Where Does The Energy Come From To Make Atp At The Chloroplast


Where Does The Energy Come From To Make Atp At The Chloroplast?

Where does the energy come from to make ATP in the chloroplast? from the kinetic energy of hydrogen ions passing through ATP synthase.

How is ATP made in the chloroplast?

The chloroplast adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase is located in the thylakoid membrane and synthesizes ATP from adenosine diphosphate and inorganic phosphate at the expense of the electrochemical proton gradient formed by light-dependent electron flow.

Where does chloroplast get its energy from?

the sun

Chloroplasts absorb sunlight and use it in conjunction with water and carbon dioxide gas to produce food for the plant. Chloroplasts capture light energy from the sun to produce the free energy stored in ATP and NADPH through a process called photosynthesis.

Does chloroplast produce ATP?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria are the major ATP producing organelles in plant leaves.

Where is ATP produced?

Most of the ATP in cells is produced by the enzyme ATP synthase which converts ADP and phosphate to ATP. ATP synthase is located in the membrane of cellular structures called mitochondria in plant cells the enzyme also is found in chloroplasts.Oct 4 2021

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What is the energy for photosynthesis?

In photosynthesis solar energy is harvested as chemical energy in a process that converts water and carbon dioxide to glucose. Oxygen is released as a byproduct. In cellular respiration oxygen is used to break down glucose releasing chemical energy and heat in the process.

Where does photosynthesis take place in the chloroplast?

Photosynthesis: The Basics Photosynthesis takes place inside the chloroplasts that sit in the mesophyll of the leaves. The thylakoids sit inside the chloroplast and they contain chlorophyll which absorbs the different colours of the light spectrum to create energy (Source: Biology: LibreTexts).Mar 3 2021

Where does carbohydrate production occur in a chloroplast?

Carbohydrate synthesis occurs in the stroma the soluble phase between the thylakoid membrane and the inner membrane. In photosynthetic bacteria extensive invaginations of the plasma membrane form a set of internal membranes also termed thylakoid membranes or simply thylakoids where photosynthesis occurs.

How do plants make ATP?

Plants through the process of photosynthesis make use of the sunlight to energise and generate glucose through the available water and carbon dioxide. This glucose through pathways can be converted into pyruvate. Through cellular respiration pyruvate in turn gives ATP (adenosine triphosphate).

Do plants produce ATP during photosynthesis?

In addition to mitochondrial ATP synthesis plants can also make ATP by a similar process during the light reactions of photosynthesis within their chloroplasts. … This is an especially vital source of ATP for plants because ATP is also needed for them to synthesize glucose in the first place.

Where is ATP produced in the mitochondria?

mitochondrial inner membrane

Most of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesized during glucose metabolism is produced in the mitochondria through oxidative phosphorylation. This is a complex reaction powered by the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane which is generated by mitochondrial respiration.

How is ATP energy produced?

ATP is a nucleotide consisting of an adenine base attached to a ribose sugar which is attached to three phosphate groups. … When one phosphate group is removed by breaking a phosphoanhydride bond in a process called hydrolysis energy is released and ATP is converted to adenosine diphosphate (ADP).

Where is the energy stored in ATP?

Adenosine Triphosphate

Energy is stored in the bonds joining the phosphate groups (yellow). The covalent bond holding the third phosphate group carries about 7 300 calories of energy.

When and where ATP is produced?

The majority of ATP synthesis occurs in cellular respiration within the mitochondrial matrix: generating approximately thirty-two ATP molecules per molecule of glucose that is oxidized.

Where does the energy in photosynthesis come from?

The whole process of photosynthesis is a transfer of energy from the Sun to a plant. In each sugar molecule created there is a little bit of the energy from the Sun which the plant can either use or store for later.

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Which produces the energy for plants to grow?

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use sunlight water and carbon dioxide to create oxygen and energy in the form of sugar.Oct 24 2019

How is energy transferred during photosynthesis?

