What Is The Result Of Convection Currents In The Atmosphere

What Is The Result Of Convection Currents In The Atmosphere?

It is this movement that creates circulation patterns known as convection currents in the atmosphere in water and in the mantle of Earth. In the atmosphere as air warms it rises allowing cooler air to flow in underneath. Along with the turning of the Earth this movement of air creates winds.It is this movement that creates circulation patterns known as convection currents in the atmosphere in water and in the mantle of Earth

mantle of Earth
Earth’s mantle is a layer of silicate rock between the crust and the outer core. It has a mass of 4.01 × 1024 kg and thus makes up 67% of the mass of Earth. It has a thickness of 2 900 kilometres (1 800 mi) making up about 84% of Earth’s volume.

What was the result of convectional currents?

a. Convectional currents impacts the earth’s crust that cause tectonic plates to move. … Large convection currents transfer heat causing divergent plate boundaries.

What are convection currents in the atmosphere and how do they affect weather?

During convection cooler water or air sinks and warmer water or air rises. This movement causes currents. These currents move water all around the earth bringing warm water to cooler areas and vice versa. This redistributes thermal energy and causes changes in the weather.

How does convection currents affect the plates?

The convection currents move the plates. Where convection currents diverge near the Earth’s crust plates move apart. Where convection currents converge plates move towards each other. The movement of the plates and the activity inside the Earth is called plate tectonics .

What do convection currents do in the mantle?

Convection currents within the mantle provide one potential driving force for plate movement. The plastic movement of the mantle material moves like the flow of mountain glaciers carrying the lithospheric plates along as the convection movement in the mantle moves the asthenosphere.

What are convection currents in geography?

Convection currents that occur within the molten rock in the mantle act like a conveyor belt for the plates. Tectonic plates move in different directions. … The friction between the convection current and the crust causes the tectonic plate to move. The liquid rock then sinks back towards the core as it cools.

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What is convection and why is it important?

Convection currents are the result of differential heating. … Lighter (less dense) warm material rises while heavier (more dense) cool material sinks. Convection also plays a role in the movement of deep ocean waters and contributes to oceanic currents.

How does convection affect precipitation?

Convective uplift occurs when air near the ground is warmed by the sun and begins to rise. Air rises and cools forming clouds and precipitation. … The rising warm air cools to produce clouds and precipitation.

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How does convection affect the formation of mountains?

As tectonic plates slowly move away from each other heat from the mantle’s convection currents makes the crust more plastic and less dense. The less-dense material rises often forming a mountain or elevated area of the seafloor. Eventually the crust cracks.

How does convection in Earth’s mantle affects the formation of landmass like volcano and mountain?

When warm material in the mantle rises up to the surface (ground) it. will cool and sinks these cooled materials will eventually be turned into. landmass.

How does convection in Earth’s interior affect the temperature in our atmosphere?

Convection works by areas of a liquid or gas heating or cooling greater than their surroundings causing differences in temperature. These temperature differences then cause the areas to move as the hotter less dense areas rise and the cooler more dense areas sink.

What are convection currents 7?

A convection current is a process that involves the movement of energy from one place to another. It is also called convection heat transfer. … The heat energy can be transferred by the process of convection by the difference occurring in temperature between the two parts of the fluid.

How does convection current create changes in the landforms of the earth?

The core heats up the magma and causes a convection current. When magma comes to the top of the mantle it pushes against tectonic plates which are huge slabs of rock which the crust rests on. … The movement of the plates can lead to volcanic eruptions earthquakes tsunamis and mountain-range formation.

Which best describes convection currents in Earth’s mantle?

Which best describes the convection currents in Earth’s mantle? … They transfer thermal energy away from Earth’s core toward its crust.

What is a convection in physics?

convection process by which heat is transferred by movement of a heated fluid such as air or water. … Atmospheric convection currents can be set up by local heating effects such as solar radiation (heating and rising) or contact with cold surface masses (cooling and sinking).

How does convection work in the atmosphere?

Convection happens because warm air is less dense than the cold air around it so it is lighter and rises or goes up in the atmosphere. … There is a constant balancing act going on all the time in our atmosphere as moist warm air goes upward and cooler denser air moves down.

