What Are The Dark Spots On The Moon Called

What Are The Dark Spots On The Moon Called?

The surface of the Moon is covered in huge dark spots visible from Earth even with the naked eye. These patches are known as maria – a Latin word meaning ‘seas’.

Why are there dark spots on the Moon?

The dark areas are young plains called maria and are composed of basalt. The basalt flowed in and flooded the area created by a huge impact with an asteroid or comet. The light areas are the highlands which are mountains that were uplifted as a result of impacts.

What are the dark spots on the Moon called How were they formed?

The dark spots on the lunar surface are actually craters of varying sizes that formed due to collisions from celestial bodies such as comets meteorites and asteroids in the past which left large excavated holes after the impact.

What is the largest dark spot on the Moon called?

the Ocean of Storms
The largest dark spot on the moon known as the Ocean of Storms may be a scar from a giant cosmic impact that created a magma sea more than a thousand miles wide and several hundred miles deep researchers say.Oct 29 2012

What are the circles on the Moon?

The ring or a lunar halo is caused by the refraction and reflection of light from ice crystals that are suspended in thin wispy cirrus or cirrostratus clouds that are at high altitudes. As light passes through the ice crystals it is bent at a 22-degree angle creating a halo of 22 degrees.

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Are there lava tubes on the Moon?

Lunar lava tubes are lava tubes on the Moon formed during the eruption of basaltic lava flows. … Lunar lava tubes are formed on sloped surfaces that range in angle from 0.4° to 6.5°. These tubes may be as wide as 500 metres (1 600 ft) before they become unstable against gravitational collapse.

What is the Moon dark side?

The ‘dark side’ of the Moon refers to the hemisphere of the Moon that is facing away from the Earth. In reality it is no darker than any other part of the Moon’s surface as sunlight does in fact fall equally on all sides of the Moon.

What are two of the Maria’s names?

Maria and Oceanus
Latin Name English Name Lat.
Mare Tranquillitatis Sea of Tranquility 8.5° N
Mare Undarum Sea of Waves 6.8° N
Mare Vaporum Sea of Vapors 13.3° N
Oceanus Procellarum Ocean of Storms 18.4° N

What is the only sport to have been played on the Moon?


What was the first sport played on the moon? That would be golf. In 1971 Apollo 14 astronaut Alan Shepard swung a makeshift 6-iron on the moon’s surface — and missed the ball. His second swing however connected and the golf ball went flying “miles and miles and miles ” as Shepard put it after his swing.

What are the straight lines ejected out of an impact crater called?

Look carefully at the full moon and you’ll see bright skinny streaks extending from large lunar craters. These are ejecta rays spoke-like lines that seem to shoot from the circular impact site a vivid testament to ancient explosions.

What are oceans on the Moon called?

The lunar maria (/ˈmɑːriə/ singular: mare /ˈmɑːreɪ/) are large dark basaltic plains on Earth’s Moon formed by ancient volcanic eruptions. They were dubbed maria Latin for ‘seas’ by early astronomers who mistook them for actual seas.

Have we explored the dark side of the moon?

The Apollo 8 astronauts were the first humans to see the far side in person when they orbited the Moon in 1968. All manned and unmanned soft landings had taken place on the near side of the Moon until 3 January 2019 when the Chang’e 4 spacecraft made the first landing on the far side.

What will be the weight of a person on moon?

Your weight on the Moon is 16.5% what you would experience on Earth. In other words if you weighed 100 kg on Earth you would weigh a mere 16.5 kg on the Moon. For you imperial folks imagine you tipped the scales at 200 pounds. Your weight on the Moon would only be 33 pounds.

What is a moon bath?

Moon bathing is like sunbathing. Literally: sit lay down or sprawl out in your preferred position beneath the moon light. You can do it naked or clothed. You can take a walk in moonlight. Basically it is consciously exposing yourself to moonlight — sometimes with an intention or ritual or to just soak up her light.

What is a moon with a halo called?

Known as a moon ring a winter halo or a 22-degree halo it’s when “ice crystals suspended high above in thin wispy cirrus clouds refract the moon’s light to form a perfect circle ” Meteorologist Drew Tuma says.

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Are moon halos rare?

A rare lunar halo

Most halos around the sun or moon are common 22-degree halos. They’re caused by ice crystals in the upper air.

Are there caves on the Moon?

But that trip did get at least one aspect correct: There are caves on the moon. … Many Earth caves are formed from erosion which is a nonstarter on a moon without air or running water. Instead lunar caves are borne from volcanoes. When hot lava erupts onto a much colder surface it’s the outside that chills first.

