What Was The Water Route Like On The Trail Of Tears

What was the land route like on the Trail of Tears?

The physical trail consisted of several overland routes and one main water route and by passage of the Omnibus Public Lands Management Act in 2009 stretched some 5 045 miles (about 8 120 km) across portions of nine states (Alabama Arkansas Georgia Illinois Kentucky Missouri North Carolina Oklahoma and …

How many water routes were there on the trail of tears?

The Cherokee travelled in groups of 1000 to 3000 people on three main routes. Different groups started in Chattanooga Tennessee Guntersville Alabama and Charleston Tennessee.

What route did the Cherokee take on the Trail of Tears?

The pink trail is the northern route. It was a land route and the largest group of Cherokees followed this part of the trail. The blue trail is the water route.

What were three rivers the Cherokee used on their water route?

The first of three groups of Cherokees departed Tennessee in June 1838 and headed to Indian Territory by boat a journey that took them along the Tennessee Ohio Mississippi and Arkansas rivers. Approximately 2 800 people traveled by boat.

What happened during the Trail of Tears quizlet?

In 1838 and 1839 as part of Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. Over 4 000 out of 15 000 of the Cherokees died. …

What bodies of water did the Cherokees who went on the water route travel?

The first group of Cherokees departed Tennessee in June 1838 and headed to Indian Territory by boat a journey that took them along the Tennessee Ohio Mississippi and Arkansas rivers.

What was life like on the Trail of Tears?

Poor weather disease disorganization and famine plagued the tribes traveling to their new land. During the winter on the trail it is said that the weather was unbearable cold which caused many difficulties for the tribes.

What is the story of the Trail of Tears?

In the 1830s the United States government forcibly removed the southeastern Native Americans from their homelands and relocated them on lands in Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma). This tragic event is referred to as the Trail of Tears. … The federal government coerced tribal leaders to sign these treaties.

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How long did it take to walk the Trail of Tears?

It eventually took almost three months to cross the 60 miles (97 kilometres) on land between the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. The trek through southern Illinois is where the Cherokee suffered most of their deaths.

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Where was the Trail of Tears located?

Trail of Tears/Location
“Trail of Tears” has come to describe the journey of Native Americans forced to leave their ancestral homes in the Southeast and move to the new Indian Territory defined as “west of Arkansas ” in present-day Oklahoma.

How many Cherokee were on the Trail of Tears?

The “Trail of Tears” refers specifically to Cherokee removal in the first half of the 19th century when about 16 000 Cherokees were forcibly relocated from their ancestral lands in the Southeast to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi.

What happened to the Cherokee who traveled on the trail?

The Cherokee people called this journey the “Trail of Tears ” because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger disease and exhaustion on the forced march. Over 4 000 out of 15 000 of the Cherokees died.

Can you walk the Trail of Tears?

To hike the entire Trail of Tears National Historic Trail you must get permission for the areas that are on private property. Other areas of the trail are located in state parks city parks and on road right-of-ways.

How many Choctaw died on the Trail of Tears?

Numbers tend to vary wildly but it is thought that between 1830 and 1834 about 12 500 Choctaw embarked on the Trail of Tears of whom between 1 500 and 4 000 died along the way.

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How many creeks died along the Trail of Tears?

Between 1830 and 1850 about 100 000 American Indians living between Michigan Louisiana and Florida moved west after the U.S. government coerced treaties or used the U.S. Army against those resisting. Many were treated brutally. An estimated 3 500 Creeks died in Alabama and on their westward journey.

Why did the Trail of Tears happen?

Working on behalf of white settlers who wanted to grow cotton on the Indians’ land the federal government forced them to leave their homelands and walk hundreds of miles to a specially designated “Indian territory” across the Mississippi River.

Where did the Trail of Tears begin?

At New Echota Georgia the pro-treaty faction of the Cherokee signed away Cherokee lands in Appalachia and began the removal process.

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What resulted from the Trail of Tears?

