What 2 Elements Make Up The Sun


What 2 Elements Make Up The Sun?

Despite the controversy everyone agrees on the basics: The sun consists mainly of hydrogen and helium the two lightest elements.Jul 1 2020

What 2 elements make up most of the sun’s mass?

The sun is mostly composed of the elements hydrogen (H) and helium (He).

What elements are formed on the sun?

The sun is a big ball of gas and plasma. Most of the gas — 92% — is hydrogen. It is converted into energy in the sun’s core.

Abundance of elements.
Element Abundance (pct. of total number of atoms) Abundance (pct. of total mass)
Hydrogen 91.2 71.0
Helium 8.7 27.1
Oxygen 0.078 0.97
Carbon 0.043 0.40

What 2 elements make up most of the sun’s mass quizlet?

What 2 elements make up most of the Sun’s mass? Helium and hydrogen.

What makes the sun hot?

The core of the sun is so hot and there is so much pressure nuclear fusion takes place: hydrogen is changed to helium. Nuclear fusion creates heat and photons (light). The sun’s surface is about 6 000 Kelvin which is 10 340 degrees Fahrenheit (5 726 degrees Celsius).

What 5 elements make up the Sun?

The Sun is a huge glowing sphere of hot gas. Most of this gas is hydrogen (about 70%) and helium (about 28%). Carbon nitrogen and oxygen make up 1.5% and the other 0.5% is made up of small amounts of many other elements such as neon iron silicon magnesium and sulfur.

How are photons created in the Sun?

Fusion occurs in the sun’s innermost core when two atoms merge releasing energy and light in the process. Photons of light are first created in the sun’s center. Over tens of thousands of years the photons travel a “drunken walk ” zigzagging their way from atom to atom until they reach the surface.

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What two chemical elements is the Sun chiefly made of quizlet?

Describe the main differences between the composition of Earth and that of the Sun. The Sun is composed primarily of hydrogen and helium and its elements exist in the form of gases because of this hot temperature. Earth in contrast is made mostly of heavier elements and includes many in liquid and solid form.

What is the chemical composition of the Sun quizlet?

The Sun is mostly composed of hydrogen and helium. By mass the composition of the Sun is 75% hydrogen and 25% helium.

What is part of the Sun’s atmosphere?

The sun’s atmosphere is made up of several layers mainly the photosphere the chromosphere and the corona.

How does sun make light?

The Sun produces light by a nuclear reaction called fusion. As atoms of hydrogen combine to form helium they produce vast amounts of heat and light. … The central core of the sun where heat and light are produced has a temperature of 15 million degrees.

Is the sun on fire?

Though pictures of the sun sure look fiery the sun isn’t on fire the way you might think as when paper burns. … The sun is carrying out a much different process called nuclear fusion. Each second the sun converts 700 000 000 tons of the element hydrogen into 695 000 000 tons of the element helium.

Will the sun explode?

Scientists have conducted a lot of researches and study to estimate that the Sun is not going to explode for another 5 to 7 billion years. When the Sun does cease to exist it will first expand in size and use up all the hydrogen present at its core and then eventually shrink down and become a dying star.

What layer of the Sun are photons created?


Generated by nuclear fusion within the Sun’s core the photons first enter the dense radiative zone that makes up the inner two-thirds of the Sun’s radius. The photons are repeatedly scattered by atomic nuclei and after perhaps a million years they reach the outer third of the Sun known as the convection layer.

Where is light created in the Sun?

Fusion occurs in the sun’s innermost core when two atoms merge releasing energy and light in the process. Photons of light are first created in the sun’s center. Over tens of thousands of years the photons travel a “drunken walk ” zigzagging their way from atom to atom until they reach the surface.Oct 4 2012

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What is Photon made up of?

A photon is a tiny particle that comprises waves of electromagnetic radiation. … Photons have no charge no resting mass and travel at the speed of light. Photons are emitted by the action of charged particles although they can be emitted by other methods including radioactive decay.

