What Does Superfund Mean


What does the Superfund do?

The Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act — otherwise known as CERCLA or Superfund — provides a Federal “Superfund” to clean up uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous-waste sites as well as accidents spills and other emergency releases of pollutants and contaminants into the environment …

What is Superfund and how does it work?

It allows EPA to clean up contaminated sites. It also forces the parties responsible for the contamination to either perform cleanups or reimburse the government for EPA-led cleanup work. When there is no viable responsible party Superfund gives EPA the funds and authority to clean up contaminated sites.

Are Superfund sites bad?

Superfund sites are particularly dangerous for children prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals can damage children’s health and even impact their performance in school.

What is the Superfund What does it pay for?

Superfund U.S. government fund intended to pay for the cleanup of hazardous-waste dump sites and spills. The 1980 act creating it called for financing by a combination of general revenues and taxes on polluting industries.

Where does Superfund money come from?

The Superfund trust fund receives money from three major sources annually: • $553 million from petroleum excise taxes • $273 million from chemical feedstock excise taxes and • $504 million from environmental income taxes.

What is a Superfund area?

Superfund sites are polluted locations in the United States requiring a long-term response to clean up hazardous material contaminations. They were designated under the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980.

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Does the Superfund still exist?

There are 40 000 federal Superfund sites across the country and approximately 1 600 of those sites have been listed on the National Priorities List (NPL). Sites on the NPL are considered the most highly contaminated and undergo longer-term remedial investigation and remedial action (cleanups).

How many drums were removed from the Valley of Drums waste site?

EPA responding under the emergency provisions of The Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) upgraded the existing treatment system and removed the remaining 4 200 drums of surface wastes off site for recycling or disposal.

What is the largest Superfund site in the US?

About the Hanford (USDOE) Site

The 586 square mile Hanford Site is home to one of the largest Superfund cleanups in the nation. Hanford is divided into four National Priorities List (NPL) sites.

Is it safe to live near a Superfund site?

Superfund sites contain toxic pollutants. Living working or going to school near a superfund site may have negative health affects depending on toxins at the site. Superfund sites have been linked to adverse health effects including infant mortality mental health water and food-borne illness and cancer.

What happens to people who live near Superfund sites?

Children that live near superfund sites are more prone to childhood cancer as well as birth defects decreased cognitive functioning and various behavioral problems. … Data which looked at thousands of people in the Texas area showed that living near a superfund site can lower life expectancy by at least .

How many miles from a Superfund site is safe?

This vapor intrusion then poses further risk to nearby residents inside of their homes where they would otherwise be inclined to feel safe. Obviously proximity to a Superfund site is critical four miles’ distance poses a decreased health risk as compared to a mere forty feet.

Who pays to clean up Superfund sites today?


The law says EPA can make the people responsible for contamination pay for site studies and cleanup work. EPA negotiates with these Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) to reach an agreement. Sometimes EPA pays for the cleanup out of a pool of money called the Superfund and then tries to make PRPs pay back the costs.

What causes Superfund sites?

There are more than 1 300 of these spots in all — dubbed “Superfund sites” by the federal government — where toxic chemicals from factories and landfills were dumped for decades polluting the surrounding soil water and air.

What is the federal Clean Air Act?

The Clean Air Act is the law that defines EPA’s responsibilities for protecting and improving the nation’s air quality and the stratospheric ozone layer. The last major change in the law the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 was enacted by Congress in 1990.

Which state has the most Superfund sites?

New Jersey

Superfund sites by state

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The states with the most Superfund sites were New Jersey (113 sites) California (97 sites) and Pennsylvania (95 sites). The states with the fewest Superfund sites were North Dakota (no sites) Nevada (one site) and South Dakota (two sites).

Who is responsible for Superfund?

There are four classes of Superfund liable parties: Current owners and operators of a facility Past owners and operators of a facility at the time hazardous wastes were disposed Generators and parties that arranged for the disposal or transport of the hazardous substances and.

Who pays the EPA?

