What Is The Force That Keeps A Main Sequence Star From Blowing Apart?

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What is the force that keeps a main sequence star from blowing up?

Stars on the main sequence are those that are fusing hydrogen into helium in their cores. The radiation and heat from this reaction keep the force of gravity from collapsing the star during this phase of the star’s life.

What forces a star like the Sun to evolve off the main sequence?

One-Solar Post-Main Sequence Evolution. Stars such as our Sun move off the main sequence and up the red giant branch (RGB) fusing hydrogen into helium in hydrogen shell burning. A very short helium flash sees the start of helium core fusion and the star moves along the horizontal branch (HB).

What is the characteristic of a main sequence star?

Main sequence stars fuse hydrogen atoms to form helium atoms in their cores. About 90 percent of the stars in the universe including the sun are main sequence stars. These stars can range from about a tenth of the mass of the sun to up to 200 times as massive. Stars start their lives as clouds of dust and gas.

Which event marks the birth of a star group of answer choices?

When the density and temperature at the core of the gravitationally collapsing nebula reaches values when nuclear fusion is triggered and sustained that marks the birth of the star.

What forces keep a star stable?

While self-gravity pulls the star inward and tries to make it collapse thermal pressure (heat created by fusion) pushes outward. These two forces cancel each other out in a main sequence star thus making it stable.

What are the two forces that act on a star?

Gravitational forces act to contract the star. Fusion reactions and heat convection act to expand the star. The two forces are balanced and the star remains stable in size and reactions.

Which stars leave the main sequence first?

The most luminous and massive stars found in the upper left part of the main sequence are the first to leave the main sequence their turnoff point in the H-R diagram can be used to clock the age of the star cluster.

Why does a star like the Sun leave the main sequence?

Why does a star like the Sun leave the main sequence? It runs out of hydrogen fuel for nuclear fusion in its core. As a low-mass main-sequence star runs out of fuel in its core it actually becomes brighter. … The outer layers expand due to the faster rate of fusion in a shell around the dead core.

When the Sun leaves the main sequence?

After the main sequence stage the Sun will rearrange itself its core will shrink and its outer layers will expand. This stage is called the Red Giant stage in which the Sun will burn Helium into Carbon. Since fusing Helium to Carbon is a very unstable process.

What does the main sequence represent?

The great majority are aligned along a narrow sequence running from the upper left (hot highly luminous) to the lower right (cool less luminous). This band of points is called the main sequence. It represents a relationship between temperature and luminosity that is followed by most stars.

What is the main sequence stage?

The main sequence is the stage where a star spends most of its existence. Relative to other stages in a star’s “life” it is extremely long our Sun took about 20 million years to form but will spend about 10 billion years (1 × 1010 years) as a main sequence star before evolving into a red giant.

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What is the defining process of a main sequence star?

Definition of a Main Sequence Star

A main sequence star is any star that is fusing hydrogen in its core and has a stable balance of outward pressure from core nuclear fusion and gravitational forces pushing inward.

Which force is most responsible for the formation of a star?

Gravity is the force responsible for stellar formation and the mass of material that forms at star largely determines its life and fate.

Where are stars born answer?

Star Formation

Stars are born within the clouds of dust and scattered throughout most galaxies. A familiar example of such as a dust cloud is the Orion Nebula. Turbulence deep within these clouds gives rise to knots with sufficient mass that the gas and dust can begin to collapse under its own gravitational attraction.

What process marks the birth of a star quizlet?

What process marks the “birth” of a star? A star is born from a protostar when the protostar becomes hot enough for nuclear fusion in its core to convert hydrogen to helium. After its birth a star continues to be in equilibrium.

What is the force involved in the process of star formation?

Stars form from an accumulation of gas and dust which collapses due to gravity and starts to form stars. The process of star formation takes around a million years from the time the initial gas cloud starts to collapse until the star is created and shines like the Sun.

What are the three forces involved in star formation?

But three forces counteract gravity and tend to prevent this collapse:
  • Inertia: massive objects resist changes of their motion. …
  • centrifugal force: The central cloud will form a star and planets will form in the disk. …
  • fission: into two clouds orbiting each other. …
  • Heat pressure: …
  • Magnetic pressure:

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What forces hold a star together in stellar equilibrium?

