What Does Pericles Mean

What do Pericles mean?

surrounded by glory
Pericles (l. 495–429 BCE) was a prominent Greek statesman orator and general during the Golden Age of Athens. … Pericles’ name means “surrounded by glory” and he would live up to his name through his efforts to make Athens the greatest of the Greek city-states.Mar 28 2018

What is Pericles best known for?

Pericles was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece. Pericles was born in 495 B.C.E. in Athens to an aristocratic family. … However his most memorable feat was erecting the Acropolis in Athens.

Where is Pericles from?

Ancient Greek statesman Pericles was born c. 495 B.C. in Athens Greece.

How do you pronounce the word Pericles?

  1. Phonetic spelling of Pericles. per-i-cles. Per-i-cles. …
  2. Meanings for Pericles. man with honor. …
  3. Synonyms for Pericles. statesman. …
  4. Translations of Pericles. Russian : Перикл

Who was Pericles wife?

Aspasia of Miletus

Spouse(s) Aspasia of Miletus
Children Paralus and Xanthippus Pericles the Younger
Relations Xanthippus (father) Agriste (mother)

What is Pericles trying to say in his speech?

In his speech Pericles states that the citizens of Athens must continue to support the war. He wanted to emphasis that what they were fighting for was of the upmost importance. He stated that the soldiers who died gave their lives to protect the city of Athens its citizens and its freedom.

Was Pericles a real person?

Pericles (born c. 495 bce Athens—died 429 Athens) Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development in the later 5th century bce of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.

Who is the leader of Sparta?

Leonidas I

Leonidas I
Statue of a hoplite (5th century BC) known as Leonidas at the Archaeological Museum of Sparta
King of Sparta
Reign 489–480 BC
Predecessor Cleomenes I

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What did Plutarch think of Pericles?

Plutarch suggests that because Pericles loses his legitimately born sons to the plague this is the reason he repeals the law against bastards becoming citizens – for he feared that he would bequeath nothing to posterity.

Did Sparta defeat Athens?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

What is the top of the Parthenon called?

Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. Throughout the centuries the Parthenon withstood earthquakes fire wars explosions and looting yet remains although battered a powerful symbol of Ancient Greece and Athenian culture.

How do you say Peloponnesian in English?

How do you spell Aristophanes?

Aristophanes (/ˌærɪˈstɒfəniːz/ Ancient Greek: Ἀριστοφάνης pronounced [aristopʰánɛːs] c. 446 – c. 386 BC) son of Philippus of the deme Kydathenaion (Latin: Cydathenaeum) was a comic playwright or comedy-writer of ancient Athens and a poet of Old Attic Comedy.

Is it true that Sparta suffered from a plague during the war?

In 430 BC a plague struck the city of Athens which was then under siege by Sparta during the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC). In the next 3 years most of the population was infected and perhaps as many as 75 000 to 100 000 people 25% of the city’s population died.

What was the relationship between Pericles and Aspasia?

Aspasia is commonly remembered for her romantic relationship with Pericles the leader of democratic Athens. As his mistress and the reputed reason for his divorce Aspasia was also an objectionable figure to many Athenians who believed she had too much political influence.

Was Socrates teacher a woman?

Along with Diotima Aspasia was one of the two women philosophers whom Plato recognised as teachers of Socrates. Her biography is subject to debate but she is still famous for her knowledge of rhetoric and her skill in debate.

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Why is Athens worth dying for according to Pericles?

Pericles instigates that one should die for Athens in honor of his/her ancestors. It’s almost as if the people of Athens at the time owe this deed to their ancestors since the ancestors are responsible for giving them a stable city to partake of.

Was Pericles assassinated?

The cause of the plague of Athens in 430BC which devastated the city and killed up to one-third of the population including its leader Pericles was typhoid fever scientists believe.

Why is Pericles speech so important?

Pericles’ speech has also played an important role as you would expect in commemorating those who have died in war. … Pericles praises Athens so that people will keep fighting he praises the sacrifices of the dead so that others will imitate them.

How was Pericles educated?

Pericles received the best education available studying music under Damon and mathematics under Zeno of Elea. His greatest influence was a scholar named Anaxagoras who taught him how to make speeches and was a model of the calm style that Pericles would use in politics.

Who ruled ancient Greece?

From about 2000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E. most Greek city-states were ruled by monarchs—usually kings (the Greeks did not allow women to have power). At first the Greek kings were chosen by the people of the city-state. When a king died another leader was selected to take his place.

Why was Pericles a great leader?

The oratorical skills of Pericles made him an outstanding leader he had the courage to articulate the charisma to lead and the ability to convince and manipulate the population.

Does the Spartan bloodline still exist?

So yes the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.

How much of 300 is true?

Originally Answered: Was 300 movie real story? Good question the movie 300 is based on the Battle of Thermopylae holding off nearly 100 000 to 150 000 Persians. The movie is about that victory of a few brave men holding their ground against a larger adversary. Yes it’s a true story.

Who betrayed Sparta?


In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans Ephialtes was portrayed by Kieron Moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near Thermopylae. He betrays the Spartans to the Persians out of greed for riches and it is implied unrequited love for a Spartan girl named Ellas.

What kind of person was Pericles According to Plutarch?

Plutarch outlines Pericles as having lots of positive characteristics. He’s described as having solemnity of spirit a loftystyle of speech (free from vulgarity and spiteful buffoonery) a gravity of countenance that did not break out into laughter and a gentleness of manner. 2.

How did Pericles feel about Aspasia?

Although Aspasia came from the Greek Anatolian city of Miletus and was not a citizen of Athens she lived with Pericles from about 445 until his death in 429. … She was irresponsibly accused of urging Pericles to crush the island of Samos Miletus’ old rival and to provoke war with Sparta.

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Which Roman life is paired with that of Pericles in Plutarch’s Parallel Lives?

In addition to these 48 Parallel Lives Plutarch wrote an additional four unpaired biographies that although not considered part of Parallel Lives can be included in the term Plutarch’s Lives.

Greek Life Pericles
Years c. 495–429
Translations (D) G L P
Roman Life Fabius Maximus
Years 275–203

What is Sparta called now?


Sparta also known as Lacedaemon was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia.

Who killed the Spartans?

Modern scholars estimate that Xerxes I crossed the Hellespont with approximately 360 000 soldiers and a navy of 700 to 800 ships reaching Greece in 480 BCE. He defeated the Spartans at Thermopylae conquered Attica and sacked Athens.

Who won the Persian War?

the Greeks
Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians) the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

What is the roof of a Greek temple called?

pediment in architecture triangular gable forming the end of the roof slope over a portico (the area with a roof supported by columns leading to the entrance of a building) or a similar form used decoratively over a doorway or window. The pediment was the crowning feature of the Greek temple front.

Did slaves build the Parthenon?

The Parthenon was built primarily by men who knew how to work marble. … Slaves and foreigners worked together with the Athenian citizens in the building of the Parthenon doing the same jobs for the same pay.

What is a metope in Greek?

In classical architecture a metope (μετόπη) is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze which is a decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the architrave of a building of the Doric order.

What is the meaning of the word PERICLES?

Pericles: The First Citizen of Athens

Pericles the Golden Age of Athens

What did democracy really mean in Athens? – Melissa Schwartzberg

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