Oxygen Belongs To What Family

Oxygen Belongs To What Family?

Group 16

What is the family group of oxygen?

oxygen group element also called chalcogen any of the six chemical elements making up Group 16 (VIa) of the periodic classification—namely oxygen (O) sulfur (S) selenium (Se) tellurium (Te) polonium (Po) and livermorium (Lv).

What is the classification of oxygen?

Oxygen is classified as an element in the ‘non-metals’ section which can be located in groups 14 15 and 16 of the Periodic Table. Non-metallic elements exist at room temperature in two of the three states of matter: gases (Oxygen Hydrogen & Nitrogen) and solids (Carbon Phosphorus Sulfur and Selenium).

Is the oxygen family a metalloid?

Group 16 is called the oxygen group. Tellurium is the only metalloid in this group which also contains three nonmetals and one metal.

What is the oxygen family used for?

It is second to nitrogen as the most abundant element in the atmosphere. There are many commercial uses for oxygen gas which is typically obtained through fractional distillation. It is used in the manufacture of iron steel and other chemicals.

Where is the oxygen family?

Group 16

The oxygen family also called the chalcogens consists of the elements found in Group 16 of the periodic table and is considered among the main group elements. It consists of the elements oxygen sulfur selenium tellurium and polonium. These can be found in nature in both free and combined states.

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What does the oxygen group have in common?

group 16

Oxygen is in group 16 in the periodic table. All the elements in this group have in common the number of valence electrons in their outer shell (6 valence electrons). The only reason I can see that they may be considered “mixed” is because the group includes non metals and metalloids.

What are the characteristics of the oxygen family?

General Characteristics of the Oxygen Group Elements
  • Electronic Configuration. The elements of the oxygen family have six electrons in the outermost shell and have the general electronic configuration s ns2 np4. …
  • Atomic and Ionic Radii. …
  • Ionisation Enthalpies. …
  • Electronegativity. …
  • Electron Gain Enthalpy.

Is oxygen a mixture?

Natural oxygen is a mixture of three stable isotopes: oxygen-16 (99.759 percent) oxygen-17 (0.037 percent) and oxygen-18 (0.204 percent).

What industries use oxygen?

  • Aerospace & Aircraft. Our liquid oxygen has prepared and launched many bipropellant vehicles since the early 1960’s. …
  • Automotive & Transportation Equipment. …
  • Chemicals. …
  • Energy. …
  • Glass. …
  • Healthcare. …
  • Metal Production. …
  • Pharmaceutical & Biotechnology.

Which families contain metalloids?

Groups 13–16 of the periodic table contain one or more metalloids in addition to metals nonmetals or both. Group 13 is called the boron group and boron is the only metalloid in this group.

Why oxygen family is known as chalcogens?

The group VIA elements are called chalcogens because most ores of copper (Greek chalkos) are oxides or sulfides and such ores contain traces of selenium and tellurium. Atomic properties of the chalcogens are summarized in the table.

What group is CA in?

Group 2

calcium (Ca) chemical element one of the alkaline-earth metals of Group 2 (IIa) of the periodic table.

How is the oxygen family used in industry?

More than half of all the oxygen produced in the world goes into making steel. A large amount of pure oxygen is used by chemical manufacturing industries. Oxygen is also used to create rocket fuel and in the process of cutting metals. Pure oxygen is utilized to purify and treat hard or contaminated water.

What period does oxygen belong to?


Fact box
Group 16 −218.79°C −361.82°F 54.36 K
Period 2 −182.962°C −297.332°F 90.188 K
Block p 0.001308
Atomic number 8 15.999
State at 20°C Gas 16O

Is the oxygen family reactive?

Reactions and Compounds of Oxygen. As in groups 14 and 15 the lightest element in group 16 has the greatest tendency to form multiple bonds. Despite the strength of the O=O. bond (DO2 = 494 kJ/mol) O2 is extremely reactive reacting directly with nearly all other elements except the noble gases.

How can I remember the oxygen family?

Group 16 is known as the group of Chalcogens or Oxygen group. It includes Oxygen (O) Sulphur (S) Selenium (Se) Tellurium (Te) and the radioactive element Polonium (Po). Mnemonic for Group 16: Oh! Style Se Tel Polish.

What is the fluorine family name?

