What Makes Mitochondria And Chloroplasts Different From Other Organelles

What Makes Mitochondria And Chloroplasts Different From Other Organelles?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell.

Mitochondria vs Chloroplast.
Mitochondria Chloroplast
Energy is released by breaking down organic food producing carbon dioxide and water Stores energy and uses carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose

What makes mitochondria and chloroplasts unique to organelles?

Both the chloroplast and the mitochondrion are organelles found in the cells of plants but only mitochondria are found in animal cells. … The differences in structure for these organelles are found in their machinery for energy conversion.

What makes mitochondria different from other organelles?

Mitochondria are unlike other cellular organelles in that they have two distinct membranes and a unique genome and reproduce by binary fission these features indicate that mitochondria share an evolutionary past with prokaryotes (single-celled organisms).

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet?

In mitochondria ATP is produced as a result of oxidation and foodstuffs and is used as an energy source for metabolic processes. In chloroplasts ATP is produced as a result of harvesting energy from light. In chloroplasts the ATP is used in the fixation of CO2 into sugars.

What is the similarities and difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Chloroplasts are very similar to mitochondria but are found only in the cells of plants and some algae. Like mitochondria chloroplasts produce food for their cells. Chloroplasts help turn sunlight into food that can be used by the cell a process known as photosynthesis.

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports?

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports the endosymbiotic theory? Both contain DNA molecules. Organelles such as mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum have membranes that compartmentalize reactions and other metabolic processes.

What is unique about the mitochondria?

Mitochondria play a critical role in the generation of metabolic energy in eukaryotic cells. In addition mitochondria are unique among the cytoplasmic organelles already discussed in that they contain their own DNA which encodes tRNAs rRNAs and some mitochondrial proteins. …

Why do plants need both chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Plant cells need both chloroplasts and mitochondria because they perform both photosynthesis and cell respiration. Chloroplast converts light (solar) energy into chemical energy during photosynthesis while mitochondria the powerhouse of the cell produces ATP- the energy currency of the cell during respiration.

What is the difference between mitochondria and mitochondria?

The only difference between mitochondria and mitochondrion is that mitochondrion is singular and mitochondria is the plural form of the word.

How are the functions of chloroplasts and mitochondria similar quizlet?

Terms in this set (9) describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

What are the function of mitochondria and chloroplast?

Mitochondria are the “powerhouses” of the cell breaking down fuel molecules and capturing energy in cellular respiration. Chloroplasts are found in plants and algae. They’re responsible for capturing light energy to make sugars in photosynthesis.

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What is the difference between Chromoplast and chloroplast?

The main difference between chloroplast and chromoplast is that chloroplast is the green color pigment in plants whereas chromoplast is a colorful pigment whose color can be yellow to red. … Chloroplasts are responsible for undergoing photosynthesis while chromoplasts synthesize and store pigments.

What are the main resemblance between mitochondria and chloroplast?

Mitochondria and chloroplast both are bounded by double membrane envelope. … Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own genome (DNA)i.e genetic material. 4. Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own ribosomes to synthesise some of their own proteins.

What are two common characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments. In both organelles the innermost membranes – cristae or infoldings of the inner membrane … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation mitochondria in cellular respiration & chloroplasts in photosynthesis.

Which is a characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplast that supports the Endosymbiotic theory?

The endosymbiotic theory states that some of the organelles in eukaryotic cells were once prokaryotic microbes. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA which is circular not linear.

What are three properties of mitochondria and chloroplasts that support the Endosymbiotic theory?

Numerous lines of evidence exist including that mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own circular DNA (prokaryotes also have circular DNA) mitochondria and chloroplasts have a double membrane (the inner membrane would have initially been the ingested prokaryote’s single membrane and the outer membrane initially …

What features of mitochondria are similar to bacteria quizlet?

Terms in this set (77)
  • Mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to bacteria in size and in structure.
  • Both organelles are bounded by a double membrane—the outer membrane may be derived from the engulfing vesicle and the inner one may be derived from the plasma membrane of the original prokaryote.

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What are two unique characteristics of the mitochondria?

Two other unique features of mitochondria are a circular genome completely separate from the linear DNA found in the nucleus and the ability to divide independently from the surrounding cell. While nuclear chromosomes are inherited equally from both parents mitochondrial DNA is only inherited from the mother.