The outcome of the Trail of Tears was that the Native Americans were essentially removed from the Southeast and relocated to what was then Indian Territory across the Mississippi. … As white settlers spread out across the Southeast they came to covet lands that the Native Americans owned.

How does water impact the Cherokee tribe?

Environmental quality was important to the Cherokee’s daily life. They used water to navigate as transportation and as a food source. They’d construct v-shaped fish weirs — many of which are still standing today a thousand years later — through which they’d drive fish living upstream into waiting nets and baskets.

When did Trail of Tears end?

1831 – 1877

What food did they eat on the Trail of Tears?

The tribal diet commonly consisted of foods that were either gathered grown or hunted. The three sisters – corn beans and squash – were grown. Wild greens mushrooms ramps nuts and berries were collected. Deer bears birds native fish squirrels groundhogs and rabbits were all hunted.

Is Trail of Tears a true story?

The story of the actual Trail of Tears is pretty simple. Beginning in the 1830s the Cherokee people were forced from their land by the U.S. government and forced to walk nearly 1 000 miles to a new home in a place they had never seen before. Thousands of people died on the harsh and totally unnecessary journey.

Who was president during the Trail of Tears?

President Andrew Jackson

President Andrew Jackson pursued a policy of removing the Cherokees and other Southeastern tribes from their homelands to the unsettled West.

How many Cherokee are left?

Today the Cherokee Nation is the largest tribe in the United States with more than 380 000 tribal citizens worldwide. More than 141 000 Cherokee Nation citizens reside within the tribe’s reservation boundaries in northeastern Oklahoma.

Do Indians pay taxes?

Do Indians pay taxes? All Indians are subject to federal income taxes. As sovereign entities tribal governments have the power to levy taxes on reservation lands. … However whenever a member of an Indian tribe conducts business off the reservation that person like everyone else pays both state and local taxes.

What states were part of the Trail of Tears?

The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail passes through the present-day states of Alabama Arkansas Georgia Illinois Kentucky Missouri North Carolina Oklahoma and Tennessee.

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How would you describe the Trail of Tears?

The Trail of Tears was when the United States government forced Native Americans to move from their homelands in the Southern United States to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Peoples from the Cherokee Muscogee Chickasaw Choctaw and Seminole tribes were marched at gunpoint across hundreds of miles to reservations.

What are the 3 Cherokee tribes?

They also developed their own writing system. Today three Cherokee tribes are federally recognized: the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians (UKB) in Oklahoma the Cherokee Nation (CN) in Oklahoma and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) in North Carolina.

What blood type are Native American?

O group

All major ABO blood alleles are found in most populations worldwide whereas the majority of Native Americans are nearly exclusively in the O group. O allele molecular characterization could aid in elucidating the possible causes of group O predominance in Native American populations.

Were did the Trail of Tears end?

1877

What happened to the Choctaw tribe after the Trail of Tears?

The Choctaws Mississippi’s largest Indian group were the first southeastern Indians to accept removal with the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in September 1830. The treaty provided that the Choctaws would receive land west of the Mississippi River in exchange for the remaining Choctaw lands in Mississippi.

Is Choctaw a Cherokee?

The Chickasaw Choctaw and Creek share similar stories as the Cherokee. Their ancestral territory stretched from the Texas-Louisiana border to the east coast. … His mother was Creek (Muskogee) and his father was of Scottish descent. Chief Osceola is another famous Creek of mixed-ancestry.

Where did the Choctaw tribe live before the Trail of Tears?

The Choctaws are original people of the American southeast particularly Mississippi Alabama Louisiana and Florida. Most Choctaws were forced to move to Oklahoma in the 1800’s along the Trail of Tears. Their descendants live in Oklahoma today.

How many natives were killed by colonizers?

European settlers killed 56 million indigenous people over about 100 years in South Central and North America causing large swaths of farmland to be abandoned and reforested researchers at University College London or UCL estimate.

Trail of Tears water route

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GOING2WATER Trailer

Story of the CHEROKEE of Tennessee. The Trail of Tears and the struggles to keep their home lands.