What Caused The Aztec Empire To Fall


What Caused The Aztec Empire To Fall?

Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards the Aztecs now led by Cuauhtemoc finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August 1521 CE.Jul 4 2016

What caused the downfall of the Aztec empire?

There were many factors involved that led to the great fall of the Aztec empire. The four major factors that were obvious to the downfall of the Aztecs was the bloody sacrifices religion diseases and the Spanish tactics used against the Aztecs.…

What weakened the Aztec empire?


The Aztecs were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish brought such as smallpox influenza and malaria. Over time around 80 percent of the people living in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases.

Who destroyed the Aztec empire?

Hernán Cortés

Between 1519 and 1521 Hernán Cortés and a small band of men brought down the Aztec empire in Mexico and between 1532 and 1533 Francisco Pizarro and his followers toppled the Inca empire in Peru.

Who is the most responsible for the fall of the Aztec empire?

Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city. Cortés’s victory destroyed the Aztec empire and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain.

What were the 4 reason why the Aztecs were conquered by the Spanish?

The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire the tactical advantages of Spanish technology and smallpox.

How were Aztec wiped out?

Fall of the Aztec Empire

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The Aztecs were conquered by Spain in 1521 after a long siege of the capital Tenochtitlan where much of the population died from hunger and smallpox.

When did the Aztec Empire rise and fall?

The Aztec Empire (c. 1345-1521) covered at its greatest extent most of northern Mesoamerica. Aztec warriors were able to dominate their neighbouring states and permit rulers such as Montezuma to impose Aztec ideals and religion across Mexico.

What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?

By August of 1521 the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. The Aztec lands were renamed “New Spain” and the colonization process began. Conquistadors were replaced by bureaucrats and colonial officials and Mexico would be a Spanish colony until it began its fight for independence in 1810.

What was the effect of the Spanish on the Aztec Empire?

The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. They introduced the Aztecs to domestic animals sugar grains and European farming practices. Most significantly the Spanish ended the Aztec’s practice of human sacrifice.

Did any Aztecs survive?

By the 1500s they had not only survived but managed to prevail and they were taking no chances of being forced to go backwards. They used their brains and their brawn to defeat their neighbors — first the other ethnic groups in the central basic of Mexico and then much farther afield.

Which best explains the fall of the empire of the Aztecs?

Which is the best explanation for the fall of the Aztec Empire? Aztec enemies allied themselves with Spanish invaders. … Which two events weakened the Inca Empire prior to the Spanish conquest?

What killed the Aztecs?

Smallpox took its toll on the Aztecs in several ways. First it killed many of its victims outright particularly infants and young children.

How did the Spanish defeat the Aztec Empire?

During the Spaniards’ retreat they defeated a large Aztec army at Otumba and then rejoined their Tlaxcaltec allies. In May 1521 Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán and after a three-month siege the city fell. This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire.

When did the Aztec Empire rise?

The rise of the Aztec empire really began in 1150 with the fall of the Toltec empire. The Toltecs had established their state in Tula which was to the north of what would become Tenochtitlan. Their empire spread through most of central Mexico.

How did the Aztecs rise to power quizlet?

How did the Aztecs rise to power? The Aztecs rose to power by war.

How did Spanish conquest affect Mexico?

Cortez’s men destroyed the city killed thousands of Aztecs and ushered in centuries of Spanish rule. … They also introduced the Spanish language to an area with a variety of indigenous languages most notably Nahuatl the official language of the Aztec empire.

How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?

Fall of Tenochtitlan
Casualties and losses
450–860 Spanish 20 000 Tlaxcaltecs 100 000 killed in action 300 war canoes sunk At least 40 000 Aztecs civilians killed and captured other sources claim 100 000 to 240 000 were killed in the campaign overall including warriors and civilians

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How did the Aztecs change the world?

