## What Would You Use To Measure Distance East And West Of The Prime Meridian??

**The longitude** measures the distance east and west from the Prime Meridian.

## What is the prime meridian measured in?

**0° (0 degrees) longitude**.

## What lines are used to measure east and west?

**Longitude lines** are a numerical way to show/measure how far a location is east or west of a universal vertical line called the Prime Meridian. This Prime Meridian line runs vertically north and south right over the British Royal Observatory in Greenwich England from the North Pole to the South Pole.

## What would you use to measure the distance north and south of the equator?

**Latitude**is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels. A circle of latitude is an imaginary ring linking all points sharing a parallel.

## Why prime meridian serves as the reference point for measuring west or east distance?

The prime meridian separates the eastern hemisphere from the western hemisphere. Halfway around the world at 180 degrees longitude is the International Date Line. The prime meridian is the line of **0 longitude** the starting point for measuring distance both east and west around the Earth.

## What separates Eastern and western hemisphere?

**The prime meridian or 0 degrees longitude and the International Date Line 180 degrees longitude**divide the Earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres.

## Which lines measure the distance from the?

It is called **longitude lines**.

## What do parallels measure?

Parallels are identified by degrees the equator is 0 degrees the North Pole is 90 degrees north the South Pole 90 degrees south. The parallel lines that run east to west on a map measure **the distance** by degrees from north to south.

## Which line measured 180 both east and west of the prime meridians?

180th meridian

The 180th meridian or antimeridian is the meridian 180° both east and west of the Prime Meridian with which it forms a great circle dividing the earth into the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. It is common to both east longitude and west longitude.

## What would you use to measure distance east and west of the equator?

The imaginary lines circling the globe in an east-west direction are called **the lines of latitude** (or parallels as they are parallel to the equator). They are used to measure distances north and south of the equator. The lines circling the globe in a north-south direction are called lines of longitude (or meridians).

## What lines measure north and south of the equator and run east to west?

Hemisphere – one half of the planet Page 2 **Latitude** – horizontal lines on a map that run east and west. They measure north and south of the equator. Longitude – the vertical lines on a map that run north and south. They measure east and west of the Prime Meridian.

## How do we measure the distance to the equator?

The simplest method to estimate your distance from the equator relies on **only your latitude in degrees** which is the first number in a set of coordinates. Since each degree of latitude represents 69 miles you can multiply your latitude by 69 to find your distance from the equator in miles.

## Which coordinate system tells how far the east and west from Greenwich England?

**Longitude** is a measurement of location east or west of the prime meridian at Greenwich London England the specially designated imaginary north-south line that passes through both geographic poles and Greenwich. Longitude is measured 180° both east and west of the prime meridian.

## How are the equator and the prime meridian used on maps?

By using the equator and prime meridian **we can divide the world into four hemispheres** north south east and west. … The International Meridian Conference of 1884 changed all that naming an imaginary line drawn through Greenwhich England as the prime meridian. These lines are drawn only on maps and globes however.

## What distance between the longitudes decreases towards?

**the poles**as all the longitudes merge at the poles. Hence the correct answer is ‘ the distance between the longitudes decreases towards the poles.

## Which line is prime meridian?

The prime meridian is **the line of 0 longitude** the starting point for measuring distance both east and west around the Earth. … However there is an international agreement that the meridian that runs through Greenwich England is considered the official prime meridian.

## How are the equator and prime meridian alike and different?

The **Prime Meridian divides the globe into Eastern and Western hemispheres** just as the equator divides the globe into Northern and Southern hemispheres. The Prime Meridian is at 0 degrees longitude just as the equator is at 0 degrees latitude. Use a time zone map to locate the Prime Meridian and Greenwich England.

## What is the meridian opposite of the prime meridian?

**The 180th meridian** is the line of longitude that is exactly opposite the prime meridian. It is 180° longitude. Lines of longitude east of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 179 east (E). Lines of longitude west of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 179 west (W).

## What is the distance east of the Prime Meridian?

Because the earth is essentially a sphere lines of longitude range from **0° to 180° east** and west of the prime meridian with 0° east and west longitude beginning at the prime meridian and 180° east and west longitude being at a point on the other side of the earth directly opposite the prime meridian.

## How do you find the distance?

**d = st**or distance equals speed times time. Rate and speed are similar since they both represent some distance per unit time like miles per hour or kilometers per hour. If rate r is the same as speed s r = s = d/t.

## How do you find the distance between two coordinates?

1. Distance between two points P(x1 y1) and Q(x2 y2) is given by: **d(P Q) = √ (x2 − x1)2 + (y2 − y1)2** {Distance formula} 2. Distance of a point P(x y) from the origin is given by d(0 P) = √ x2 + y2. 3.

## What do meridians measure?

Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures **one arcdegree of longitude**. The distance around the Earth measures 360 degrees.

## Do parallels measure longitude?

**used to measure degrees of latitude north or south of the Equator**. … Meridians of longitude are drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole and are at right angles to the Equator.

## How can we determine the location of a place between two parallels?

The distance between two parallel lines is given by **d = |c _{1}-c_{2}|/√(a^{2}+b^{2})**. Example 4: Find the distance from the line 6x – 4y + 36 = 0 to point (0 0).

## Why 180 East and 180 West longitude are the same line?

Its value is 0° longitude and from it we count 180° eastward as well as 180° westward. The Prime Meridian and 180° meridian divide the earth into two equal halves the **Eastern** Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere. … It is however interesting to note that 180° East and 180° West meridians are on the same line.

## What is GMT What is it used for?

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) has been used **to clearly designate epoch by avoiding confusing references to local time systems (zones)**. Historically astronomers used Greenwich Mean Astronomical Time (GMAT) in which the astronomical day began at noon at longitude (0°) in accord with scientific tradition.

## Is defined as the angular distance north and south of the equator?

**The latitude** is the angular distance of a point on the Earth’s surface north or South of the equator as measured from the .

## What is the distance between East and West?

Distance between East and West is 14360 KM / **8923.5 miles**.

## How do you use latitude and longitude?

## What is an example of longitude?

An example of longitude is that **New York City is at 74° degrees west** and local time is 5 hours less than Greenwich mean time. Angular distance measured west or east of the prime meridian.

## The Capital Distance Instructions

## Measuring distances on the chart