What Happens To The Incoming Solar Radiation After It Is Reflected Off The Surface Of The Earth

What Happens To The Incoming Solar Radiation After It Is Reflected Off The Surface Of The Earth?

What happens to the incoming solar radiation after it is reflected off the surface of the earth? … It will cool the earth’s surface as radiation from the sun is blocked from entering the atmosphere.

What happened to the incoming solar radiation after it is reflected off the surface of the earth?

Of the 340 watts per square meter of solar energy that falls on the Earth 29% is reflected back into space primarily by clouds but also by other bright surfaces and the atmosphere itself. About 23% of incoming energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by atmospheric gases dust and other particles.

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What happens to the incoming solar radiation after it is absorbed by earths surface and given off as heat?

The Earth absorbs most of the energy reaching its surface a small fraction is reflected. In total approximately 70% of incoming radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface while around 30% is reflected back to space and does not heat the surface.

What happens to the solar radiation that is reflected?

Roughly 30 percent of the total solar energy that strikes the Earth is reflected back into space by clouds atmospheric aerosols snow ice desert sand rooftops and even ocean surf. The remaining 70 percent of the TSI is absorbed by the land ocean and atmosphere.

How incoming solar radiation is affected on its way to the surface?

Of the roughly 56% of the incoming solar radiation making it through the atmosphere to Earth’s surface about 6% gets reflected by the surface and 50% is absorbed at the surface.

What is shortwave and longwave radiation?

Shortwave radiation contains higher amounts of energy and longwave radiation contains a smaller amount of energy. … On the other hand Earth’s radiation is emitted as longwave as it is much cooler but still emits radiation.

What is incoming solar radiation known as?

This is called insolation. Insolation is solar radiation received in the Earth’s atmosphere or at its surface.

How does earth lose its excess solar radiation?

Explanation: Earth loses its excess solar radiation by radiative cooling. The outgoing long-wave radiation takes the excess energy from earth back into the space.

What happens to sunlight that hits earth’s surface?

what happens to sunlight that hits Earth’s surface? the sunlight is absorbed by Earth’s surface and then the light is reflected back by Earth’s surface.

What happens to the solar energy that is not absorbed by earth’s surface?

What happens to the solar energy that is not absorbed by Earth’s surface? It is absorbed or reflected by clouds gasses and dust or is reflected off of Earth’s surface. … Because oceans and land radiate the energy that they have absorbed back into the atmosphere.

How does solar radiation affect climate change?

Researchers have shown that UV radiation affects climate through direct heating and the production and destruction of ozone in the stratosphere which then leads to regional effects at Earth’s surface through a complex chain of mechanisms.

What proportion of incoming solar radiation reaches Earth’s surface?

The amount of solar energy reaching the Earth is 70 percent. The surface of the Earth absorbs 51 percent of the insolation. Water vapor and dust account for 16 percent of the energy absorbed.

How does the solar cycle affect the amount of energy that Earth receives from the sun?

Every 11 years the Sun’s magnetic cycle ramps up into overdrive. Along the way changes in the Sun’s magnetism produce a greater number of sunspots more energy and cause solar eruptions of particles. …

How does solar energy affect Earth’s atmosphere and surfaces?

The radiation warms the Earth’s surface and the surface radiates some of the energy back out in the form of infrared waves. As they rise through the atmosphere they are intercepted by greenhouse gases such as water vapor and carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gases trap the heat that reflects back up into the atmosphere.

What are the 4 main effects of solar radiation on Earth?

Solar Radiation at the Earth’s Surface
  • atmospheric effects including absorption and scattering
  • local variations in the atmosphere such as water vapour clouds and pollution
  • latitude of the location and.
  • the season of the year and the time of day.

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Is incoming solar radiation longwave radiation?

INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION

Incoming ultraviolet visible and a limited portion of infrared energy (together sometimes called “shortwave radiation”) from the Sun drive the Earth’s climate system. … The heat generated by this absorption is emitted as longwave infrared radiation some of which radiates out into space.

How does a change in the solar constant impact the absorption of shortwave radiation and the emission of longwave radiation by the earth atmosphere system?

An increased solar constant will lead to decreased absorption of solar radiation and in turn an increased emission of longwave radiation by the Earth-Atmosphere system.

What is the source of incoming longwave radiation?

