What Serves As The Body’s Chief Storage Site For Lipids??
The main role or function of white adipose tissue is to collect store and then release lipids. However because of the properties of the lipids being stored the adipose tissue also acts as a protective cushion (resists knocks) and also as a layer of insulation against excessive heat loss.
What helps determine a person’s susceptibility to obesity?
Body Mass Index
Experts often rely on BMI to determine if a person is overweight. The BMI estimates your level of body fat based on your height and weight. Starting at 25.0 the higher your BMI the greater is your risk of developing obesity-related health problems.
What is the chief factor that determines a person’s susceptibility to obesity?
Obesity resulting from an increase in the size of fat cells is termed hypertrophic obesity. 25. Heredity is a chief factor that determines a person’s susceptibility to obesity.
Which of the following is known to promote fat storage in adipocytes?
|Term The action of ghrelin is to:||Definition enhance appetite|
|Term Which of the following is known to promote fat storage in adipocytes?||Definition Lipoprotein lipase|
|Term What are the observed effects of sleep deprivation on leptin and ghrelin?||Definition Leptin decreases while ghrelin increases|
What is a feature of ghrelin group of answer choices?
Ghrelin serves many purposes but the one most commonly talked about is its ability to stimulate appetite causing an individual to digest more food and store more fat. In fact when given artificially to humans the amount of food intake increases by 30%.
What contributes to body fat?
Which of the following contributes to obesity?
Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy particularly fat and sugars but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
What is the main factor that determines a person’s susceptibility to obesity quizlet?
Genetics alone determines a person’s susceptibility to obesity. Most obese people have a leptin deficiency. You just studied 50 terms!
Which factor has the most influence on the body’s metabolic rate?
The amount of kilojoules your body burns at any given time is affected by your metabolism. Your metabolic rate is influenced by many factors – including age gender muscle-to-fat ratio amount of physical activity and hormone function.
What is the rationale for the fat cell theory of obesity quizlet?
What is the rationale for the fat cell theory of obesity? Fat cell number increases most readily in late childhood and early puberty.
Is known to promote fat storage in adipocytes?
Fat production in adipocytes is strongly stimulated by insulin. By controlling the activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase and the acetyl-CoA carboxylase enzymes insulin promotes unsaturated fatty acid synthesis.
Which of the following is a protein produced by the fat cells under the direction of the ob gene?
When energy yielding nutrients are consumed in excess which one’s can lead to storage of fat?
|what is the most likely reason for having and abnormally high blood urea level||kidney dysfunction|
|When energy yielding nutrients are consumed in excess which one can lead to storage of fat?||fat carbs and protein|
|After the first day or so of fasting which of the following is most||glycogen|
What does the hormone ghrelin control?
Ghrelin is a hormone that is produced and released mainly by the stomach with small amounts also released by the small intestine pancreas and brain. Ghrelin has numerous functions. It is termed the ‘hunger hormone’ because it stimulates appetite increases food intake and promotes fat storage.
Where is ghrelin hormone produced?
Ghrelin is a hormone produced by endocrine cells in the stomach. Ghrelin stimulates the secretion of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary. This effect is mediated by hypothalamic growth-hormone secretagogue receptors.
What does the hormone ghrelin do?
Ghrelin is a multifaceted gut hormone which activates its receptor growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). Ghrelin’s hallmark functions are its stimulatory effects on food intake fat deposition and growth hormone release. Ghrelin is famously known as the “hunger hormone”.
Where are fats stored in the body?
Subcutaneous fat makes up most of our bodily fat and is found under the skin. This is the body’s method of storing energy for later use. Visceral fat is found in the abdomen amongst the major organs.
What factors affect body fat distribution?
The known major environmental factors that affect body fat distribution include alcohol intake (1) cigarette smoking (2) and the timing of onset of childhood obesity (3). In addition strong genetic factors seem to play a role in regional fat gain and loss (4 5).
Where is protein stored in the body?
“The body can’t store protein so once needs are met any extra is used for energy or stored as fat ” adds Wempen. “Excess calories from any source will be stored as fat in the body.”
What are 3 main causes of obesity?
- Physical inactivity. …
- Overeating. …
- Genetics. …
- A diet high in simple carbohydrates. …
- Frequency of eating. …
- Medications. …
- Psychological factors. …
- Diseases such as hypothyroidism insulin resistance polycystic ovary syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome are also contributors to obesity.
What are 3 factors that are causing obesity?
- Food and Activity. People gain weight when they eat more calories than they burn through activity. …
- Environment. The world around us influences our ability to maintain a healthy weight. …
- Genetics. …
- Health Conditions and Medications. …
- Stress Emotional Factors and Poor Sleep.
Which of the following contributes obesity quizlet?
Which of the following factors contribute to obesity? People eat more when there is a wide variety of food such as at buffets. For overweight people food triggers more activity in the brain centers involved with reward. People eat more when given larger portions such as in many restaurants.
What is the single most important contributor to obesity in the United States?
Restaurant dining and fast-food restaurant dining in particular have been considered as major contributors to the obesity epidemic.
What is the effect of lipoprotein lipase LPL on fat cell metabolism quizlet?
What does the enzyme lipoprotein lipase (LPL) do? It removes triglycerides from the blood and puts it into storage in both fat and muscle cells.
What is the best meal planning strategies for underweight quizlet?
What is the best meal-planning strategies for underweight people who desire to gain weight? Eat meaty appetizers rather than salads.
What requires the greatest expenditure of the body’s energy?
d) Basal metabolic rate uses the highest percentage of daily energy expenditure. Basal metabolic rate is the energy needed to keep cells tissues and…
What are some examples of metabolic processes in cells?
What is TDEE?
What is the rationale for the fat cell theory obesity?
The rationale for the fat cell theory of obesity is the observation of obese and also adopted children who were born to obese couples who then became obese in spite of proper nutrition.
Which of the following is a characteristic a fat cell development?
3. Which of the following is a characteristic of fat cell development? … the number decreases when fat is lost from the body. 6.
What statement about fat cell development is true?
|What statement about fat cell development is true?||Fat cell number increases most readily in late childhood and early puberty.|
|Fad diets often produce weight loss at least initially because they||are designed to limit energy intake to around 1200 kcal/day.|
How do adipocytes store fat?
What gets stored in fat cells?
Adipose (fat) cells are specialized for the storage of energy in the form of triglycerides but research in the last few decades has shown that fat cells also play a critical role in sensing and responding to changes in systemic energy balance.
What does the fat reservoir do in a fat cell?
Its main role is to store energy in the form of fat although it also cushions and insulates the body. Obesity in animals including humans is not dependent on the amount of body weight but on the amount of body fat – specifically adipose tissue.
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