Does the Moon have cavities?

Subsurface cavities created by lava on Mars and the Moon could provide a shield against cosmic radiation new research suggests. Researchers at the Universities of Bologna and Padua studied the subsurface cavities that lava created underground on Mars and the Moon. These cavities can shield from cosmic radiation.

Are there underground tunnels on the Moon?

The researchers compared underground lava tunnels on Earth to those found on the Moon and Mars. … They found that while these tunnels stretch across 10 to 30 meters in diameter on Earth they could reach up to 800 meters in diameter beneath the surface of the Moon.

Who is the last human stepped on the Moon?


During the Apollo 17 mission Cernan became the eleventh man to walk on the Moon. As he re-entered the Apollo Lunar Module after Harrison Schmitt on their third and final lunar excursion he is the last man to walk on the Moon as of 2021.

Does NASA have a base on the Moon?

NASA has plans of its own to build infrastructure on the Moon with the planned Artemis Base Camp that would support future crewed missions. The plan is to send humans to the Moon in 2024 before sending more crew to the Moon around once per year.

What if the Moon hit the Earth?

Once the Moon began it’s trajectory towards the planet it would increase the tidal impact it has on us. By the time it hit the Roche limit it would be causing tides as high as 7 600 meters (30 000 feet). Our world would be devastated by an army of tsunamis – ten times a day.

How many mares are on the moon?

There are about 20 major areas of this type most of them—including the largest ones—located on the side of the Moon that always faces Earth.

What Maria means?

of the sea

Maria is a historically feminine name of Latin origin. It can be translated to either mean “of the sea ” “bitter ” “beloved ” or “rebellious.” In some cultures it’s also considered to be a variation for the name Mary. Maria is also a feminine variation for the Roman name Marius.

Are the lunar highlands older than the Maria?

Compared to geology of the Lunar Highlands: ● Lunar highlands have more impact craters than the mare. So the highlands are older. They are the same age as the highlands because both features were formed by the hardening of lava.

Why golf is played on moon?

Hope took his golf club everywhere according to the USGA and Shepard was inspired to do a quick golf session on the moon to demonstrate the moon’s gravitational pull which is one-sixth that of Earth according to NASA.

What 2 sports were on the moon?

Golf is one of the two only sports to be played on the moon. On February 6 1971 astronaut and golfer Alan Shepard turned the Apollo 14 landing site into a driving range performing a one-handed swing with a six-iron sending the ball flying through the moon’s low-gravity atmosphere.

What sport is described as the beautiful game?


Football is played worldwide by more than 1. 5 m teams and 300 000 clubs. An amazing eight out of ten people in the world watch the World Cup. It is as the great Brazilian footballer Pelé described it ‘the beautiful game’.

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What cratering means?

intransitive verb. 1 : to exhibit or form craters. 2 : to fail or fall suddenly and dramatically : collapse crash the deal cratered cratering stock prices. transitive verb. : to form craters in.

Is there a fault line on the Moon?

As the moon’s interior cools it shrinks which causes its hard surface to crack and form fault lines according to research sponsored by NASA. The moon has gotten about 150 feet skinnier over the last few hundred million years. … The space agency has also recorded evidence of fault lines in a series of images.

Why does the Moon have straight lines?

So what is the most likely explanation? The researchers think that they are most probably due to impacts from dust-sized material with low enough mass and velocity to form long linear streaks while being deposited onto Dione’s surface rather than forming craters.

How old is Grimaldi crater?

3.9 billion years

Grimaldi is very ancient and belongs to the pre-Nectarian period so that its age cannot be less than 3.9 billion years. The inner wall about 140km across has been so damaged that it has been reduced to irregular hills ridges and peaks though in places there are peaks rising to at least 2km.

What is the largest maria in Moon?

The irregular maria lie in lowlands. The largest of these is Oceanus Procellarum which lies on the west side of the Moon and is almost 2 km below nominal mean lunar radius. Mare filling is characterized by several distinctive features that indicate a volcanic origin.

Does the Moon rotate?

The moon does rotate on its axis. One rotation takes nearly as much time as one revolution around Earth. … Over time it has slowed down because of the effect of Earth’s gravity. Astronomers call this a “tidally locked” state because it will now remain at this speed.

The Real Reason Moon Has These Dark Spots

What are the dark spots on the Moon? | Natural History Museum

What are the dark spots on the moon called

What are dark spots on the moon called?

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