The Aztecs were a prominent influence on the world in which we live today. … With their court structures and judges the Aztecs had an incredibly sophisticated justice system. This is demonstrated in their countless laws against theft murder and vandalizing–they also had laws enforcing temperance among the citizens.

What did the Aztecs not eat?

The other constants of Aztec food were salt and chili peppers and the basic definition of Aztec fasting was to abstain from these two. The other major foods were beans squash and New World varieties of the grains amaranth (or pigweed) and chia.

What did the Aztecs eat?

While the Aztecs ruled they farmed large areas of land. Staples of their diet were maize beans and squash. To these they added chilies and tomatoes. They also harvested Acocils an abundant crayfish-like creature found in Lake Texcoco as well as Spirulina algae which they made into cakes.

Is Mexico a Mayan or Aztec?

The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking people who lived in central Mexico in the 14th to 16th centuries. Their tribute empire spread throughout Mesoamerica. The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC.

What factors caused instability and unrest in the Aztec Empire?

When the Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico there was no major power in the region. How did the rule of Montezuma II cause unrest among the peoples of the Aztec empire? He demanded more tribute and victims for sacrifice. His harsh treatment and endless demands for tribute caused bitter hatred among Aztec subjects.

Why did the Aztec civilization fall all at once to the Spanish?

Why did the Aztec civilizations fall all at once to the Spanish while the Maya civilization took much longer to be conquered? Maya did not have a central government. Each city-state were spread out so the Spanish had to go out and conquer each city-state one by one.

Which group invaded Mexico and played a role in the downfall of the Aztec Brainly?

Hernan Cortés invaded Mexico in 1519 and conquered the Aztec Empire.

How did the Aztecs treat conquered peoples?

The Aztecs conquered the surrounding peoples. However the Aztecs did not usually n other nations. Instead they forced them to pay tribute (goods like gold feathers weapons and precious stones). … Furthermore the conquered people had to send soldiers to serve the Aztec emperor when they were needed.

What Spanish conquistador invaded and overthrew the Aztec Empire?

Hernán Cortés

How Hernán Cortés Conquered the Aztec Empire. Tenochtitlán the capital city of the Aztec Empire flourished between A.D. 1325 and 1521—but was defeated less than two years after the arrival of Spanish invaders led by Cortés.

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How and why did the Aztec rise to power?

War was the key factor in the Aztecs’ rise to power. The Aztecs built alliances or partnerships to build their empire. The Aztecs made the people they conquered pay tribute or give them cotton gold or food. … By the early 1500s the Aztecs had the most powerful state in Mesoamerica.

How did the Aztecs stay in power?

In general though the Aztec were subjects of the more powerful Tepanec and Aztec leaders were only allowed to remain in power by paying tribute to the Tepanec. Also during this time period Aztec rulers increased the power of their society by forming strong alliances with other societies around Lake Texcoco.

How did the Aztecs conquer their neighbors?

After they had settled in the Aztec Indians began conquering neighboring tribes. … Other tribes had to pay tribute to them in the form of food clothing goods and captives to feed the hungry Aztec gods. The Aztec believed in human sacrifice. That was one of the many reasons the other tribes hated and feared the Aztec.

Why did the Aztecs want a change in rulers?

The people living under the Aztec rule wanted a change in rulers at the time the Europeans arrived because they simply weren’t getting anywhere with their civilization. The Spaniards were on their way by the year 1519 with advanced technology and weapons while thE Aztecs were falling behind even on agriculture.

What were the Aztecs known for?

The Aztecs were famous for their agriculture land art and architecture. They developed writing skills a calendar system and also built temples and places of worship. They were also known for being fierce and unforgiving. To please their gods they sacrificed humans!

What did the Aztecs invent that we use today?

As for chewing gum chictli the Aztecs obtained the resin of the tropical tree Manilkara zapota growing in southern Mexico and Central America.  Like today chewing gum was used to clean the mouth after meals and freshen the breath.

Did Aztecs eat dogs?

Yes the Aztecs ate dogs. In fact they raised the animals mostly for food.

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