Places Where The Seafloor Is Forced Under Continental Plates


Places Where The Seafloor Is Forced Under Continental Plates?

Plate tectonics
Question Answer
Zones place where the seafloor is forced under continental plates Subduction
And of the earth below the crust Mantle
The outermost solid proportion of the earth Crust
Paleontologist noticed that these were the same on different continents even though the continents are separated by ocean Fossil

What are the places where new seafloor is being created called?

Seafloor spreading or Seafloor spread is a process that occurs at mid-ocean ridges where new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and then gradually moves away from the ridge.

How does seafloor spreading support the continental drift theory?

Wegener proposed that the continents themselves move which is untrue. It is the tectonic plates that move. Sea floor spreading caused the break up of Pangea which prompted Wegener to add this in support of his continental drift theory.

What are formed when one part of the seafloor is forced under another part?

Trenches are formed by subduction a geophysical process in which two or more of Earth’s tectonic plates converge and the older denser plate is pushed beneath the lighter plate and deep into the mantle causing the seafloor and outermost crust (the lithosphere) to bend and form a steep V-shaped depression.

What effect does seafloor spreading have on the position of the continental plates?

Seafloor spreading creates new oceanic crust at a mid-ocean ridge. When this new material reaches the end of the plate and comes into contact with another plate whether continental or not a convergent or a transform boundary will occur.

What forces responsible for the movement of plates?

Heat and gravity are fundamental to the process

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Lithospheric plates are part of a planetary scale thermal convection system. The energy source for plate tectonics is Earth’s internal heat while the forces moving the plates are the “ridge push” and “slab pull” gravity forces.

What is the primary force that causes the seafloor to spread and continents to drift 17 letters?

Convection Currents

Convection Currents

Convection forms into currents that drive the tectonic plates either together or apart. The seafloor spreads along diverging boundaries but it also contracts along the converging boundaries as seafloor is pushed below the surface by two plates in collision with each other.

How did Harry Hess discover seafloor spreading?

Hess discovered that the oceans were shallower in the middle and identified the presence of Mid Ocean Ridges raised above the surrounding generally flat sea floor (abyssal plain) by as much as 1.5 km. … This created new seafloor which then spread away from the ridge in both directions.

What landform is found where seafloor spreading occurs?

mid-ocean ridges
Seafloor spreading occurs along mid-ocean ridges—large mountain ranges rising from the ocean floor. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge for instance separates the North American plate from the Eurasian plate and the South American plate from the African plate.Jun 8 2015

How do the land structures of Iceland help confirm seafloor spreading?

By the use of the sonar Hess was able to map the ocean floor and discovered the mid-Atlantic ridge (mid-ocean ridge). He also found out that the temperature near to the mid-Atlantic ridge was warmer than the surface away from it.

Where are the continental plates?

A continental plate is exemplified by the North American Plate which includes North America as well as the oceanic crust between it and a portion of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

What happens when continental and oceanic plates collide?

When an oceanic and a continental plate collide eventually the oceanic plate is subducted under the continental plate due to the high density of the oceanic plate. … As time goes on the hot magma rising upward from the subduction zone causes further compression of the mountain belt.

What is it called when one plate is pushed under another plate as they collide?

Plates Subduct. When an ocean plate collides with another ocean plate or with a plate carrying continents one plate will bend and slide under the other. This process is called subduction.

Where is the seafloor spreading the fastest?

East Pacific Rise

Some of our recent research involves hydrothermal and structural investigations along Earth’s fastest seafloor spreading center the 28°S–32°S East Pacific Rise. The fastest present-day seafloor spreading ~150 km/Myr occurs along the Pacific-Nazca boundary between the Easter and Juan Fernandez microplates.

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How are oceanic plates different from continental plates?

Oceanic plates are much thinner than the continental plates. … At the convergent boundaries the continental plates are pushed upward and gain thickness. The rocks and geological layers are much older on continental plates than in the oceanic plates. The Continental plates are much less dense than the Oceanic plates.

Where does the old crust move when the seafloor spreads?

During sea-floor spreading oceanic crust forms at the mid-ocean ridge. This crust gradually moves toward a subduction zone where old crust sinks beneath a trench. As sea-floor spreading occurs old oceanic plates sink into the mantle in the process of subduction. Subduction zones are near the edges of oceanic plates.

