What Evidence Did Alfred Wegener Have For Continental Drift

What Evidence Did Alfred Wegener Have For Continental Drift?

Wegener used fossil evidence to support his continental drift hypothesis. The fossils of these organisms are found on lands that are now far apart. Grooves and rock deposits left by ancient glaciers are found today on different continents very close to the equator.Aug 11 2020

What are the 4 evidences of continental drift?

The four pieces of evidence for the continental drift include continents fitting together like a puzzle scattering ancient fossils rocks mountain ranges and the old climatic zones’ locations.

What evidence did Alfred Wegener have for continental drift quizlet?

The Theory of Continental Drift was proposed by Alfred Wegener in 1912. He used several pieces of evidence to support his theory including fossils rocks glacial markings coal deposits and the fact that the continents fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. .

What is Wegener’s theory of continental drift Class 7?

He proposed that millions of years ago all landmasses were joined together into a super continent called Pangaea. He suggested that the Pangaea broke and there was a horizontal displacement of the continents. This is called Wegener’s Theory of Continental Drift.

What was Alfred Wegener’s theory quizlet?

*******The figure below shows changes in sea level since the last ice age ended.

What is Alfred Wegener theory?

In the early 20th century Wegener published a paper explaining his theory that the continental landmasses were “drifting” across the Earth sometimes plowing through oceans and into each other. He called this movement continental drift.

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What evidence did Wegener rely on in the formulation of his theory of continental drift What evidence did he lack?

Alfred Wegener in the first three decades of this century and DuToit in the 1920s and 1930s gathered evidence that the continents had moved. They based their idea of continental drift on several lines of evidence: fit of the continents paleoclimate indicators truncated geologic features and fossils.

Why did scientists reject Wegener’s idea of continental drift?

The main reason that Wegener’s hypothesis was not accepted was because he suggested no mechanism for moving the continents. He thought the force of Earth’s spin was sufficient to cause continents to move but geologists knew that rocks are too strong for this to be true.

Why was Wegener’s theory of continental drift almost completely discarded quizlet?

Why was Wegener’s theory of continental drift almost completely discarded? It didn’t have a mechanism for how drift occurred. What do cinders ash and lava all have in common?

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Who was Alfred Wegener and what was his theory quizlet?

Terms in this set (12)

Who was Alfred Wegener? A German meteorologist polar researcher and geophysicist that proposed the theory of continental drift.

What is the continental drift theory quizlet?

What is the theory of continental drift? Hypothesis that states that continents once formed a single land mass and broke apart and drifted to their current location.

What did Alfred Wegener do?

Alfred Wegener in full Alfred Lothar Wegener (born November 1 1880 Berlin Germany—died November 1930 Greenland) German meteorologist and geophysicist who formulated the first complete statement of the continental drift hypothesis. … He made three more expeditions to Greenland in 1912–13 1929 and 1930.

How did Alfred Wegener prove his theory?

Wegener supported his theory by demonstrating the biological and geological similarities between continents. South America and Africa contain fossils of animals found only on those two continents with corresponding geographic ranges.

When did Wegener propose continental drift?

Wegener was a German meteorologist geophysicist and polar researcher. In 1915 he published ‘The Origin of Continents and Oceans’ which outlined his theory of Continental Drift.

What is the evidence for continental drift and plate tectonics?

Fossil Evidence

One type of evidence that strongly supported the Theory of Continental Drift is the fossil record. Fossils of similar types of plants and animals in rocks of a similar age have been found on the shores of different continents suggesting that the continents were once joined.

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What does the Earth’s magnetic field reveal about the structure of the Earth’s layers quizlet?

-Scientists think that movements in the liquid outer core create Earth’s magnetic field. … -The outer core is made of iron and nickel. -This layer performs like a liquid. -The inner core is a solid dense ball of iron and nickel.

What geological process generates the world’s longest undersea mountain chain called the Mid Atlantic Ridge quizlet?

Mid-ocean ridges occur along divergent plate boundaries where new ocean floor is created as the Earth’s tectonic plates spread apart. As the plates separate molten rock rises to the seafloor producing enormous volcanic eruptions of basalt.

Where does mountain formation generally occur quizlet?

