North Pole The Arctic Ocean includes the North Pole region in the middle of the Northern Hemisphere and extends south to about 60°N. The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by Eurasia and North America and the borders follow topographic features: the Bering Strait on the Pacific side and the Greenland Scotland Ridge on the Atlantic side.
Where is the Arctic located on a world map?
The Arctic is a region of the planet north of the Arctic Circle and includes the Arctic Ocean Greenland Baffin Island other smaller northern islands and the far northern parts of Europe Russia (Siberia) Alaska and Canada.
Where is Arctic Ocean in Europe?
Roughly it is the sea area between Scandinavia Greenland Novaya Zemlya and the North Pole including the European part of the Arctic Ocean the Barents Sea the Norwegian Sea the Greenland Sea and the Icelandic Sea.
Can you swim in Arctic Ocean?
It has beautiful beaches and other scenery. You wouldn’t want to go swimming without a wetsuit but you wouldn’t be the only one taking a short dip in summer. The water temperature in summer is never very warm but in summer you shouldn’t risk hypothermia without warning signs.
What country is the Arctic in?
The Arctic region covers parts of eight countries: Canada Greenland Iceland Norway Sweden Finland Russia and the United States.
Where is the deepest part of the Arctic ocean?
Hidden beneath the Fram Strait a passage that separates Greenland and Svalbard lies the deepest point in the Arctic Ocean where the seafloor plunges some 18 209 feet (5 550 meters) down.
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Where is the Arctic tundra located?
The tundra is a treeless polar desert found in the high latitudes in the polar regions primarily in Alaska Canada Russia Greenland Iceland and Scandinavia as well as sub-Antarctic islands. The region’s long dry winters feature months of total darkness and extremely frigid temperatures.
Is the Arctic north or south?
Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. However the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole. … Really cold or really really cold?
Time of year
Average (mean) temperature
32° F (0° C)
−18° F (−28.2° C)
Where is north of the Arctic Circle?
The largest communities north of the Arctic Circle are situated in Russia Norway and Sweden: Murmansk (population 295 374) Norilsk (178 018) Tromsø (75 638) Vorkuta (58 133) and Kiruna (22 841).
What continent is the Arctic ocean in?
Unlike the Antarctic which is a continent surrounded by oceans the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents (Europe Asia and North America – including Greenland the world’s largest island).
Who named the Arctic ocean?
Greek explorers of the late 300s B.C.E. discovered this ocean with Pytheas reporting frozen waters located six days north of Britain. Ancient Greeks named these waters after the Arktos constellation found in extreme northern skies a cluster of stars now known as Ursa Major or Great Bear.
What are 3 interesting facts about the Arctic ocean?
It is the ocean at the top of the world!
The Arctic Ocean is the shallowest and the smallest of the five oceans of the world – it is around 8% of the size of the Pacific Ocean. The Arctic Ocean is covered by an ice cap which varies in thickness and size – making it a spectacular haven for fish and marine life.
Do sharks live in the Arctic ocean?
Eight species of shark have been found in arctic marine waters. All are known in the arctic only from rare records except for the sleeper shark Somniosus microcephalus which is common in the North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean. …
What is the Arctic ocean famous for?
The Arctic Ocean has the coldest temperatures of all five major oceans. The Arctic Ocean is almost entirely covered by sea ice during the winter season. The biggest see of the Arctic Ocean is the Barents Sea. The first nautical crossing of the Arctic Ocean was by Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen in 1896.
Why is the Arctic ocean important?
Why the Arctic is so important
Arctic sea ice acts as a huge white reflector at the top of the planet bouncing some of the sun’s rays back into space helping keep the Earth at an even temperature. … The Arctic also helps circulate the world’s ocean currents moving cold and warm water around the globe.
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Where is the Arctic and Antarctic?
The Arctic encompasses a vast frozen ocean around the North Pole surrounded by the landmasses of North America Greenland Svalbard Northern Europe and Russia while Antarctica is a frozen continent anchored by the South Pole and surrounded by vast open oceans.