Why is the mitochondria the most important organelle?

As the power plants in virtually every human cell (as well as animal plant and fungi cells) mitochondria play an essential role in creating energy to drive cellular function and basically all of our biological processes.

What are the characteristics of chloroplast?

Characteristics of chloroplasts

Chloroplasts are distinguished from other types of plastids by their green colour which results from the presence of two pigments chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. A function of those pigments is to absorb light energy for the process of photosynthesis.

Why do chloroplasts have similarities to mitochondria and need each other even though they function differently in plants?

Explanation: Chloroplasts are present in photosynthetic plants and is responsible for making the food of the plant. … It is important to note that plants need both chloroplasts and mitochondria because without one organelle say the mitochondria the entire cell would be unable to carry out its life activities.

How do mitochondria and chloroplast work together in plants to sustain life which organelle would a plant have more of why?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive? Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

Which is not common between chloroplast and mitochondria?

Mitochondria help in the production of energy in eukaryotic cells. Complete solution: The above option which is not common in chloroplasts and mitochondria is that both are present in animal cells.As everyone knows that chloroplast helps in photosynthesis and photosynthesis always takes place in the plant cells only.

Is mitochondria and chloroplast are semi autonomous organelles?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are semiautonomous organelles. … They are formed by division of preexisting organelles as well as contain DNA but lack protein-synthesizing machinery.

What do mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common with prokaryotes?

Even though both organelles are found in eukaryotic cells both mitochondria and chloroplast have characteristics often found in prokaryotic cells. These prokaryotic cell characteristics include: an enclosed double membrane circular DNA and bacteria-like ribosomes.

How do mitochondria and chloroplasts differ in providing energy for the cell?

Chloroplast has two chambers thylakoid and stroma. Mitochondria consume oxygen to provide energy to the cells. They release energy by breaking down organic material and produce carbon dioxide and water. Chloroplasts release oxygen.

Where did mitochondria and chloroplasts come from?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts likely evolved from engulfed prokaryotes that once lived as independent organisms. At some point a eukaryotic cell engulfed an aerobic prokaryote which then formed an endosymbiotic relationship with the host eukaryote gradually developing into a mitochondrion.

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What are the differences between chloroplasts Chromoplasts and Amyloplasts?

Chromoplast: Contains carotene and xanthophylls. They impart a specific colour to flowers and fruits and help in pollination and dispersal of seeds. Leucoplast: They are colourless and store various food products e.g. amyloplasts- store starch proteinoplasts or aleuroplasts- store proteins elaioplasts- store fat.

Which are bigger chloroplasts or mitochondria?

Chloroplasts the organelles responsible for photosynthesis are in many respects similar to mitochondria. … However chloroplasts are larger and more complex than mitochondria and they perform several critical tasks in addition to the generation of ATP.

What is the differences between plant cell and animal cell?

Plant cells have a cell wall but animals cells do not. Cell walls provide support and give shape to plants. Plant cells have chloroplasts but animal cells do not. Chloroplasts enable plants to perform photosynthesis to make food.

What are three similarities between chloroplasts and mitochondria?

(1)Presence of double membrane envelope. (2)Formation of involutions from the inner membrane. (3)Both are semi-autonomous. (4)DNA is naked in both.

What’s are the two organelles that are thought to be endosymbionts and what’s the evidence for that?

And based upon this theory the organelles mitochondria and chloroplasts are supposedly the early prokaryotic endosymbionts that had been taken in. They stayed inside the host cell for so long that they transitioned into those semi-autonomous organelles we know today.

Which organelle makes the proteins that are needed by the cell?


The endoplasmic reticulum can either be smooth or rough and in general its function is to produce proteins for the rest of the cell to function. The rough endoplasmic reticulum has on it ribosomes which are small round organelles whose function it is to make those proteins.

What are the similarities between chloroplasts and prokaryotic cells quizlet?

1) Chloroplasts and mitochondria are similar in size to prokaryotic cells and divide by splitting (fission) just like prokaryotes. 2) Chloroplasts and mitochondria have internal structures called ribosomes similar to those found in bacteria that allow them to make their own protieins.

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