What Does A Groundhog Den Look Like


How can you tell a groundhog burrow?

Seek out any groundhog burrows on your property – you can identify these by locating their entrances/exits. Burrows generally contain 2-5 entrance holes each about 6-8 inches in diameter. Groundhogs often hide these holes by digging them underneath vegetation and/or loosely covering them up with leaves and sticks.

How deep is a groundhog hole?

They dig burrows that can be 6 feet (1.8 meters) deep and 20 feet (6 m) wide. These underground homes can also have two to a dozen entrances according to the National Wildlife Federation. Typically they have a burrow in the woods for the winter and a burrow in grassy areas for the warmer months.

How do you know if you have a groundhog in your yard?

Some good indicators of a groundhog’s presence are:
  1. A hole 10 to 12 inches wide in the ground or under your outdoor storage shed with mounds of dirt outside it.
  2. A tomato with a good-sized bite taken out of it.
  3. The feathery tops of your carrots have been mowed down.

What types of rooms do groundhogs make in their burrows?

Groundhogs build intricate homes. Their underground burrows include multiple “rooms” with different purposes including a sleeping chamber a nursery chamber and a waste chamber. It can stretch anywhere from eight to 66 feet long. Few animals hibernate as long as groundhogs.

Do groundhogs build nests?

Their burrow system is located about 2-4 feet underground and may extend 15-25 feet horizontally. The main groundhog nest chamber is usually located at the end of the burrow. … Groundhogs construct burrows and eat a broad range of vegetation.

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Do groundhogs make holes in the ground?

Groundhogs spend most of their time in their underground burrows which have one main entrance that can be identified by a large mountain of excavated soil immediately outside the entrance hole. … When digging a burrow the groundhog starts digging inward for several feet then inclines the tunnel upward for a few feet.

How many times a year do groundhogs have babies?

Groundhogs (Marmota monax) have short pregnancies and spend twice as much time caring for their young after they are born. Unlike many of their other rodent relatives who are prolific breeders and give birth to several litters of offspring per year groundhogs give birth to just one litter annually.

How do you fill a groundhog hole?

Do groundhogs abandon their burrows?

Fall and Winter: From mid-October through February groundhogs remain in their burrows as they hibernate. … Second spring marks the mating season during March and April as males seek out the burrows of nearby females. Groundhogs will be most active and noticeable during this time.

What will keep groundhogs away?

Deter With Garlic and Pepper

Groundhogs hate the smell of garlic and pepper. To deter them from ever returning to your garden crush some garlic and pepper and throw it into their burrows. Do this day after day until they flee. You can also make a garlic and pepper spray to spray your vegetables.

How do I get rid of a groundhog under my shed?

Here are a few ideas:
  1. Pour ammonia around your shed and in any holes they’ve dug. …
  2. Place lawn windmills windchimes or a vibrating sonic device near your shed. …
  3. Adopt a dog or cat and encourage them to spend time sniffing around the shed.
  4. Spread human scent around your yard with hair clippings.

What is the best repellent for groundhogs?

Lavender – Try planting some lavender around the garden. While it smells lovely to us groundhogs find it offensive and avoid the areas where it is. They also dislike the smell of these herbs: basil chives lemon balm mint sage thyme rosemary and oregano.

What time of day are groundhogs most active?


Groundhog Behavior

Activity: Groundhogs are diurnal (active during the day) from spring to fall. Most activity occurs during the early morning and early evening hours at which groundhogs emerge from their burrows to gather food.

Do groundhogs come out at night?

Many people believe that groundhogs come out of their dens during the night and look for food at night only. However this is false groundhogs are not nocturnal. In fact they are very active during the day but they still roam outside their dens in the night.

Where do groundhogs have their babies?

The life of a groundhog baby starts underground in the burrow that the mother groundhog has dug. She prepares a birthing den and lines it with soft grasses to keep her and her new family comfortable.

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Are groundhogs destructive to property?

Groundhogs are definitely something that homeowners need to worry about. Their tunneling systems might lead to significant damage to your property. … Due to their powerful teeth and big appetites groundhogs can also do damage to crops and plants in your garden.

Are groundhogs good for anything?

Woodchucks may not appear useful to humans but they have their own place and identity in the ecosystem and should be accepted—and respected—for that alone. They provide food for coyotes foxes weasels badgers hawks and eagles.