As two continental plates collide along a convergent boundary mountains are formed.

What advice did Alfred Wegener use to support his theory of continental drift?

Wegener used geologic fossil and glacial evidence from opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean to support his theory of continental drift. For example he said that there were geological similarities between the Appalachian Mountains in North America and the Scottish Highlands.

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What did the theory of continental drift state?

Continental drift is the hypothesis that the Earth’s continents have moved over geologic time relative to each other thus appearing to have “drifted” across the ocean bed. The speculation that continents might have ‘drifted’ was first put forward by Abraham Ortelius in 1596.

How does evidence of glaciation in Africa support the theory of continental drift?

There is also much climate evidence supporting continental drift most notable of which is glacial activity. … Also glacial striations (essentially ‘cut marks’) found in rocks from the movement of this ice sheet show that the direction in which it was moving was outwards from a central point in southern Africa.

Which two pieces of fossil evidence support the idea of continental drift quizlet?

How does each fossil support the hypothesis of continental drift? Each fossil supports this idea because they were found on different continents. What three key evidence supports continental drift? Fossil clues plants rock clues and climate clues were discovered on the different continents.

Where did Alfred Wegener do his research?

In 1905 Wegener went to work at the Royal Prussian Aeronautical Observatory near Berlin where he used kites and balloons to study the upper atmosphere. He also flew in hot air balloons indeed in 1906 he and his brother Kurt broke the world endurance record by staying aloft for more than 52 hours.

What are the 5 evidence of plate movement?

There is variety of evidence that supports the claims that plate tectonics accounts for (1) the distribution of fossils on different continents (2) the occurrence of earthquakes and (3) continental and ocean floor features including mountains volcanoes faults and trenches.

What do scientists think produces Earth’s magnetic field quizlet?

Scientists think that the Earth’s magnetic field is caused by the movement of electric charges in the Earth’s liquid outer core. … They point to earth’s magnetic south pole which is near earth’s geographic north pole.

What do scientists think happens in the core to produce the earth’s magnetic field quizlet?

The Earth’s magnetic field is believed to be generated by electric currents in the conductive material of its core created by convection currents due to heat escaping from the core.

Do scientists think that movements in the liquid outer core create earths magnetic field?

Scientists believe Earth’s magnetic field results from movements of molten iron and nickel within its liquid outer core. These flows which are caused by interactions between Earth’s core and its mantle are neither even nor evenly distributed.

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What geological process generates the world’s longest undersea mountain chain?

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) is known as a mid-ocean ridge an underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics. It is the result of a divergent plate boundary that runs from 87° N – about 333 km (207 mi) south of the North Pole – to 54 °S just north of the coast of Antarctica.

Which of the following is the best evidence that Earth’s continents?

The best evidence that the continents were once connected is that they have matching… rock types fossils and coastlines. Which of these describes a divergent boundary? Two continental plates moving away from each other forming a rift valley.

What is the name of the geologic process that takes place along the plate boundary running through the Atlantic Basin?

sea floor spreading

This process is known as “sea floor spreading” and results in a symmetrical alignment of the rocks of the ocean floor which get older with distance from the ridge crest.

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What happens when a continental plate converges with another continental plate?

What happens when two continental plates collide? … Instead a collision between two continental plates crunches and folds the rock at the boundary lifting it up and leading to the formation of mountains and mountain ranges.

How do mountains form along a continental continental plate boundary?

These mountains are produced when tectonic plates are stretched to the point that they crack and slide. These cracks or vertical faults are fractures in the continental crust. Crust is then squeezed upward between the two parallel lines resulting in mountains!

Where do most of the worlds mountains form?

Mountains are most often formed by movement of the tectonic plates in the Earth’s crust. Great mountain ranges like the Himalayas often form along the boundaries of these plates. Tectonic plates move very slowly.

What evidence did Alfred Wegener have for continental drift quizlet?

The Theory of Continental Drift was proposed by Alfred Wegener in 1912. He used several pieces of evidence to support his theory including fossils rocks glacial markings coal deposits and the fact that the continents fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. .

Alfred Wegener’s Evidence of Continental Drift Theory

Continental Drift [Updated 2018]

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