What Is An Epicondyle


What is a epicondyle in bones?

: any of several prominences on the distal part of a long bone serving for the attachment of muscles and ligaments: a : one on the outer aspect of the distal part of the humerus or proximal to the lateral condyle of the femur.

What is the difference between condyle and epicondyle?

The condyle is smooth and round whereas epicondyle is rough. Epicondyle is a projection on the condyle. The main difference between condyle and epicondyle is that condyle forms an articulation with another bone. whereas epicondyle provides sites for the attachment of muscles.

What is the function of an epicondyle?

An epicondyle is a special feature found on long bones. It serves as a point of attachment for tendons and ligaments. Tendons connect muscle to bone while ligaments connect bones to other bones.

Where would you find an epicondyle?

Anatomy. a rounded protuberance at the end of a bone serving as a place of attachment for ligaments tendons and muscles.

Is epicondyle a joint?

A common injury associated with the lateral epicondyle of the humerus is lateral epicondylitis also known as tennis elbow.
Lateral epicondyle of the humerus
Left elbow-joint showing posterior and radial collateral ligaments. (Lateral epicondyle visible at center.)
Latin Epicondylus lateralis humeri

What is the funny bone called?

ulnar nerve
The ulnar nerve innervates muscles of the forearm hand and two fingers (the ring and pinky fingers). It is believed to have been named the “funny bone ” because the nerve corresponds to the humerus bone (which sounds like humorous as in funny).May 15 2017

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Does the femur have epicondyles?

The medial epicondyle of the femur is an epicondyle a bony protrusion located on the medial side of the femur at its distal end. Located above the medial condyle it bears an elevation the adductor tubercle which serves for the attachment of the superficial part or “tendinous insertion” of the adductor magnus.

Does the tibia have epicondyles?

The tibia is the larger weight-bearing bone located on the medial side of the leg. … The two sides of this expansion form the medial condyle of the tibia and the lateral condyle of the tibia. The tibia does not have epicondyles. The top surface of each condyle is smooth and flattened.

Why is the medial epicondyle called the funny bone?

The medial epicondyle protects the ulnar nerve which runs in a groove on the back of this epicondyle. … Striking the medial epicondyle causes a tingling sensation in the ulnar nerve. This response is known as striking the “funny bone”.

How many epicondyles are there?

The lower end of the humerus includes two smooth articular surfaces (capitulum and trochlea) two depressions (fossae) that form part of the elbow joint and two projections (epicondyles).

What muscles originate off the medial epicondyle?

The medial epicondyle is the common origin of the forearm flexor and pronator muscles. The most common site of pathology is the interface between the pronator teres and the flexor carpi radialis origins.

What is another name for epicondyle?

Epicondyle synonyms

In this page you can discover 7 synonyms antonyms idiomatic expressions and related words for epicondyle like: malleolus condyle olecranon retinaculum trochlea epicondylitis and acromion.

What is the medial epicondyle?

The medial epicondyle is a secondary growth centre at the elbow which first appears around age 6 and fuses to the shaft of the humerus at about age 14-17 years. A medial epicondyle fracture is an avulsion injury of the attachment of the common flexors of the forearm.

What is the inside of your elbow called slang?

Technically you can refer to the area as the antecubital fossa. Antecubital is an adjective meaning “of or relating to the inner or front surface of the forearm” (in Latin ante means “before” and cubitum means “elbow”). Fossa is a Medieval Latin borrowing that is used for an anatomical pit groove or depression.

What is the inside of your forearm called?

The inner part of the human arm is called the arm pit. For this answer first of all it is important to understand the parts of the arm or brachium. In anatomy the brachial/arm region of the human body starts at your shoulder and ends at your wrist.

Can you break your medial epicondyle?

A fracture of the medial epicondyle occurs most often as the result of what we call a FOOSH (fall onto an out-stretched hand). FOOSH injuries can happen from falls off a scooter skates or monkey bars as well as direct hits in sports like football hockey or lacrosse.

Why do my hands fall asleep when I bend my elbows?

Ulnar nerve compression is a nerve disorder that can cause numbness pain or tingling in the arm hand or fingers. When you bend your elbow the ulnar nerve—which travels from the shoulder to the hand—wraps around a bony ridge on the inside of the elbow called the medial epicondyle.

Why does my arm go numb when I hit my elbow?

