What Is The Definition Of Acropolis

What is the definition of acropolis in Greek?

The term “acropolis” means “high city” in Greek and can refer to one of many natural strongholds constructed on rocky elevated ground in Greece but the Acropolis of Athens is the best known.

What is an acropolis kid definition?

The Acropolis is a group of ancient temples that were built on a high rocky hill in Athens Greece. The word acropolis even means ‘high city’ in Greek. … Many important buildings were built as part of the Acropolis and you can still visit what is left of them today.

What is the Acropolis What does the name mean )?

high city

The Greek root acro- means “high ” thus an acropolis is basically a “high city”. … The Greeks and Romans usually included in their acropolises temples to the city’s most important gods so for example Athens built a great temple on its Acropolis to its protector goddess Athena from which the city took its name.

What is a good sentence for acropolis?

The acropolis high above the main town was a safe haven for the populace in the event of a raid. The acropolis of the ancient city has been excavated. In the city a royal palace was built and a temple acropolis to which a straight paved street led from the city gate.

What’s the definition of a Hoplite?

hoplite heavily armed ancient Greek foot soldier whose function was to fight in close formation.

Was the Acropolis a citadel?

The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historical significance the most famous being the Parthenon.

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When was the Acropolis destroyed?

Another monumental temple was built towards the end of the 6th century and yet another was begun after the Athenian victory over the Persians at Marathon in 490 B.C. However the Acropolis was captured and destroyed by the Persians 10 years later (in 480 B.C.).

What is an example of acropolis?

The definition of an acropolis is a city or part of a city or area that is fortified at the top of something such as the ancient Greek cities. An example of an acropolis is the city of Athens which was built on a walled hill. … The Athenian Acropolis.

What is the Acropolis famous for?

The most famous acropolis is the one in Athens. The Athenian Acropolis is home to one of the most famous buildings in the world: the Parthenon. This temple was built for the goddess Athena. It was decorated with beautiful sculptures which represent the greatest achievement of Greek artists.

What is acropolis Wikipedia?

An acropolis (Ancient Greek: ἀκρόπολις akropolis from akros (άκρος) or akron (άκρον) “highest topmost outermost” and polis (πόλις) “city” plural in English: acropoles acropoleis or acropolises) was an ancient Greek settlement especially a citadel built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with

When was the Acropolis built?

Athens has the best-known acropolis built during the second half of the 5th century bc. The Athenian acropolis located on a craggy walled hill was built as a home of Athena the patron goddess of the city.

How old is acropolis?

It’s over 2 460 years old!

The history books say it started being built in 447 BC.

What is a synonym for Acropolis?

alcazar citadel donjon fastness fort fortification fortress hold keep manor mansion palace peel seat stronghold tower villa blockhouse camp castle.

What is the top of the Parthenon called?

Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. Throughout the centuries the Parthenon withstood earthquakes fire wars explosions and looting yet remains although battered a powerful symbol of Ancient Greece and Athenian culture.

How do you use monarchy in a sentence?

Monarchy in a Sentence ?
  1. In a complete monarchy the royal who runs the country makes all the major decisions for the nation.
  2. The country stopped being a monarchy after the peasants revolted against the selfish king and queen.

What Spartans called?


Lacedaemon Λακεδαίμων (Ancient Greek)
Common languages Doric Greek
Religion Greek polytheism
Government Diarchy

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What was a Greek state called?

A city-state or polis was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings.Mar 15 2019

What were Greek soldiers called?

Ancient Greek soldiers were called hoplites. Hoplites had to provide their own armor so only wealthier Greeks could be one. They had an attendant either a slave or a poorer citizen to help carry their equipment.

Where is the Acropolis?

Acropolis of Athens
The Acropolis of Athens is the most striking and complete ancient Greek monumental complex still existing in our times. It is situated on a hill of average height (156m) that rises in the basin of Athens.

Where is Athens located now?

Today we feature the city of Athens located in south-east Greece the capital and largest city of the country. Situated on the Attic plain on the Greek mainland it is surrounded by mountains on three sides the most important of which are Párnis Pendéli and Hymettus (Imittós).

How has the Acropolis changed over time?

Since the late 19th century the Acropolis of Athens has undergone systematic excavations and extensive restorations of its buildings. … The monuments have been damaged by the inclusion of steel as a reinforcing element embedded in the marble parts of the buildings.

Who bombed the Acropolis?

After the Ottoman conquest the Parthenon was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687 an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis.

What was located on the slope of the Acropolis?

The south slope of the Acropolis played a significant role in the artistic intellectual and religious activity of ancient Athens. It was here in the sunniest side of the hill the Athenians established the principal shrine of Dionysus in Attica and most importantly the theatre where the ancient Greek drama was born.

What is the meaning of Athens?

Definitions of Athens. the capital and largest city of Greece named after Athena (its patron goddess) “in the 5th century BC ancient Athens was the world’s most powerful and civilized city” synonyms: Athinai Greek capital capital of Greece. example of: national capital.

Who lived in Acropolis?

The Mycenaean civilization established many important centers one of which was Athens. The first inhabitants we can trace to the Acropolis of Athens were Mycenaean Kings who fortified the rock with massive eight-meter tall walls and built their palaces there in the 14th century BCE.

Did anyone live in the Acropolis?

Humans have inhabited the limestone slopes of what became the Acropolis for centuries they were likely drawn to the water from its natural springs. There’s evidence of habitation in the area dating back to the Neolithic period between 4000-3200 BCE with both a house and a grave identified from around this era.

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How many steps are in the Acropolis?

cberge. debintexas said: I understand there are 80 steps to the Acropolis.

What is the Acropolis Museum built?

The museum was built to house every artifact found on the rock and on the surrounding slopes from the Greek Bronze Age to Roman and Byzantine Greece. It also lies over the ruins of a part of Roman and early Byzantine Athens. The museum was founded in 2003 while the Organization of the Museum was established in 2008.

What was important about the Erechtheion location?

The Erechtheion was the first building that Nikolaos Balanos addressed during his Acropolis restoration project and thus the first place where he employed the techniques that were to prove so disastrous—the use of corrosive iron to reinforce fragile architectural members the cutting and removal of ancient stones and …

What are 3 different areas of the Acropolis?

It is an amazing example of the Ionic architecture composed of three different dimensions basic parts which are the main temple the northern and the southern porches. The two parts of the main temple are respectively dedicated to Athena and Poseidon.

What are 3 of the buildings on the Acropolis that were put up as part of this program?

Among the buildings that would be constructed was the Propylaea (a new entrance building) a sanctuary to Athena Nike a temple called the Erechtheion and of course the Parthenon an iconic temple dedicated to Athena whose name means “the house [or temple] of the virgin goddess.”

How many Parthenon’s are there in the world?

Today there is only one place where replicas of the Parthenon are still being made and experienced the digital realm. From VR applications to Assassin’s Creed Odyssey more and more people are attempting to recreate the feeling of being in the holy temple of Athena.

How old is Athens?

Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities with its recorded history spanning over 3 400 years and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.

Is the Acropolis a wonder of the world?

New 7 Wonders Finalist

The Athens Acropolis is home to many important archaeological sites. The most famous is the Parthenon a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena. … The Athens Acropolis is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

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