What Is The Main Reason That Earth Is Warmer At The Equator Than At The North And South Poles?


What Is The Main Reason That Earth Is Warmer At The Equator Than At The North And South Poles??

Ultimately the temperature in an area depends on the amount of the Sun’s energy reaching the surface in that area. The amount of solar energy in a given area is greater at the equator than in an equal area at the poles which is why the equator temperature is warmer than the polar temperatures.Nov 22 2019

Why is it hotter at the equator than 30 degrees north and south?

The air that rises at the solar equator descends near 30 degrees N or S. Condensation has already removed much of its water as precipitation in the tropics and its capaciaty to evaporate and hold water increases further as it sinks and warms.

Why does the equator have warmer water than the Poles?

This means that at the equator one beam of sunlight is concentrated on a small area whereas at the north pole one beam covers a much larger area. The equator therefore receives much more intense sunlight than the north/south poles making the water at the equator warmer.

What causes areas closer to the equator to have warmer air than areas farther away?

Areas closer to the equator have warmer air than areas farther away because the sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface at a greater angle near the equator.

Why is it warmer in the summer than in the winter in a certain place?

During the summer the sun’s rays hit the Earth at a steep angle. … Also the long daylight hours allow the Earth plenty of time to reach warm temperatures. During the winter the sun’s rays hit the Earth at a shallow angle. These rays are more spread out which minimizes the amount of energy that hits any given spot.

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What is the main reason that some places on the Earth are warmer than others?

If you’re closer to sea level air is more dense can hold more heat while being higher up means that air is much thinner and much more efficient at evacuating heat. It’s also well known that the way the Earth tilts on its axis has a lot to do with the heat.

Why are some areas of the ocean warmer than others?

Because the Earth is round the angle of the surface relative to the incoming radiation differs with latitude. … These variations in solar energy mean that the ocean surface can vary in temperature from a warm 30°C (86°F) in the tropics to a very cold -2°C (28°F) near the poles.

Is the equator the hottest place on earth?

So the concept that the hottest place on earth is around the equator and the coolest is on the poles is wrong. It is hotter in the desert than around the equator because the weather in the desert is very dry so when the temperature rises and it doesn’t rain the temperature will rise even higher ….

Why is the climate colder the further you get from the equator?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.

Why is Ocean water near the equator warmer than ocean water far from the equator?

Answer: C. The sun’s rays strikes the water at an angle at the poles. Because the earth rotates at a tilted axis which causes the difference in temperature of water near the equator and water far from equator.

Why do areas with low latitudes have warmer air than areas at high latitudes?

Because the angle of radiation varies depending on the latitude surface temperatures on average are warmer at lower latitudes and cooler at higher latitudes (even though higher latitudes have more hours of daylight during the summer months).

Why are the areas near the equator hot and humid throughout the year?

The climate of a place is greatly influenced by its distance from the equator. The places near the equator are hotter because the rays of the sun fall vertically on the equator. Since the vertical rays cover a small area they are more concentrated. That is why it is hot at the equator.

What is the name of the warm region near the equator?


The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical temperate and polar. The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical.

Why is the Earth warmer in the summer?

During the summer the sun’s rays hit the Earth at a steep angle. The light does not spread out as much thus increasing the amount of energy hitting any given spot. Also the long daylight hours allow the Earth plenty of time to reach warm temperatures.

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Why are summers warmer in the northern hemisphere?

Earth is actually a little farther from the sun when the Northern Hemisphere is having summer. … The combination of more direct rays of sunlight and more hours of daylight causes the hemisphere tilted toward the sun to receive more solar radiation and to have warmer temperatures.

What is the primary reason New York State is warmer in July than in February?

What is the primary reason the United States is warmer in July than in February? The Earth is traveling faster in its orbit in February. The altitude of the noon Sun is greater in February. The insolation in the United States is greater in July.

Why is it hotter near the equator ks2?

Why is it hot at the Equator and cold at the poles? Due to the tilt of the Earth the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. … This means more heat from the sun makes it to the surface of the Earth.

Where is the hottest place on earth?

