What Is The Relationship Between The Area A Force Is Applied To And The Resulting Pressure?
What is the relationship between the area a force is applied to and the resulting pressure? The same force applied to a smaller area results in a greater pressure.
What’s the relationship between pressure and volume?
As the pressure on a gas increases the volume of the gas decreases because the gas particles are forced closer together. Conversely as the pressure on a gas decreases the gas volume increases because the gas particles can now move farther apart.
The pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume when temperature is constant. The product of pressure and volume is constant when temperature is constant. This relationship is known as Boyle’s law or Mariotte’s law .
Why does a gas in a closed container exert pressure?
The pressure exerted by a gas is due to the random motion of particles in the gas. Gases have weak intermolecular forces and the particles are in continuous random motion and these particles collide with the walls of the container. These collisions with the walls of the container exert pressure on the gas.
What is meant by the partial pressure of each gas within a mixture of gases?
Explain what is meant by the partial pressure of each gas within a mixture of gases. The pressure of each gas in a mixture is the partial pressure. … The pressure and the volume together equal a constant. If one increases the other one decreases. This can be expressed by Boyle’s law.
Which of the following best describes the relationship between pressure and volume?
This relationship between pressure and volume is known as Boyle’s lawA law that states that at constant temperature the volume of a fixed amount of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure. after its discoverer and can be stated as follows: At constant temperature the volume of a fixed amount of a gas is …
What is the relationship between pressure and volume quizlet?
PRESSURE: VOLUME RELATIONSHIPS IN GASES (BOYLE’S LAW)
A device for measuring atmospheric pressure. The inverse relationship between pressure and volume of gases such that as pressure increases volume decreases by the same fraction of change Temperature and number of molecules remain constant.
What is the relationship between the volume and temperature of a gas?
Charles’s law states that the volume of a given amount of gas is directly proportional to its temperature on the kelvin scale when the pressure is held constant.
What is the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas at constant temperature quizlet?
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at constant temperature when volume increase pressure decreases. You just studied 5 terms!
What is the relationship between volume and temperature if pressure constant quizlet?
Terms in this set (19)
How are the pressure volume and temperature of a gas related? If the temperature is constant as the pressure of a gas increases the volume decreases. If pressure is constant how does a change in temperature affect the volume of a gas?
How does a gas exert pressure Why does heating the gas increase the pressure?
Heating increases pressure
If a gas is heated its particles move around more quickly. They hit the walls of their container harder and more often. This increases the pressure. Sometimes the pressure gets so great that the container bursts.
What causes a gas to exert pressure?
Gas pressure is caused by the force exerted by gas molecules colliding with the surfaces of objects (Figure 1). Although the force of each collision is very small any surface of appreciable area experiences a large number of collisions in a short time which can result in a high pressure.
Why does the pressure inside a container of gas increase if more gas is added to the container?
Why does the pressure inside a container of gas increase if more gas is added to the container? Correct! As the number of particles increases in a container there are more collisions of the particles with the sides of the container which increases pressure.
What is the relationship between the amount of gas in a mixture and its partial pressure?
FIGURE 9.11 The total pressure of a mixture of gases equals the sum of the individual gas pressures. A corollary of this law is that in a mixture of gases the percent of each gas in the total volume is the same as the percent of each partial pressure in the total pressure.
What is the difference between pressure and partial pressure?
Pressure – It is the amount of perpendicur force applied on the unit area of the object. Partial pressure – In a mixture of gases it is the force exerted by a single gas if it occupied the entire volume of the mixture at a given temperature.
What is partial pressure of a dissolved gas?
In a mixture of gases each constituent gas has a partial pressure which is the notional pressure of that constituent gas if it alone occupied the entire volume of the original mixture at the same temperature. … The partial pressure of a gas is a measure of thermodynamic activity of the gas’s molecules.
Which term best describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas?
Pressure and volume are inversely proportional to one another. The gas laws describe the behavior of gases under specific conditions of temperature pressure and volume. … The ideal gas law states that the relationship between these properties or variables in a mathematical formula. The ideal gas law is PV = nRT.
Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between pressure and volume for an ideal gas?
Which of the following correctly describes the relationship between pressure and volume? As volume increases pressure decreases proportionally.
What relationship between pressure and volume is being depicted in the graph?
Since P and V are inversely proportional a graph of 1/P vs. V is linear. Figure 6. The relationship between pressure and volume is inversely proportional.
Does volume and pressure have an inverse relationship?
According to Boyle’s Law an inverse relationship exists between pressure and volume. Boyle’s Law holds true only if the number of molecules (n) and the temperature (T) are both constant.
What is the relationship between volume and pressure of an ideal gas quizlet?
At a constant temperature the volume of a fixed mass of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its pressure.
Does pressure and volume have direct relationships?
What equation represent the relationship between volume and temperature?
This empirical relation formulated by the physicist Robert Boyle in 1662 states that the pressure (p) of a given quantity of gas varies inversely with its volume (v) at constant temperature i.e. in equation form pv = k a constant.
When the temperature of a gas decreases its volume?
If you decrease the temperature of a fixed amount of gas at constant pressure the combined gas law reduces to Charles’s law. In this case volume will also decrease.
What happens to the volume of gas if the temperature increases?
The volume of the gas increases as the temperature increases. As temperature increases the molecules of the gas have more kinetic energy. They strike the surface of the container with more force. If the container can expand then the volume increases until the pressure returns to its original value.
What is the relationship between temperature and pressure quizlet?
The pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the temperature.
What is the relationship between temperature and volume if the number of moles is constant?
A plot of the effect of temperature on the volume of a gas at constant pressure shows that the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of that gas. This is stated as Avogadro’s law.
What is relationship between pressure and volume if the number of moles is constant?
At constant temperature and pressure the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of gas. At constant temperature and volume the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of gas. Or you could think about the problem a bit and use PV=nRT.
When using the combined gas law formula if pressure is constant What is the relationship between volume and temperature?
For a given quantity of gas it has been found experimentally that the volume of the gas is inversely proportional to the pressure applied to the gas when the temperature is kept constant. That is V∝1P at a constant T.
How does a gas exert pressure quizlet?
Gas exerts pressure on the walls of its container because the particles collide with the wall. … If the volume of the container gets bigger the pressure will be smaller. If the volume of the container gets smaller the pressure will be bigger.
What happens when pressure increases on a gas?
Boyle found that when the pressure of gas at a constant temperature is increased the volume of the gas decreases. … this relationship between pressure and volume is called Boyle’s law. So at constant temperature the answer to your answer is: the volume decreases in the same ratio as the ratio of pressure increases.
How do gas molecules exert a force on a solid surface?
The molecules are continually colliding with each other and with the walls of the container. When a molecule collides with the wall they exert small force on the wall The pressure exerted by the gas is due to the sum of all these collision forces. The more particles that hit the walls the higher the pressure.
What law describes the relationship between temperature and pressure?
Do gases also exert pressure?
Yes liquids and gases also exert pressure.
Water or air pressure also depends on the area on which the force is applied.
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