A star is in equilibrium when the pressures inside the star balance out the force of gravity. The pressure is thermal pressure resulting from the fusion reactions taking place in the star’s core. A star stays in equilibrium until the supply of hydrogen in the core is depleted.

Why is the main sequence star stable?

During the main sequence period of its life cycle a star is stable because the forces in it are balanced. The outward pressure from the expanding hot gases is balanced by the force of the star’s gravity. … Gravity pulls smaller amounts of dust and gas together which form planets in orbit around the star.

What are the two main forces that act on gases in a star Brainly?

Pressure and gravity are the two force act on the stars. ✴️ Pressure due to fusion reactions pushes outwards.

How do main sequence stars maintain a state known as equilibrium?

Stars in the main sequence have achieved a state of equilibrium which means that the forces pushing in and the forces pushing out are equal and balance each other out. As long as the star has enough fuel in its core to continue its fusion reaction the star will maintain equilibrium and stay a main sequence star.

What is a main sequence star quizlet?

Main sequence stars are stars that are fusing hydrogen atoms to form helium atoms in their cores. … A white dwarf is formed when a low-mass star has exhausted all its central nuclear fuel and lost its outer layers as a planetary nebula.

What causes a star to leave the main sequence quizlet?

What causes a star to leave the main sequence? The fuel begins to be used up. … Luminosity then increases as the core thermostat is broken – increasing fusion rate causing too much energy and the star expands (into a red giant) to increase its area and radiate more.

What main factor determines the stages a star will follow after the main sequence?

A star’s life cycle is determined by its mass. The larger its mass the shorter its life cycle. A star’s mass is determined by the amount of matter that is available in its nebula the giant cloud of gas and dust from which it was born.

What causes a star that is originally on the main sequence to leave the main sequence?

When stars run out of hydrogen they begin to fuse helium in their cores. This is when they leave the main sequence. High-mass stars become red supergiants and then evolve to become blue supergiants. It’s fusing helium into carbon and oxygen.

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What is the major factor predicting the fate of a star?

The ultimate fate of a star depends on its initial mass. A massive star ends with a violent explosion called a supernova. The matter ejected in a supernova explosion becomes a glowing supernova remnant.

What is an example of a main sequence star?

Main-sequence stars also called dwarf stars are stars that fuse hydrogen in their cores. … For example a blue O-type dwarf star is brighter than most red giants. Main-sequence stars belong to luminosity class V. There are also other objects called dwarfs known as white dwarfs.

When a star first leaves the main sequence what is happening in its core?

Star leaves main sequence- helium core shrinks and it’s outer envelope expands. In a red giant star after shrinking and expanding stop (few 100 mill years after solar mass star leaves the main sequence) helium begins to burn in the core.

When a star leaves the main sequence What element dominates the core?

When you measure the angle to a star at one end of earths orbit then the other and use geometry to determine distance to the star.

Will the Sun become a black hole?

Will the Sun become a black hole? No it’s too small for that! The Sun would need to be about 20 times more massive to end its life as a black hole. … In some 6 billion years it will end up as a white dwarf — a small dense remnant of a star that glows from leftover heat.

What is a main sequence star simple definition?

Definition of main sequence

: the group of stars that on a graph of spectrum versus luminosity forms a band comprising 90 percent of stellar types and that includes stars representative of the stages a normal star passes through during the majority of its lifetime.

What is characteristic of a main sequence star quizlet?

What is characteristic of a main sequence star? The rate of nuclear energy generated in the hydrogen to helium fusing core equals the rate radiated from the surface. The birth of stars is a battle between gravity and radiation pressure.

What does main sequence star mean according to the HR diagram?

The main sequence stretching from the upper left (hot luminous stars) to the bottom right (cool faint stars) dominates the HR diagram. … They have low surface temperatures and high luminosities which according to the Stefan-Boltzmann law means they also have large radii.

Which is the most common type of main sequence star?

Red dwarf stars

Red dwarf stars are the most common kind of stars in the Universe. These are main sequence stars but they have such low mass that they’re much cooler than stars like our Sun. They have another advantage.

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