If you’ve ever hit your elbow or “funny bone ” hard and felt a tingling down to your fingers you‘ve compressed your ulnar nerve. Leaning on your elbow for a long time can also irritate the nerve. Whenever you bend your elbow you’re forcing the nerve to stretch around the bones in the joint.

Why do I laugh when I hit my funny bone?

The first is that it’s based on the “funny feeling” you get when you hit your elbow in that not-so-sweet spot. The second is that it’s a play on words because the ulnar nerve runs along the upper arm bone called the humerus (sounds like “humorous”) that is between your elbow and shoulder.

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What is linea aspera?

The linea aspera is a longitudinally-oriented ridge on the posterior aspect of the femur to which several muscles of the thigh attach. It is comprised of medial and lateral lips which diverge at both its superior and inferior ends.

How do the distinct characteristics of the female pelvis make childbirth easier?

The lesser pelvic cavity is wider and more shallow in females and the pelvic outlet is larger than in males. Thus the greater width of the female pelvis with its larger pelvic inlet lesser pelvis and pelvic outlet are important for childbirth because the baby must pass through the pelvis during delivery.

Where is the condyle?

A condyle (/ˈkɒndəl/ or /ˈkɒndaɪl/ Latin: condylus from Greek: kondylos κόνδυλος knuckle) is the round prominence at the end of a bone most often part of a joint – an articulation with another bone. It is one of the markings or features of bones and can refer to: On the femur in the knee joint: Medial condyle.

Where is the linea aspera of the femur?

The linea aspera is the rough longitudinal irregular crest on the posterior surface of the shaft of the femur. It is formed by the joining of lateral and medial lips which may be separated by up to 10 mm [1]. It is divided distally into medial and lateral supracondylar ridges.

What is the area between the knee and ankle called?

The leg from the knee to the ankle is called the crus or cnemis /ˈniːmɪs/. The calf is the back portion and the tibia or shinbone together with the smaller fibula make up the front of the lower leg.

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What are the two largest tarsal bones?

The talus is the second largest tarsal bone and it is situated above the calcaneus in the hindfoot.

Why is the humerus called the humerus?

The word “humerus” is derived from Latin: humerus umerus meaning upper arm shoulder and is linguistically related to Gothic ams shoulder and Greek ōmos.

How do you stretch a medial epicondyle?

Wrist Extensor Stretch Hold the arm with the elbow straight and the palm facing down. Push downward on the back of the involved hand until a stretch is felt in the muscles on the outside of the forearm. Hold 15 seconds repeat 3 to 5 times 2 to 3 times per day.

What are the bones in your arms called?

Your arm is made up of three bones: the upper arm bone (humerus) and two forearm bones (the ulna and the radius).

Why is the funny bone?

It doesn’t really hurt as much as it feels weird. The “funny bone” got its nickname because of that funny feeling you get after you hit it. … Running down the inside part of your elbow is a nerve called the ulnar nerve. The ulnar nerve lets your brain know about feelings in your fourth and fifth fingers.

Which bone of the forearm is medial?

The ulna

Anatomical terms of bone

The ulna (pl. ulnae or ulnas) is a long bone found in the forearm that stretches from the elbow to the smallest finger and when in anatomical position is found on the medial side of the forearm. It runs parallel to the radius the other long bone in the forearm.

Is the Trochlea proximal or distal?

Humerus (Figure 3) — The distal end of the humerus has a unique set of bony features that articulate with the radius and ulna. The trochlea is the roughly hourglass-shaped feature on the distal end of the humerus.

Which nerve passes behind the medial epicondyle?

The ulnar nerve

The ulnar nerve normally runs in the groove formed by the medial epicondyle of the humerus and the olecranon process of the ulna.

What causes golfer elbow?

Golfer’s elbow also known as medial epicondylitis is caused by damage to the muscles and tendons that control your wrist and fingers. The damage is typically related to excess or repeated stress — especially forceful wrist and finger motions.

Does golfers elbow hurt to touch?

Golfer’s elbow is characterized by pain on the inside of the elbow. It usually only hurts when you move or touch it and the pain is sometimes also felt in the upper arm forearm or hand.

Tennis Elbow / Golfer’s Elbow – Everything You Need To Know – Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

Humerus Distal—Lateral Condyle and Medial Epicondyle Fractures

Mill’s Test⎟Lateral Epicondylitis or Tennis Elbow

Medial Epicondylitis Test⎟”Golfer’s Elbow”

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