How do you keep groundhogs from digging under your house?

You really need to install an exclusion barrier a steel mesh fence that goes all the way around the perimeter of the shed or deck. It needs to go at least 18 inches underground with the bottom curving outward to stop diggers like groundhogs from just digging underneath.

Will vinegar get rid of groundhogs?

Mix ammonia with washing detergent vinegar hot pepper and soap and pour the mixture down each hole. This may have to be repeated for a few days until the groundhogs go away. … This may have to be repeated if it gets washed off.

What smells do groundhogs hate?

3. Plants as deterrents. Plants with strong fragrances such as lavender will keep groundhogs out of your garden. The Farmers’ Almanac says groundhogs also dislike the smell of these herbs: mint sage basil lemon balm rosemary thyme chives and oregano.

Are groundhogs bad to have around?

The short answer is YES you should. Groundhogs also known as woodchucks are aggressive animals that are hard to get rid of when they invade your property. These rodents usually dig burrows in grassy areas and eat through gardens causing a lot of damage.

How can you tell a male groundhog from a female?

The entire body and tail are covered with fur. Males and females groundhogs look similar but the males may be slightly larger in size. Groundhogs have dense stout bodies with short legs. Their long curved claws are perfect for digging their underground burrows.

Do male and female groundhogs live together?

In general groundhog social groups consist of one adult male and two adult females each with an offspring from the previous breeding season (usually female) and the current litter of infants. Interactions within a female’s group are generally friendly.

Do groundhogs come back?

While they prefer forested areas groundhogs are highly adaptable and will keep coming back to landscapes where food and cover is plentiful.

Can groundhogs chew through wood?

Compared to beavers groundhogs/woodchucks are not adept at moving timber although some will chew wood. … A wildlife biologist once measured the inside volume of a typical woodchuck burrow and estimated that — if wood filled the hole instead of dirt — the industrious animal would have chucked about 700 pounds’ worth.

Can groundhogs dig through concrete?

Groundhogs prefer to dig their burrows against structures that provide overhead stability in Michigan this usually means around foundations under sheds and decks under brick pavers patios and anything with a concrete slab. … Because the hole opened up against the foundation this allowed water to seep in.

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How far will a groundhog travel to return home?

Once you have trapped the groundhog it is important to relocate it to a new home in a field meadow or wooded area that is at least 20 miles away from your home so they don’t find their way back. You can call the local wildlife and game office to offer some suggestions on where to take them.

Does Irish Spring soap keep groundhogs away?

Irish Spring is an effective repellent against groundhogs. A bar of soap should be hung from a post or fence to scare off groundhogs and prevent them from digging up the lawn or eating the plants.

Do groundhogs eat squirrels?

Groundhogs are herbivores. They eat primarily plants such as grasses flowers and other vegetation. … They will eat insects that they come across as they eat plants. Groundhogs are also known to eat meat such as chipmunks or other small mammals they have found dead or killed themselves.

Will human urine keep groundhogs away?

Groundhog can’t tolerate the smell of human urine and this is why it is one of the best repellents to eliminate these rodents from the garden. Collect human urine in a bottle and sprinkle it in every few days in the entrance of their burrow they will definitely leave the place.

How do you keep groundhogs out of raised beds?

Buy chicken wire (at least six feet tall) and five-foot posts. Bury the wire twelve inches deep to prevent tunneling. Attach the fencing to the posts except for the top foot. Bend that away from your garden to keep groundhogs from climbing over it.

Can you flood a groundhog hole?

Take the mortars and bale to the groundhog hole light the mortar throw it as far down the hole as you can get then drop the bale on top of the hole and sit on it. The blast will send a concussion wave through the tunnel and kill or at least seriously injure any groundhogs in the tunnel.

Does Epsom salt repel groundhogs?

Epsom Salt- One way to deter groundhogs from eating your plants is to sprinkle Epsom salt on the soil. Groundhogs do not enjoy the taste of Epsom salt and they will be discouraged from eating the plants.

What is a groundhogs favorite food?

Favorite foods include alfalfa clover peas beans lettuce broccoli plantain and soybeans. Groundhogs will often devour your seedlings before they even have time to grow. … If you don’t have vegetables around groundhogs will settle for twigs bark bugs and blossoms.

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