What Are The Three Main Mountain Ranges In India

What Are The Three Main Mountain Ranges In India?

The Himalayas consist of three parallel ranges the Greater Himalayas known as the Himadri the Lesser Himalayas called the Himachal and the Shivalik hills which comprise the foothills. Mount Everest at a height of 8848m is the highest peak followed by the Kanchanjunga at 8598 m.

What are India’s three mountain ranges?

Here’s a list of the seven prominent Mountain Ranges of India.
  1. The Himalaya Range. …
  2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range. …
  3. Eastern Mountain Range or The Purvanchal Range. …
  4. The Satpura and Vindhaya Range. …
  5. The Aravalli Range. …
  6. The Western Ghats. …
  7. The Eastern Ghats.

What are the top 3 mountain ranges?

The 10 Highest Mountain Ranges in the World
  1. Himalayas. The Himalayas with the Mount Everest in the center. …
  2. Karakoram. The K2 within the Karakoram mountain range. …
  3. Hindu Kush. …
  4. Pamir Mountains. …
  5. Daxue Mountains. …
  6. Kakshaal Too. …
  7. Kunlun Mountains. …
  8. Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains.

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What is India’s major mountain range?

50 Highest Peaks of India
Sl no Mountain Range
1 Kangchenjunga Kangchenjunga Himalaya
2 Nanda Devi Garhwal Himalaya
3 Kamet Garhwal Himalaya
4 Saltoro Kangri/K10 Saltoro Karakoram

How many mountains are in India?

There are major seven Mountain ranges in India and those are the Himalaya Aravalli Eastern Ghats Nilgiri Shivalik Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges.

List of Mountains in India.
S.No. Name of the Mountain State Name
7 Saltoro Kangri / K10 Ladakh
8 Saser Kangri III Ladakh
9 Saser Kangri II E Ladakh
10 Jongsong Peak Sikkim

What are the 3 ranges of Himalayas?

The Himalayas consist of three parallel ranges the Greater Himalayas known as the Himadri the Lesser Himalayas called the Himachal and the Shivalik hills which comprise the foothills. Mount Everest at a height of 8848m is the highest peak followed by the Kanchanjunga at 8598 m.

Which are the three main ranges of the Himalayas explain?

Three major geographical entities the Himadri (greater Himalaya) Himanchal (lesser Himalaya) and the Shiwaliks (outer Himalaya) extend almost uninterrupted throughout its length and are separated by major geological fault lines.

What is highest mountain range?


The Himalaya is the world’s highest mountain range home to all fourteen peaks over 8 000m including Everest and K2. Himalaya means “abode of snow” with an estimated 15 000 glaciers throughout the range.

What’s the biggest mountain range?

The mid-ocean ridge is the longest mountain range on Earth.

The longest mountain range on Earth is called the mid-ocean ridge. Spanning 40 389 miles around the globe it’s truly a global landmark. About 90 percent of the mid-ocean ridge system is under the ocean.

Which is the third highest mountain in the world?


Kanchenjunga also spelled Kangchenjunga or Kinchinjunga Nepali Kumbhkaran Lungur world’s third highest mountain with an elevation of 28 169 feet (8 586 metres).

What are the three main regions in India?

India’s total land mass is 2 973 190 square kilometers and is divided into three main geological regions: the Indo-Gangetic Plain the Himalayas and the Peninsula region.

What are the two mountain ranges in southern India?

Ghats two mountain ranges forming the eastern and western edges respectively of the Deccan plateau of peninsular India. The two ranges run roughly parallel to the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea coasts respectively from which they are separated by strips of fairly level coastal land.

Which mountain range in India is called Blue mountains?

Phawngpui (Pron: /ˌpʰɔ:ŋˈpʊɪ/) also known as Blue Mountain is the highest mountain peak in the Mizo Hills (Lushai Hills) and in the state of Mizoram India with an elevation of 2157 m. It is in Lawngtlai district in the southeastern region of Mizoram near the Myanmar border.

Which are the mountain ranges in central and southern India?

In central India we have Satpura and Vindhya Range that separates northern and southern India. Going west we have Aravalli Mountain Range which is the oldest mountains in India. Going further south we have Western and Eastern Ghats mountain ranges that separate coastal plains on either side.

Which is the smallest mountain of India?

Overlooking the Vale of Kashmir Haramukh rises to 16 872 feet (5 143 metres) and is located some 22 miles (35 km) north of Srinagar.