Death Valley
Death Valley California USA The aptly named Furnace Creek currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded. The desert valley reached highs of 56.7C in the summer of 1913 which would apparently push the limits of human survival.Sep 2 2021

Why is the land warmer in the daytime when compared to the ocean?

During the day the land surface heats up faster than the water surface. Therefore the air above the land is warmer than the air above the ocean. … Recall that the land surface cools quicker than the water surface at night. Therefore the warmer air over the ocean is buoyant and is rising.

Why are the hottest and coldest places on Earth over land and not over water?

Why are the hottest and coldest places on Earth found over land and not over water? Water has a very high specific heat capacity. … Land is able to heat up and to a higher temperature than water. Water heats up less quickly and to a lower temperature than land.

What is warmer during the night land or sea ocean?

The sea has a greater heat capacity than land so the surface of the sea warms up more slowly than the surface of the land. As the temperature of the surface of the land rises the land heats the air above it by convection.

Why tropics are warmer?

The sun shines more directly on the tropics than on higher latitudes (at least in the average over a year) which makes the tropics warm (Stevens 2011). … Because of these differences clouds and rain are more difficult to forecast in the tropics than at higher latitudes.

What’s the temperature at the equator?

Average annual temperatures in equatorial lowlands are around 31 °C (88 °F) during the afternoon and 23 °C (73 °F) around sunrise. Rainfall is very high away from cold ocean current upwelling zones from 2 500 to 3 500 mm (100 to 140 in) per year.

Why tropics are usually hot?

The tropics are warm all year averaging 25 to 28 degrees Celsius (77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit). This is because the tropics get more exposure to the sun. Because of all that sun the tropics don’t experience the kind of seasons the rest of the Earth does. … Other areas in the tropics have a drier climate.

Why is it warmer in the south?

The southern hemisphere is warmer than the northern hemisphere because more of its surface area is water.

Why is the equator not the hottest place on earth?

This is because as the dry air descends from high altitudes its compression leads to an increase in its temperature. … Therefore air temperature in the tropics (42 degrees Celsius) is greater than that of the Equator (30 degrees Celsius). This is why tropical regions are hotter than the Equator.

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Why are the coldest places on Earth found at the poles?

Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. The Sun is always low on the horizon even in the middle of summer. In winter the Sun is so far below the horizon that it doesn’t come up at all for months at a time. … The Arctic is ocean surrounded by land.

Which statement best explains why areas close to Earth equator tend to be warmer than areas farther away from the equator?

Different parts of Earth’s surface receive different amounts of sunlight. The sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface most directly at the equator. This focuses the rays on a small area. Because the rays hit more directly the area is heated more.

Which type of energy causes the equator to be hotter than the North Pole apex?

The strong sunlight at the equator (and weak sunlight at the poles) makes the tropics warmer than the Arctic.

Why do places at low latitude have warm climate?

Equatorial and tropical air forms under the influence of the highest radiation balance in the world. … This is one of the reasons that the annual air temperature range is very low in these latitudes. The annual range of precipitation is much more significant.

Why places found in the low latitudes have high temperature?

In lower latitudes when the sun is positioned directly above Earth’s surface at 90 degrees (like it looks at noon) the radiation from the sun strikes the Earth’s surface at right angles. In response to the direct radiation from the sun these regions experience high temperatures.

Why do parts of the low latitude zone have warm to hot climates Brainly?

Portions of the low latitude zone receive direct rays from the sun year-round and therefore have warm to hot climates. … *Winds occur because sunlight heats the Earth’s atmosphere and surface unevenly.

Why is it more humid at the equator?

Oceans form a big portion of the equatorial area and solar irradiance cause to huge amounts of evapotranspiration over these oceans in other hand because warm weather has more humidity capacity thus humidity level in equatorial air is high. … So equatorial regions are most humid part of the word.

How do the winds altitude and humidity affect the climate of a place?

Winds distribute and spread particular air masses. The direction of the wind helps to determine the climate of a region. The wind coming from the humid region bring cool air while that from the dry region would bring hot air.

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