The Open-Pit Mining Method Is Used When Large Coal Or Ore Deposits Are Found __________.

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The Open-pit Mining Method Is Used When Large Coal Or Ore Deposits Are Found __________.?

Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful ore or rocks are found near the surface. It is applied to ore or rocks found at the surface because the overburden is relatively thin or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for tunnelling (as would be the case for sand cinder and gravel).

What is the open pit method of mining?

Open-pit mining or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth such as long wall mining.

Where does open pit mining occur?

This surface mining technique is used when mineral or ore deposits are found relatively close to the surface of the earth. Open-pits are sometimes called ‘quarries’ when they produce building materials and dimension stone.

Is open pit mining used for coal?

Open pit mines can be used in coal mining and they are used extensively in “hard rock” mining for ores such as metal ores copper gold iron aluminum and many minerals.

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What minerals are mined in open pit mines?

Open-Pit Mining

Open-pit mines are commonly called quarries when they produce materials used in building: limestone granite and marble for example. These pit mines continue to be enlarged until there is no more ore to mine or the overburden becomes too heavy.

What is open pit mining used for?

Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful ore or rocks are found near the surface. It is applied to ore or rocks found at the surface because the overburden is relatively thin or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for tunnelling (as would be the case for sand cinder and gravel).

Why is open cut mining used?

Open cut is sometimes referred to as ‘strip mining’. It is commonly used in shallow near surface coal and mineral mines. It uses very large machinery (draglines shovels dump trucks) to move soil extract coal or other minerals and transport them for processing.

Which mining method is used to mine iron ore?

Open pit mining

Open pit mining is used to excavate iron ore that is close to the surface. The topsoil is removed and the ore is loosened by drilling and blasting.

How does open pit mining affect the environment?

Open-pit mining includes blasting of soil and vegetation to access underground ore layers or coal seams [17]. Consequently this method produces large volumes of mining waste including soil and overburden which increase the vulnerability of mining environments to soil erosion and pollution.

Why most open pit mining is converted into underground mining?

This transition from open-pit to underground begins when open-pit mines are exhausted or inaccessible meaning they have either been depleted of minerals rocks and resources or they are unfeasible to build upon.

What is open pit mining quizlet?

Open Pit Mining. -refers to a surface mining method where an ore body is extracted in increments to its economic depth. -generally massive ore bodies with large vertical extent near the surface. -waste usually removed from the pit and transported to an area outside pit limits.

What means open pit?

Definition of open-pit

US. : involving the removal of the surface of a large area of land to get at a mineral or other material that is near to the surface an open-pit mine.

What is conventional open pit mining?

Open-pit mining occurs on surface and is generally the cheapest way to extract ore. Open pits are designed and engineered to allow drilling and blasting of the orebody and of the waste rock around it. … The design also ensures that the slope of the pit walls is safe.

How is coal extracted from open pit mines?

The overburden is usually loaded into large trucks and removed to a waste area in the mine. The coal is then ‘stripped ’ usually after blasting using hydraulic excavators or loaders and removed from the mine using haulage trucks or conveyors.

How is coal extracted from an open cast mine?

Open-pit mines use draglines as well as truck and shovel operations to extract coal. A dragline excavator uses a dragline to pull a bucket by a wire cable. The operator lowers the bucket down to the coal deposit to be excavated.

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What does open pit mining look like?

How do iron ore deposits form quizlet?

These fluids often super-heated can leach out minerals and ions from the rocks through which they pass. As the fluids cool they deposit their minerals forming a hydrothermal deposit. … Iron ore deposits comes primarily from some of the world’s oldest known sedimentary rocks: banded iron formations.

What are the 3 methods of mining?

Open-pit underwater and underground mining. These are the three main methods of mining we use to extract our products from the ground. In this Digging Deeper article we take a look at these different methods and provide a glimpse into what each involves.

In which condition is open cast mining used?

Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful ore or rocks are found near the surface. It is applied to ore or rocks found at the surface because the overburden is relatively thin or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for tunnelling (as would be the case for sand cinder and gravel).

What is the difference between an open pit mine and an underground mine?

Open pit mining is a technique used to extract copper ore near the earth’s surface. … Underground mining is used when the copper ore is not near the earth’s surface. Miners dig a shaft into the ore deposit vertically or a horizontal tunnel (or adit) in order to do this.

What determines whether an open pit or a shaft mine is used?

2.3.

Other factors that may influence the decision about whether to mine using open pit or underground methods include the ore grade the geometry of the deposit other physical characteristics and site characteristics such as topography.

What is the difference between open cast mining and underground mining?

The underground method is suitable for extraction of deeper coal seams whereas opencast method is suitable for shallow coal seams. However due to less production cost mechanisation and less wastage opencast method dominates in India (93.26% of the total production in the financial year 2016-17).

What is subsurface mining quizlet?

subsurface mining. Extraction of a metal ore or fuel resource from a deep underground deposit. surface mining. Removing soil subsoil and other strata and then extracting a mineral deposit found fairly close to Earth’s surface.

What is the process of extraction of coal?

Surface coal mining generally involves the following sequence of unit operations: (1) clearing the land of trees and vegetation (2) removing and storing the top layers of the unconsolidated soil (topsoil) (3) drilling the hard strata over the coal seam (4) fragmenting or blasting the hard strata with explosives (5) …

How is coal extracted and used?

Coal can be extracted from the earth either by surface mining or underground mining. Once coal has been extracted it can be used directly (for heating and industrial processes) or to fuel power plants for electricity. If coal is less than 61 meters (200 feet) underground it can be extracted through surface mining.

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What are the methods for mining coal?

Surface mining and deep underground mining are the two basic methods of mining. The choice of mining method depends primarily on depth density overburden and thickness of the coal seam seams relatively close to the surface at depths less than approximately 55 m (180 ft) are usually surface mined.

What machines are used in coal mining?

Construction and Mining Equipment
  • Excavators.
  • Backhoe loaders.
  • Loaders.
  • Skid steer loaders.
  • Dumpers.
  • Bulldozers.
  • Motor graders.
  • Road rollers.

What type of mineral ore deposit is shown in this image quizlet?

c. Underground coal mining is dangerous because of possible tunnel collapse and possible methane gas explosions. d. Strip mining can be done economically down to a depth of about 1 km.

Which is a major iron ore quizlet?

Galena is the principal ore of iron.

What is the principal source of iron being mined today?

Among these are hematite magnetite limonite and siderite which are the principal sources of iron chalcopyrite bornite and chalcocite the principal sources of copper and sphalerite and galena the principal sources respectively of zinc and lead.

What is the mining methods?

There are four main mining methods: underground open surface (pit) placer and in-situ mining. … Surface mines are typically used for more shallow and less valuable deposits. Placer mining is used to sift out valuable metals from sediments in river channels beach sands or other environments.

What is mining and different methods of mining?

There are four main methods of mining: underground surface placer and in-situ. The type of mining method used depends on the kind of resource that is being targeted for extraction the deposit’s location below or on the Earth’s surface and the capacity of each method to profitably extract the resource.

How does underground coal mining work?

Underground mining involves opening one or more portals or shafts into the earth that follow or intercept coal seams that are too deep for surface mining methods. … As the ‘room’ is mined large ‘pillars’ of coal are left behind to support the weight of the overburden and rock layers above.

What is open pit mining Class 8?

Open Cast Mining: When minerals are taken out by removing the surface layer the process is called open-cast mining. Minerals which lie at shallow depths are extracted by this process. … Quarrying: When minerals are simply dug out from near the surface the process is called quarrying.

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