What Is Uncertainty Reduction Theory


What is the concept of uncertainty reduction theory?

uncertainty reduction theory (URT)

a social theory of relationship development proposing that there is a need to gain information about other people through communication (reducing uncertainty) in order to be able to predict and explain the behavior of those individuals better. [

What is uncertainty reduction theory example?

Uncertainty Reduction Theory

It states that people need to reduce uncertainty about other individuals by gaining information about them. For example your friend Sam invites you to join her and her co-workers for dinner. … This gives you a feeling of uncertainty. You feel a need to know more about this person.

What is uncertainty reduction theory quizlet?

What does Uncertainty Reduction Theory explain? -It explains how we use communication (both verbal and nonverbal) as a tool to find out information about others in order to feel comfortable in our daily interactions.

Why is uncertainty reduction theory important?

The uncertainty reduction theory explores the initial interaction between people that occurs before the actual communication process and is hence also known as initial interaction theory. … They wanted to explain how interpersonal communication is used to reduce uncertainty between strangers during initial interaction.

What do you mean by uncertainty?

uncertainty doubt dubiety skepticism suspicion mistrust mean lack of sureness about someone or something. uncertainty may range from a falling short of certainty to an almost complete lack of conviction or knowledge especially about an outcome or result.

What are the three strategies for reducing uncertainty?

These three options reflect three strategies of URT for gaining information and thus reducing uncertainty: passive active and interactive (Berger 1979 Berger & Bradac 1982).

How do you reduce uncertainty?

For example one way to estimate the amount of time it takes something to happen is to simply time it once with a stopwatch. You can decrease the uncertainty in this estimate by making this same measurement multiple times and taking the average.

What is the difference between risk reduction and uncertainty reduction?

In risk you can predict the possibility of a future outcome while in uncertainty you cannot. Risks can be managed while uncertainty is uncontrollable. Risks can be measured and quantified while uncertainty cannot. You can assign a probability to risks events while with uncertainty you can’t.

Is uncertainty reduction theory objective?

In 1975 communications researchers Charles Berger and Richard Calebrese developed the uncertainty reduction theory (URT). Their objective was to understand how two individuals communicate with each other during an initial encounter.

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What tradition is uncertainty reduction theory?

The uncertainty reduction theory also known as initial interaction theory developed in 1975 by Charles Berger and Richard Calabrese is a communication theory from the post-positivist tradition.

What is the first phase of the uncertainty reduction theory?

What is the first phase of the uncertainty reduction theory? When communicators begin to share attitudes beliefs values and more personal data the personal stage begins. During this phase the communicators feel less constrained by rules and norms and tend to communicate more freely with each other.

What are the uncertainty management strategies?

As part of uncertainty management there are four primary strategies:
  • Direct information seeking.
  • Adapting to chronic uncertainty.
  • Relying on social support from others to manage uncertainty.

How does uncertainty reduction theory help us understand how groups form?

The theory suggests that human beings are uncomfortable with uncertainty and seek the means to predict the trajectory of social interactions. In attempting to reduce that uncertainty people tend to utilize passive active and interactive strategies to help predict and explain someone’s behavior during an interaction.

How does uncertainty affect communication?

The effect of anxiety and uncertainty on avoidance was examined through communication between strangers of the same and different cultures. The results indicate that anxiety and uncertainty are associated with avoidance in communication with strangers from both the same and different cultures.

Who started the uncertainty reduction theory?

Charles Berger

Uncertainty reduction theory (URT) was originally created to explain the communication process that occurs when two strangers interact. Charles Berger and Richard Calabrese (1975) observed that when we interact with strangers we experience uncertainty because we don’t really know what to expect.

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What is uncertainty with example?

Uncertainty is defined as doubt. When you feel as if you are not sure if you want to take a new job or not this is an example of uncertainty. When the economy is going bad and causing everyone to worry about what will happen next this is an example of an uncertainty.

What causes uncertainty?