Which force occurs where Earth’s plates are moving apart?

The main driving force of plate tectonics is gravity. If a plate with oceanic lithosphere meets another plate the dense oceanic lithosphere dives beneath the other plate and sinks into the mantle.

Which location does gravity play a role in moving tectonic plates?

Though largely tangential plate motion has a vertical component downward from the ridge crest where the plate is generated to the deep-sea trench where the plate presumably plunges through the asthenosphere and mesosphere of the earth. Thus gravity generates an active driving component in the direction of motion.

What feature is found at a continental continental convergent plate boundary?

When two continental plates converge they smash together and create mountains. The amazing Himalaya Mountains are the result of this type of convergent plate boundary. The Appalachian Mountains resulted from ancient convergence when Pangaea came together.

Which force is responsible for seafloor spreading?

The motivating force for seafloor spreading ridges is tectonic plate slab pull at subduction zones rather than magma pressure although there is typically significant magma activity at spreading ridges.

Where does most geologic activity take place?

plate boundaries

Most of the Earth’s geologic activity takes place at plate boundaries. At a divergent boundary volcanic activity produces a mid ocean ridge and small earthquakes. At a convergent boundary with at least one oceanic plate an ocean trench a chain of volcanoes develops and many earthquakes occur.

Which plate boundary causes seafloor destroyed?

Seafloor spreading is when the sea floor spreads apart. This occurs at Divergent Boundaries. At which type of boundary is seafloor destroyed? The seafloor is destroyed at a COnvergent Boundary.

Is Alfred Wegener’s theory true?

Though most of Wegener’s observations about fossils and rocks were correct he was outlandishly wrong on a couple of key points. … Although Wegener’s “continental drift” theory was discarded it did introduce the idea of moving continents to geoscience.

Who mapped out the ocean floor in 1952?

Tharp and Heezen began mapping the individual ocean floors in 1952 but found obstacles in their way. The big one was invisibility: when it comes to mapping the ocean floor the sea gets in the way of seeing. The second obstacle was limited data.Dec 27 2014

What is Alfred Wegener theory?

In the early 20th century Wegener published a paper explaining his theory that the continental landmasses were “drifting” across the Earth sometimes plowing through oceans and into each other. He called this movement continental drift.

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Where does the ocean floor sink back into the mantle?

Subduction is the process by which the ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle.

Where is active seafloor spreading occurring today?

Where is active sea floor spreading occurring today? Seafloor spreading is the movement of old rock that is being pushed by the new young oceanic crust. This would be a divergent since the plates are separating from each other. Active seafloor spreading is occurring at mid-ocean ridges.

Where are the youngest rocks found in the ocean?

mid-ocean ridges

Scientists found that the youngest rocks are located at the mid-ocean ridges and the older rock is found far from mid-ocean ridges.

Why do you think geologists might find Iceland a useful place for studying seafloor spreading?

why might geologists find Iceland a useful place to conduct research on seafloor spreading? scientists suggest that differences in density cause hot plasticlike rock to be forced upward toward the surface cool and sink.

What is the name of the landmass through which the mid ocean ridge in the Atlantic Ocean passes where is it located?

What is the name of the landmass through which the Mid-Ocean Ridge in the Atlantic Ocean passes? Where is it located? Iceland is located in the Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland it is Europe’s western country it is the second largest island in the Atlantic Ocean.

How many continental plates are there?

There are seven major plates: African Antarctic Eurasian Indo-Australian North American Pacific and South American. The Hawaiian Islands were created by the Pacific Plate which is the world’s largest plate at 39 768 522 square miles.

Which plates are continental and oceanic?

The current continental and oceanic plates include: the Eurasian plate Australian-Indian plate Philippine plate Pacific plate Juan de Fuca plate Nazca plate Cocos plate North American plate Caribbean plate South American plate African plate Arabian plate the Antarctic plate and the Scotia plate.

Is Australian plate continental or oceanic?

The Australian plate is a continental plate and the Pacific plate is an oceanic plate. At this boundary the Pacific plate is slowly moving under the Australian plate.

What is happening where plate A and B meet if both are continental?

When two continental plates converge the result is the formation of large folded mountains. … The result is the Himalayan mountains. When two ocean plates meet a deep ocean trench results and parts of both plates are destroyed. Arcs of Ocean islands (often volcanic) are created by the collision.


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