Significant sources of longwave radiation in hydrologic applications include the atmosphere itself and any clouds that may be present locally in the atmosphere.

Which part of Earth’s surface experiences less variation incoming solar radiation?

Generally equatorial regions experience less fluctuation in daily insolation throughout the year. Further from the equator seasonal differences are more pronounced.

In what form is radiation emitted from the earth’s surface back into the atmosphere?

The sun’s visible wavelengths of radiation pass easily through the atmosphere and reach Earth. Approximately 51% of this sunlight is absorbed at Earth’s surface by the land water and vegetation. Some of this energy is emitted back from the Earth’s surface in the form of infrared radiation.

How is Earth’s surface heated by the sun?

The sun heats the earth through radiation. Since there is no medium (like the gas in our atmosphere) in space radiation is the primary way that heat travels in space. When the heat reaches the earth it warms the molecules of the atmosphere and they warm other molecules and so on.

What affects solar radiation?

The intensity of the solar radiation at a given location depends on your latitude terrain season time of day and atmospheric conditions. For example clouds dust and water vapor all affect the amount of radiation that reaches the surface at any given location.

What would happen if the sun’s radiation reaches the Earth’s surface without depletion?

What would happen if the sun’s radiation reaches the earth’s surface without depletion? Explanation: If sun’s radiation reaches the earth’s surface without depletion the average global temperature would increase to a point that life would cease to exist. Earth would become too hot to sustain any life form.

What is the difference between the sun’s radiation and the radiation given off from earth’s surface atmosphere?

The radiation given off from the earth’s surface emits the longwave radiation which the ground heats up and re-emits the energy in the form of the infrared rays because the earth is cooler than the sun and has less energy available to give off.

What causes solar radiation to strike different parts of earth’s surface?

The tilt of the Earth causes different areas to receive different amounts of solar energy. The difference in solar energy received at different latitudes drives atmospheric circulation. Places that get more solar energy have more heat. Places that get less solar energy have less heat.

Is the incoming solar energy intercepted by the Earth?

About 23 percent of incoming solar energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by water vapor dust and ozone and 48 percent passes through the atmosphere and is absorbed by the surface. Thus about 71 percent of the total incoming solar energy is absorbed by the Earth system. … The remaining 48% is absorbed at the surface.

What is the term for the total radiation that is reflected by a surface quizlet?

Albedo. the fraction of total radiation that is reflected by any surface.

How much of the incoming solar radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere and clouds?

The atmosphere absorbs 16% (by air) plus 4% (by clouds) of the solar radiation arriving at the top of the atmosphere and it absorbs 99% of the 105% of the longwave IR radiation emitted by the earth’s surface.

What is solar radiation What is its significance for the Earth?

Solar radiation is radiant (electromagnetic) energy from the sun. It provides light and heat for the Earth and energy for photosynthesis. This radiant energy is necessary for the metabolism of the environment and its inhabitants 1.

How does solar radiation affect climate quizlet?

Incoming solar radiation relates to climate because the more solar radiation the hotter it will get. When energy trapped in the atmosphere warms the land ocean and air. … Land and water absorb most of the energy and Earth’s surface warms up the warm surface transfer heat to the air. 3.

How does Earth’s orbit affect climate change?

The Earth’s orbit

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When the Earth is closer to the Sun our climate is warmer and this cycle also affects the length of the seasons. The measure of a shape’s deviation from being a circle in this case the Earth’s orbit is called ‘eccentricity’.

What happens to most of the incoming solar energy on Earth?

About 23 percent of incoming solar energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by water vapor dust and ozone and 48 percent passes through the atmosphere and is absorbed by the surface. Thus about 71 percent of the total incoming solar energy is absorbed by the Earth system.

Why reflected solar radiation from clouds may vary over time?

Different parts of the Earth have different albedos. … Because a cloud usually has a higher albedo than the surface beneath it the cloud reflects more shortwave radiation back to space than the surface would in the absence of the cloud thus leaving less solar energy available to heat the surface and atmosphere.

How much of incoming solar radiation that reaches Earth’s atmosphere makes it to Earth’s surface quizlet?

About thirty percent of incoming solar radiation is directly reflected by Earth’s albedo. About one half of the solar radiation available at the top of the atmosphere actually reaches the Earth’s surface (about 45%).

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