What Is The Reference Point For Lines Of Latitude

What is the point of reference for lines of latitude?

The primary reference line of latitude is the Equator and the primary reference line of longitude is the Prime Meridian. The Equator is an imaginary reference line drawn around the Earth halfway between the North and South poles.

What is the name of the reference point for the latitude system?

The Equator is the line of 0 degrees latitude. Each parallel measures one degree north or south of the Equator with 90 degrees north of the Equator and 90 degrees south of the Equator. The latitude of the North Pole is 90 degrees N and the latitude of the South Pole is 90 degrees S.

When measuring the latitude What is the reference point?

For latitude the Equator was designated as the zero degree reference line which is equidistant from the poles. The poles then became 90 degrees north and south. Longitude uses the Prime Meridian or Greenwich Line as zero degrees with other lines marked as east or west of this line.

What is the reference point beginning for latitude?

The equator is the starting point for measuring latitude–that’s why it’s marked as 0 degrees latitude.

What is the reference for parallels of latitude?

All parallel circles from the equator to the poles are known as parallels of latitudes. The lines of reference running from the North Pole to the South Pole are known as meridians of longitude.

What is the descriptions of the lines of latitude?

Latitude lines are geographical coordinates that are used to specify the north and south sides of the Earth. Lines of latitude also called parallels run from east to west in circles parallel to the equator. They run perpendicular to the lines of longitude which run from the north to the south.

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What is the name of the reference line or zero line for longitude?

The prime meridian is the line of 0° longitude the starting point for measuring distance both east and west around the Earth.

Which of the following is the reference point when locating the longitude of a place?

As the prime meridian the north–south line at Greenwich is used as the reference point for all other meridians of longitude which are numbered east or west of it.

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How do lines of latitude or parallels run on the globe?

Parallels of latitude are imaginary reference lines that form complete circles around the earth parallel to the equator and parallel to each other. Every point on a parallel of latitude is the same distance from the equator and thus the angle formed between the equator and the latitude line is constant.

How were lines of latitude determined?

The first instruments used at sea to measure latitude were the quadrant and the astrolabe both of which had been used for years by astronomers to measure the inclination of stars. … To determine your exact location you also need to measure your line of longitude.

Which way do the lines of latitude measure?

Lines of latitude run East-West while lines of longitude run North-South.

How are lines of latitude and longitude measured?


These lines called latitude and longitude assign numbers to every location on the map. The unit of measurement for latitude and longitude is called a degree which is indicated by a small circle to the upper left after a latitude or longitude is given (ex. 60°).

What is the correct meaning of the word latitude?

1 : the distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees. 2 : a region marked by its distance north or south of the equator cold latitudes. 3 : freedom to act or speak as desired Students weren’t given much latitude in deciding what to study.

What is the distance of one degree of latitude?

69 miles

One degree of latitude equals approximately 364 000 feet (69 miles) one minute equals 6 068 feet (1.15 miles) and one-second equals 101 feet. One-degree of longitude equals 288 200 feet (54.6 miles) one minute equals 4 800 feet (0.91 mile) and one second equals 80 feet.

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Why lines of latitude are called parallels of latitude?

Circles of latitude are often called parallels because they are parallel to each other that is planes that contain any of these circles never intersect each other. A location’s position along a circle of latitude is given by its longitude.

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What is line of latitude and longitude?

To find out how far north or south a place is lines of latitude are used. These lines run parallel to the Equator. To find out how far east or west a place is lines of longitude are used. These lines run from the top of the Earth to the bottom.

What is a parallel of latitude on a map?

Parallels on maps are the lines you see that are from left to right. … Parallels represent latitude and meridians represent longitude. The two sets form a grid that sections off maps into the four directions: north south east and west.

What is another word lines of latitude?

tropic line horse latitude polar circle latitude parallel parallel of l…

How does latitude differ from longitude?

Latitude implies the geographic coordinates that determine the distance of a point north-south of the equator. Longitude alludes to the geographic coordinate which identifies the distance of a point east-west of the Prime Meridian.

Are lines of longitude while are lines of latitude?

Longitude is related to latitude the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are called parallels. Maps are often marked with parallels and meridians creating a grid. The point in the grid where parallels and meridians intersect is called a coordinate.

Where is longitude 0 and latitude 0?

Gulf of Guinea
Location of 0 Latitude 0 Longitude To be exact the intersection of zero degrees latitude and zero degrees longitude falls about 380 miles south of Ghana and 670 miles west of Gabon. 1 This location is in the tropical waters of the eastern Atlantic Ocean in an area called the Gulf of Guinea.Jan 30 2020

What is the name of zero degrees latitude?

the Equator
Zero degrees latitude is the line designating the Equator and divides the Earth into two equal hemispheres (north and south). The Equator is the line of zero degrees latitude around the middle of Earth.Sep 17 2015

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What are the two reference points for locating places on the Earth?

There are two reference points on the Earth- the North Pole and South Pole. With the help of these two points it has been possible to draw the Equator as it lies exactly midway between the poles. In order to locate places accurately a network of lines are drawn o the globe.

What is the latitude and longitude of Manila Philippines?

14.5995° N 120.9842° E

Where is the Philippines located in terms of its latitude and longitude?

GPS Coordinates and Borders of the Philippines

The Philippines are located at a latitude of 14° 34′ 59.99″ N and a longitude of 121° 00′ 0.00″ E. The latitude of the Philippines expresses the country’s location relative to the equator. That said the Philippines is above the equator and part of the northern hemisphere.

How do we mark latitude on a globe?

Answer: Degrees of latitude are measured from an imaginary point at the center of the earth. If the earth was cut in half this imaginary point would be intersected by a line drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole and by a line drawn from the equator on one side of the earth to the equator on the other.

How do you use latitude and longitude?

What is latitude in writing?

Lines of latitude are horizontal lines dividing the globe. They stretch from east to west starting at the equator. The equator’s line of latitude is marked by 0 degrees. When writing latitude and longitude use the symbol “°” to indicate degrees.

What is latitude in social studies?

noun. Geography. the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth’s surface measured on the meridian of the point. a place or region as marked by this distance.

What are latitudes Class 5?

Answer: Imaginary line drawn parallel to the equator which run east to west on earth’s surface are called latitudes.

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