During the process of photosynthesis light penetrates the cell and passes into the chloroplast. The light energy is intercepted by chlorophyll molecules on the granal stacks. Some of the light energy is converted to chemical energy. During this process a phosphate is added to a molecule to cause the formation of ATP.

How photosynthesis occurs in chloroplast?

Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast an organelle specific to plant cells. The light reactions of photosynthesis occur in the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast. Electron carrier molecules are arranged in electron transport chains that produce ATP and NADPH which temporarily store chemical energy.

Where does cellular respiration occur?

While most aerobic respiration (with oxygen) takes place in the cell’s mitochondria and anaerobic respiration (without oxygen) takes place within the cell’s cytoplasm.

Where does photosynthesis and cellular respiration take place?


Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts whereas cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria. Photosynthesis makes glucose and oxygen which are then used as the starting products for cellular respiration.

Where does carbohydrate production occur in?

Carbohydrates are formed in green plants by photosynthesis which is the chemical combination or “fixation” of carbon dioxide and water by utilization of energy from the absorption of visible light.

Where does carbohydrate digestion occur?

Digestion of Carbohydrates

Digestion of starches into glucose molecules starts in the mouth but primarily takes place in the small intestine by the action of specific enzymes secreted from the pancreas (e.g. α-amylase and α-glucosidase).

Where does the energy come from to make NADPH in the light reactions?

The Light Reactions of Photosynthesis. Light is absorbed and the energy is used to drive electrons from water to generate NADPH and to drive protons across a membrane. These protons return through ATP synthase to make ATP.

Which photosynthetic process produces the most ATP?

So oxidative phosphorylation is the metabolic cycle that produces the most net ATP per glucose molecule.

Why is energy from ATP used in photosynthesis?

ATP is a reservoir of potential chemical energy and acts as a common intermediate in metabolism linking energy requiring and energy yielding reactions. … In photosynthesis energy is transferred to ATP in the light-dependent stage and the ATP is utilised during synthesis in the light-independent stage.

Does fermentation produce ATP?

Pros and Cons of Fermentation

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Without oxygen some human cells must use fermentation to produce ATP and this process produces only two molecules of ATP per molecule of glucose. Although fermentation produces less ATP it has the advantage of doing so very quickly.

Where is ATP synthesized in photosynthesis?

chloroplast stroma
During photosynthesis in plants ATP is synthesized by ATP synthase using a proton gradient created in the thylakoid lumen through the thylakoid membrane and into the chloroplast stroma.

What energy is needed by photosynthetic organisms during the process of photosynthesis?

During the process of photosynthesis cells use carbon dioxide and energy from the Sun to make sugar molecules and oxygen. These sugar molecules are the basis for more complex molecules made by the photosynthetic cell such as glucose.

Is the energy releasing process in the plants?

Answer: Plant obtain energy from a process called photosynthesis. In this process the plants make their food by taking heat from sunlight and absorbing water from their roots and with carbon dioxide.

How is energy made in the mitochondria?

Mitochondria using oxygen available within the cell convert chemical energy from food in the cell to energy in a form usable to the host cell. … NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In ATP the energy is stored in the form of chemical bonds.

How energy is produced in the ATP cycle during activity?

ATP contains potential energy that is released during its hydrolysis or reaction with water. In this reaction the bond linking the terminal phosphate group (shown below in red) is broken ATP is converted to ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and 7.3 Cal (kcal) of energy is released.

Which part of the cell makes ATP needed for cellular energy?


Mitochondria. Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Where is the energy stored in the energy molecule?

covalent bonds

Energy potential energy is stored in the covalent bonds holding atoms together in the form of molecules.

Is ATP produced in cellular respiration?

Cellular respiration is a metabolic pathway that breaks down glucose and produces ATP. The stages of cellular respiration include glycolysis pyruvate oxidation the citric acid or Krebs cycle and oxidative phosphorylation.

What is ATP?

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