Any of the elements of the halogen family consisting of fluorine chlorine bromine iodine and astatine.

What do the elements in the oxygen family group 16 have in common?

The oxygen family consists of the elements that make up group 16 on the periodic table: oxygen sulfur selenium tellurium and polonium. These elements all have six electrons in their outermost energy level accounting for some common chemical properties among them.

Which family are the salt makers among the groups in the periodic table?

The Halogens

Group 17: The Halogens

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The term halogen derived from the Greek háls meaning “salt ” and genes meaning “producing ” was first applied to chlorine because of its tendency to react with metals to form salts.

What are 3 interesting facts about oxygen?

Here are 10 interesting facts about the element oxygen.
  • Animals and plants require oxygen for respiration. …
  • Oxygen gas is colorless odorless and tasteless. …
  • Liquid and solid oxygen is pale blue. …
  • Oxygen is a nonmetal. …
  • Oxygen gas normally is the divalent molecule O2. …
  • Oxygen supports combustion.

What type of mixture is saltwater?

homogenous mixture

A solution is a mixture that is the same or uniform throughout. Think of the example of salt water. This is also called a “homogenous mixture.” A mixture that is not a solution is not uniform throughout.

How is oxygen made artificially?

The most common commercial method for producing oxygen is the separation of air using either a cryogenic distillation process or a vacuum swing adsorption process. Nitrogen and argon are also produced by separating them from air. … This method is called electrolysis and produces very pure hydrogen and oxygen.

Which samples are mixtures?

Examples include a mixture of colored candies a box of toys salt and sugar salt and sand a basket of vegetables and a box of toys. Mixtures with two phases are always heterogeneous mixtures. Examples include ice in water salt and oil noodles in broth and sand and water.

What factory uses oxygen?

Oxygen has numerous uses in steelmaking and other metals refining and fabrication processes in chemicals pharmaceuticals petroleum processing glass and ceramic manufacture and pulp and paper manufacture. It is used for environmental protection in municipal and industrial effluent treatment plants and facilities.

Which industry uses maximum oxygen?

The steel industry is the largest consumer of oxygen and the Delhi High Court has asked the industry to divert oxygen to the medical industry. According to the Ministry of Steel about 28 oxygen plants in steel plants run by public and private companies are supplying about 1 500 tonnes of medical oxygen daily.

What is industrial oxygen?

Oxygen is used in industries in manufacturing plants for combustion oxidation cutting and various chemical reactions. The difference is that purity levels of industrial oxygen are not at par with medical oxygen. There can be impurities from the containers of industrial oxygen.

What are the periodic families?

On the periodic table there are families which are groups of elements with similar properties. These families are alkali metals alkaline earth metals transition metals post-transition metals metalloids halogens noble metals and noble gases.

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What are the metal families?

Families of metals include the alkali metals the alkaline-earth metals and the transition metals. The elements in Group 1 form a family called the alkali metals. Because their atoms have only one valence electron the alkali metals are very reactive.

Which family contains metals nonmetals and metalloids?

Groups 13–16 of the periodic table contain one or more metalloids in addition to metals nonmetals or both. Group 13 is called the boron group and boron is the only metalloid in this group. The other group 13 elements are metals. Group 14 is called the carbon group.

What group is fluorine and chlorine?

The Halogens

Group 7A (or VIIA) of the periodic table are the halogens: fluorine (F) chlorine (Cl) bromine (Br) iodine (I) and astatine (At). The name “halogen” means “salt former” derived from the Greek words halo- (“salt”) and -gen (“formation”).

Which family is called chalcogens?

oxygen family

The chalcogens (ore forming) (/ˈkælkədʒənz/ KAL-kə-jənz) are the chemical elements in group 16 of the periodic table. This group is also known as the oxygen family. It consists of the elements oxygen (O) sulfur (S) selenium (Se) tellurium (Te) and the radioactive element polonium (Po).

What group is chlorine in?

the halogens

Chlorine is in group 17 of periodic table also called the halogens and is not found as the element in nature – only as a compound.

What group is magnesium in?

Group 2

Fact box
Group 2 650°C 1202°F 923 K
Atomic number 12 24.305
State at 20°C Solid 24Mg
Electron configuration [Ne] 3s2 7439-95-4
ChemSpider ID 4575328 ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

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