensity on the high-end part than a yellowish light and will be more energetic.

What happens to most solar radiation when it reaches the surface?

The Earth absorbs most of the energy reaching its surface a small fraction is reflected. In total approximately 70% of incoming radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface while around 30% is reflected back to space and does not heat the surface.

What happens to solar radiation after it reaches the Earth How do greenhouse gases warm the lower atmosphere?

What is the fate of solar radiation after it reaches Earth? … After absorbing radiation emitted from the surface greenhouse gases re-emit infrared radiation. Some of this re-emitted energy is lost to space but most travels back downward warming the lower atmosphere and the surface (greenhouse effect).

What can happen to solar radiation when it enters Earth’s atmosphere it is increased by clouds?

When it reaches the Earth some is reflected back to space by clouds some is absorbed by the atmosphere and some is absorbed at the Earth’s surface. However since the Earth is much cooler than the Sun its radiating energy is much weaker (long wavelength) infrared energy. … Shortwave radiation from the sun.

What happens to most of the incoming solar energy?

About 23 percent of incoming solar energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by water vapor dust and ozone and 48 percent passes through the atmosphere and is absorbed by the surface. Thus about 71 percent of the total incoming solar energy is absorbed by the Earth system.

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