Uncertainty is a major cause of stress

Uncertainty interrupts our ability to plan for the future. Normally our brains make decisions for the future based on our past experiences. When the future is uncertain or we’re experiencing something new we can’t rely on past experiences to inform our decision-making.

What are the types of uncertainty?

We distinguish three basic forms of uncertainty—modal empirical and normative—corresponding to the nature of the judgement that we can make about the prospects we face or to the nature of the question we can ask about them.

What are the two types of uncertainty?

1. Factual uncertainty is uncertainty about the actual world about the way things are – the facts. 2. Counterfactual uncertainty is uncertainty about non-actual worlds about the way things could or would be if things were other than the way they are – the counterfacts.

How many axioms are in uncertainty reduction theory?

seven axioms

The results of the studies form the foundation of the theory seven axioms and 21 theorems. The following are the axioms set forth by Berger and Calabrese in their paper: Axiom 1: Strangers enter an interaction with high levels of uncertainty about the other.

How planning reduces the risk of uncertainty?

Planning reduces the risk of uncertainity: → By guiding an organization in the right direction it accredits its managers to analyse and anticipate changes. This leads to a reduction in uncertainty of the foreseen events.

How can systematic uncertainty be reduced?

Systematic error can be minimized by routinely calibrating equipment using controls in experiments warming up instruments prior to taking readings and comparing values against standards.

How do you reduce random uncertainty?

If you reduce the random error of a data set you reduce the width (FULL WIDTH AT HALF MAXIMUM) of a distribution or the counting noise (POISSON NOISE) of a measurement. Usually you can reduce random error by simply taking more measurements.

What is uncertainty in risk?

Risk is the situation under which the decision outcomes and their probabilities of occurrences are known to the decision-maker and uncertainty is the situation under which such information is not available to the decision-maker.

What is uncertainty in financial management?

Uncertainty simply means the lack of certainty or sureness of an event. In accounting. … The term is often widely used in financial accounting especially because there are many events that are beyond a company’s control that can greatly affect its transactions.

What are the examples of risk and uncertainty?

For example we all know that scientifically Maharashtra is earthquake prone. But it is uncertain whether the earthquake will hit the region in the next 3 years of 5 years. Since the event itself is uncertain despite being possible it is hard to measure the outcomes.

When was the uncertainty reduction theory?

Charley Berger and Richard Calabrese created the Uncertainty Reduction Theory in 1975 in an attempt to describe the communication process when people meet for the first time. The theory is concerned with how people communicate and how knowledge is shared and understood.

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Who applied uncertainty reduction theory to intercultural communication?

Terms in this set (33) Gudykunst applied the uncertainty reduction theory to develop the concept of the “stranger” – People in other groups that act in ways different from one’s own culture.

Can uncertainty be eliminated in a project?

Uncertainty cannot be eliminated by any estimation methods. It arises partly because of imperfect knowledge of what to do and how long it should take and partly because of unpredictable events. The nature of task estimates is such that uncertainty biases deviations up on average relative to expected values.

What is difference between risk and uncertainty?

Risk is the chance that an investment’s actual outcome will differ from the expected outcome while uncertainty is the lack of certainty about an event. The main difference between risk and uncertainty is that risk is measurable while uncertainty is not measurable or predictable.

What are the four levels of uncertainty?

The authors present four levels of uncertainty: 1) A predictable future 2) Alternate futures 3) A range of futures 4) True ambiguity.

How do you prepare uncertainty?

Confronting Uncertainty
  1. Apply appropriate analytic tools to identify strategic options. If you envision: Only a few future scenarios. …
  2. Select a strategic posture. Strategic postures clarify your strategic intent. …
  3. Build a portfolio of strategic moves. Use one or more of these moves depending on your strategic posture:

What is the effect of uncertainty?


What is low uncertainty?

Low uncertainty avoidance is flexible and tolerant of ambiguity while high uncertainty avoidance preferes planning and certainty.

Uncertainty Reduction Theory

Uncertainty Reduction Theory

Charles Berger on Uncertainty Reduction Theory

Uncertainty Reduction Theory

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