Why is K2 called K2?

The mountain was discovered in 1856 by Col. T.G. Montgomerie of the Survey of India and it was given the symbol K2 because it was the second peak measured in the Karakoram Range. The name Mount Godwin Austen is for the peak’s first surveyor Col. H.H. Godwin Austen a 19th-century English geographer.

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Which is the highest of the three ranges?

Himadri– the highest ranges also known as the greater Himalayas. Answer: The three ranges of Himalayan are Himadri Himachal and Shivalik.

How many mountains are there in Himalayas?

The Himalayas include the highest mountains in the world with more than 110 peaks rising to elevations of 24 000 feet (7 300 metres) or more above sea level.

What are the northern mountains of India?

The Himalayas

Ans- The Himalayas the Karakoram Mountains and the North eastern mountain ranges together form the Northern mountains .

What is the difference between three longitudinal ranges of Himalayas?

a) The northern most range is known as Lesser or Middle Himalaya or the Himachal. b) Altitude varies between 3700to 4500m and average width is 50m. c) The Pir Panjal range forms the longest and the most important range. … The longitudinal valley lying between lesser himalaya and shiwaliks are known as duns.

What are the three parallel ranges of the Himalayas describe the characteristics of each?

Complete answer: The three parallel ranges of the Himalaya mountains are Himadri (Great Himalayas or Inner Himalayas) Himachal (Lesser Himalayas) Shiwaliks (Outer Himalayas): Himadri (Great Himalayas or Inner Himalayas)- It is the most nonstop and continuous range of the Himalayas.

What are the ranges of Himalayas Brainly?

The three ranges of Himalayan are Himadri Himachal and Shivalik.

Which state has most mountains in India?

Rank States Peak
1 Sikkim Kangchenjunga (shared with Nepal)
2 Uttarakhand Nanda Devi
3 Arunachal Pradesh Kangto (shared with China)
4 Himachal Pradesh Reo Purgyil (shared with China)

How many major mountain ranges are there in the world?

Six Major Mountain Ranges
Six Major Mountain Ranges The Himalayas are the grandest and tallest mountains in the world.Feb 20 2020

Can you name a mountain range?

Major ranges

The Andes is 7 000 kilometres (4 350 mi) long and is often considered the world’s longest mountain system. … Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera the Urals the Appalachians the Scandinavian Mountains the Great Dividing Range the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains.

Where is Mount Everest?

Mount Everest is a peak in the Himalaya mountain range. It is located between Nepal and Tibet an autonomous region of China. At 8 849 meters (29 032 feet) it is considered the tallest point on Earth. In the nineteenth century the mountain was named after George Everest a former Surveyor General of India.

Which is the second highest mountain of India?

Nanda Devi

Most notably these include Nanda Devi (25 646 feet [7 817 metres]) which is the second highest peak in India Kamet (25 446 feet [7 756 metres]) and Badrinath (23 420 feet [7 138 metres]).

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Which is the highest hill in India?

Kanchenjunga peak

With a height of over 8.5 thousand meters above sea level the Kanchenjunga peak is the tallest mountain in India. It borders Nepal and India and has five peaks.

Highest mountains in India as of 2017 by elevation (in meters above sea level)
Characteristic Altitude in meters above sea level

Which is the highest peak in India answer?


-Option A: Kanchenjunga is a mountain peak and lies between Sikkim India and Nepal. It is the third highest peak in the world with an elevation of 8 586 m. It is the highest peak in India.

What are the three major land regions of the Indian subcontinent?

Land Regions

India has three main land divisions: the Himalaya mountain system in the north the Gangetic Plain of the Indus Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers and the peninsula of southern India.

What are the three different regions?

Geographers have identified three types of regions: formal functional and vernacular.

What are the five main regions of India?

When choosing where to visit it’s easiest to divide the country into distinct regions: North West South East & Northeast and Central India.

What 2 mountain ranges run along the western and eastern coasts of India?

The Eastern Ghats extend along India’s east coast. The Western Ghats extend along the west coast. When seen from above these two mountain ranges form a large “V” around the Deccan Plateau. The Western Ghats are higher than the Eastern Ghats.

Which mountain range is situated in the west of India?

The Western Ghats
The Western Ghats is a mountain range that covers an area of 160 000 km2 (62 000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1 600 km (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula traversing the states of Karnataka Goa Maharashtra Gujarat Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

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