Over 40% of EPA’s total budget is passed through to state local and tribal governments as grants and low cost loans.

What is Arizona Superfund site?

Some sites in Arizona are governed and funded by the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) commonly known as Superfund. Sites that pose the greatest potential threat to public health and the environment are put on the National Priorities List (NPL).

Is Gold King Mine a Superfund site?

The spill also led to the Bonita Peak Mining District in Colorado where the Gold King Mine is located to be listed as a Superfund site.

Can you buy a Superfund site?

the process begins with the current owner. As with the purchase of any property negotiations to buy a Superfund site begin with the current owner who can be identified through property title or tax records. EPA rarely owns the site being cleaned up.

What does the Superfund not cover?

Superfund is also the trust fund set up by Congress to handle emergency and hazardous waste sites needing long-term cleanup. … That means that the government can’t spend Superfund money on anything except cleaning up hazardous-waste sites.) Superfund is administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

How long does it take to clean a Superfund site?

For planning its Superfund activities EPA set an expectation for 1993 that sites would be cleaned up within 5 years of being listed. EPA officials said that they have not formally revised the expectation but now believe that sites will be cleaned up within 7 or 8 years of their listing.

How do I get a Superfund?

Most people get their first super account when they start their first ‘real’ job. By law your employer needs to pay at least 9.5% of your ordinary time earnings into a complying super fund on your behalf once you earn more than $450 per month before tax.

Where is the Valley of Drums located?

Brooks Kentucky

The Valley of the Drums is a 23-acre (9.3 hectare) toxic waste site in Brooks Kentucky in northern Bullitt County near Louisville. It became a collection point for toxic wastes starting sometime in the 1960s.

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What caused the Valley of the Drums?

Taylor owned a dump truck a crane and a 17-acre field about 20 miles south of Louisville. He parlayed those modest assets into a business that served many of Kentucky’s best-known industries. Taylor hauled away their liquid waste creating on his land what officials now call “The Valley of the Drums.”

How many drums does Valley of Drums have?

Investigations later revealed that over 100 000 drums of waste were delivered to the site of which 27 000 drums were buried.

What is the most toxic city in America?

Kotzebue AK

Iñupiat Eskimos make up 70% of the population. According to 2016 research data the town is the most toxic place in America. Kotzebue produced at least 756 million pounds of toxic chemicals.

What are the most toxic places in the world?

13 Of The Most Toxic Places On Earth Where Human Survival Is At High Risk
  1. Agbogbloshie Ghana. …
  2. Chernobyl Ukraine. …
  3. Citarum River Indonesia. …
  4. Dzerzhinsk Russia. …
  5. Hazaribagh Bangladesh. …
  6. Kabwe Zambia. …
  7. Kalimantan Indonesia. …
  8. Matanza Riachuelo Argentina.

What state has the most contaminated groundwater?

5 States with High Levels of Arsenic in Groundwater
  1. 1. California. Arsenic is commonly found in California’s groundwater primarily due to natural sources. …
  2. Nevada. Arsenic is also one of the most common contaminants found in Nevada’s well water. …
  3. Arizona. …
  4. Illinois. …
  5. Maine.

Are there any Superfund sites in Florida?

The 30-acre Agrico Chemical Company Superfund site is in Pensacola Florida. It includes an area where agrichemical production operations took place from 1891 to 1975. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989 because facility operations contaminated groundwater sludge and soil.

Which state hosts the most hazardous waste sites?

New Jersey

Across the United States New Jersey is home to the most hazardous waste sites in the country with 114.

Does Canada have Superfund sites?

How many federal contaminated sites are there in Canada? There are 23 078 federal sites listed in the FCSI maintained by the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat including 5 337 active contaminated sites and 2 355 suspected sites.

Why are there so many Superfund sites in New Jersey?

Some common contaminated sites include abandoned warehouses manufacturing facilities processing plants and landfills. In response to growing concern over health and environmental risks posed by these contaminated sites the 96th Congress established the Superfund program in 1980 to clean up these sites.

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