What is convection in our atmosphere?

Convection. Convection is the transfer of heat energy in a fluid. … As it rises the bubble cools with the heat contained in the bubble moving into the atmosphere. As the hot air mass rises the air is replaced by the surrounding cooler more dense air what we feel as wind.

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How does convection play a major role in the atmosphere?

Answer. Convection carries air containing water vapour upwards so the air just above the surface does not become ‘saturated’ (Section 1.2. … Continued rise and further cooling then results in the condensation of water vapour onto aerosols in the air: clouds form and latent heat is released to the atmosphere.

How convection in Earth’s interior and conduction in the surface affect the?

The temperature in our atmosphere is influenced by conduction radiation and convection from the earth’s interior and surface. … Conduction has a direct effect on air temperature only a few millimeters into the atmosphere. During the day sunlight heats the soil which then heats the air directly above it by conduction.

How do convection currents cause volcanoes to erupt?

Convection current movements create a push and pull effect creating the volcanic trenches which are formed when two plates collide. … If the magma continues to rise towards the surface of the gap the formation of another volcano may take place.

How is convection in Earth’s interior?

Convection currents within Earth’s mantle form as material near the core heats up. … Convection currents within Earth’s mantle form as material near the core heats up. As the core heats the bottom layer of mantle material particles move more rapidly decreasing its density and causing it to rise.

How does convection affect Earth’s mantle?

The mantle is heated from below cooled from above and its overall temperature decreases over long periods of time. All these elements contribute to mantle convection. Convection currents transfer hot buoyant magma to the lithosphere at plate boundaries and hot spots.

How does convection current in the mantle affect the landmass on the surface of the earth?

Geologists have hypothesized that the movement of tectonic plates is related to convection currents in the earth’s mantle. … Tremendous heat and pressure within the earth cause the hot magma to flow in convection currents. These currents cause the movement of the tectonic plates that make up the earth’s crust.

How does mantle convection affects the chemical composition of the ocean?

Mantle convection is the main way heat from Earth’s interior is transported to its surface and this heat escapes principally through mid-ocean ridges. … This is how the hydrothermal circulation influences ocean composition.

How do three major processes of heat affect the temperature of the earth?

How do the 3 major processes of heat transfer affect the temperature of the earth? Heat can be transferred by three processes: conduction convection and radiation. … The process of heat exchange between the Sun and the Earth through radiation controls the temperatures at the Earth’s surface.

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What are two factors that affects conduction on the earth’s surface?

Thanks to physics we know that conduction is affected by temperature difference the area of conduction the distance the heat must travel and the amount of time that passes.

How does convection transfer heat?

Convective heat transfer is the transfer of heat between two bodies by currents of moving gas or fluid. In free convection air or water moves away from the heated body as the warm air or water rises and is replaced by a cooler parcel of air or water.

What is a convection current example?

A simple example of convection currents is warm air rising toward the ceiling or attic of a house. Warm air is less dense than cool air so it rises. Wind is an example of a convection current. Sunlight or reflected light radiates heat setting up a temperature difference that causes the air to move.

What are the three main effects of convection current on earth?

Some geologists believe convection currents within the earth are a contributing cause of volcanoes earthquakes and continental drift.

What is electric convection current?

(Or convective current.) Any current of air involved in convection. Any net transport of electric charge effected through mass motions of some charged medium any electric current induced by other than electrical forces. …

How do convection currents help form underwater mountains quizlet?

How do convection currents help form underwater mountains? As the hot magma rises it comes up between tectonic plates and spreads outward causing the oceanic ridges to rise and form mountains.

Which best describes the convection currents Brainly?

Explanation: Convection currents move thermal energy from the stove to the pot and then from the pot to the water. … Convection currents in the water cause warmer denser water to rise and transfer energy upward.

Which best describes the shape of a convection current?

The shape of a convection current would be circular. Convection currents are caused by the very hot material at the deepest part of the mantle rising then cooling sinking again and then heating rising and repeating the cycle over and over.

Which best describes the process of convection?

Q. Which best describes the process of convection? … Convection is the primary way heat travels through appliances. Convection is the primary way heat travels through liquids and gasses.

Convection

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Weather IQ: Convection currents

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