What is the process that generates energy in the sun?

nuclear fusion

The sun generates energy in its core in a process called nuclear fusion. During nuclear fusion the sun’s extremely high pressure and hot temperature cause hydrogen atoms to come apart and their nuclei (the central cores of the atoms) to fuse or combine.

What are two sources of particles coming from the sun that cause space weather?

The sun is the main source of space weather. Sudden bursts of plasma and magnetic field structures from the sun’s atmosphere called coronal mass ejections (CME) together with sudden bursts of radiation or solar flares all cause space weather effects here on Earth.

What type of star is the sun?


What is most similar to the Sun in terms of composition?

The two largest planets Jupiter and Saturn have nearly the same chemical makeup as the Sun they are composed primarily of the two elements hydrogen and helium with 75% of their mass being hydrogen and 25% helium.

What is the ultimate source of energy that makes the Sun shine?

Nuclear fusion reactions in the Sun. The ultimate source of the Sun’s energy is nuclear fusion in its core. The intense pressures and searing temperatures at the Sun’s core are fusing together the nuclei of the most abundant element in the Universe hydrogen to form nuclei of the second most abundant element helium.

What makes neutrinos so different from other particles of matter?

What makes neutrinos so different from other particles of matter? a. … They interact very strongly with other particles.

What is the current composition of the Sun’s core?

Due to fusion the composition of the solar plasma drops from 68–70% hydrogen by mass at the outer core to 34% hydrogen at the core/Sun center. The core inside 0.20 of the solar radius contains 34% of the Sun’s mass but only 0.8% of the Sun’s volume.

What is light made of?

Light is made of particles called photons bundles of the electromagnetic field that carry a specific amount of energy.

How is light produced?

Light is made up of little packets of energy called photons. Most of these photons are produced when the atoms in an object heat up. … This extra energy is then released as a photon. The hotter an object gets the more photons it gives out.

How is light created chemistry?

As an object gets hot its atoms and molecules vibrate. As they vibrate they release energy in the form of light. … In chemiluminescence energy from a chemical reaction excites the electrons of a substance. When the electrons release the energy it’s in the form of light of a particular colour.

Does it rain on sun?

Compared to rain on Earth plasma rain on the sun is millions of degrees Fahrenheit hotter. Also plasma which is an electrically charged gas doesn’t pool like water on Earth. Instead the plasma traces the magnetic field lines or loops that emerge from the sun’s surface according to the statement.

Does the Sun have lava?

At its surface (called the “photosphere”) the sun’s temperature is a whopping 10 000° F! That’s about five times hotter than the hottest lava on Earth. … A temperature of 27 million degrees Fahrenheit is more than 12 000 times hotter than the hottest lava on Earth!

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Is the Sun Fire or plasma?

The Sun is our nearest star. It is as all stars are a hot ball of gas made up mostly of Hydrogen. The Sun is so hot that most of the gas is actually plasma the fourth state of matter. The first state is a solid and it is the coldest state of matter.

How much longer will the Earth last?

By that point all life on Earth will be extinct. The most probable fate of the planet is absorption by the Sun in about 7.5 billion years after the star has entered the red giant phase and expanded beyond the planet’s current orbit.

What if the Sun turned into a black hole?

What if the Sun turned into a black hole? The Sun will never turn into a black hole because it is not massive enough to explode. Instead the Sun will become a dense stellar remnant called a white dwarf.

What will happen 5 billion years from now?

Five billion years from now the sun will have grown into a red giant star more than 100 times larger than its current size. It will also experience an intense mass loss through a very strong stellar wind. The end product of its evolution 7 billion years from now will be a tiny white dwarf star.

What is a photon in the Sun?

The energy produced by nuclear fusion is conveyed from the heart of the Sun by light particles and heat called photons. When merging two protons in a nucleus of deuterium to create a helium nucleus photons are released. This particle created in the solar core transmits the light beam to Earth.

What is energy made up of?

Energy is not made of anything energy is a term used to describe a trait of matter and non-matter fields. When matter has velocity for example it is said to havekinetic energy. There are also various forms of potential energy.

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