Who owns the Artic?
In summary the Law of the Sea Treaty grants significant undersea portions of the Arctic to Canada the United States Russia Norway and Denmark. These nations gain claim to the natural resources on above and beneath the ocean floor up to 200 miles from their shoreline.
What are the 8 Arctic countries?
The members of the Arctic Council include the eight Arctic States (Canada Denmark Finland Iceland Norway Sweden the Russian Federation and the United States).
Who crossed the Arctic Ocean first?
1900s. Americans Robert Peary and Matthew Henson along with several Inuits were the first people to finally reach the North Pole. They arrived on April 6 1909 by traversing across the sea ice on dog sleds.
What sea life lives in the Arctic Ocean?
How many seas are in the Arctic Ocean?
The Arctic Ocean shares borders with five marginal seas.
Why is the tundra located in the Arctic?
Tundra ecosystems are treeless regions found in the Arctic and on the tops of mountains where the climate is cold and windy and rainfall is scant. Tundra lands are covered with snow for much of the year but summer brings bursts of wildflowers.
Where is the tundra in Alaska?
There are two kinds of tundra in Alaska alpine and arctic. Arctic tundra is found north of the permafrost line generally north of the arctic circle. Alpine tundra is found around the state at high elevations – this is the kind found in Lake Clark National Park and Preserve.
Is there tundra in South America?
Tundras are places of extreme cold temperatures that are located on the far northern edges of Asia Europe and North America high mountains of the middle latitudes and the far southern regions of Oceania and South America. Tundras are classified as either Antarctic tundra Alpine tundra and Arctic tundra.
Is Arctic and Antarctica the same?
The primary difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is geographical. The Arctic is an ocean covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. … Antarctica on the other hand is a continent covered by a very thick ice cap and surrounded by a rim of sea ice and the Southern Ocean.
Is Antarctica or Arctic bigger?
Which is bigger the Arctic or Antarctica? … The polar regions cover the ends of the Earth like caps and the Arctic is just slightly larger than Antarctica. The Arctic covers an area of approximately 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles).
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What is the difference between Artic and Arctic?
The spelling “artic” arises because it’s the phonetic spelling of the way most people would prefer to pronounce “arctic.” The reality is that the word “arctic” has two sounds or phonemes in the middle of the word that make it tricky to say.
What is difference between Arctic Circle and North Pole?
You can find walrus and seals and all kinds of stunning birds such as the Arctic tern snow geese puffins and the snowy owl. The animals you find in the Arctic Circle are amazingly resilient from the iconic polar bear to the beautiful Arctic fox.
Is Alaska part of the North Pole?
Despite its name the city is about 1 700 miles (2 700 km) south of Earth’s geographic North Pole and 125 miles (200 km) south of the Arctic Circle. …
North Pole Alaska
Fairbanks North Star
January 15 1953
How cold is the Arctic?
Now it’s not that cold all the time all over the Arctic. The average Arctic winter temperature is -30° F (-34°C) while the average Arctic summer temperature is 37-54° F (3-12° C). In general Arctic winters are long and cold while summers are short and cool.
How did the Arctic Ocean get its name?
Name: The Arctic Ocean derives its name from the word ‘arktos’ which means ‘bear’ in Greek. 3. … The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean on earth and covers less than 3% of the earth’s surface. Much of the ocean is covered by ice however the thickness of the ice varies depending on the season.
Where does the Arctic Ocean end?
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the five. It joins the Atlantic Ocean near Greenland and Iceland and joins the Pacific Ocean at the Bering Strait. It overlies the North Pole touching North America in the Western Hemisphere and Scandinavia and Siberia in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Is the Arctic Ocean always frozen?
Each year a thin layer of the Arctic Ocean freezes over forming sea ice. In spring and summer this melts back again but some of the sea ice survives through the summer and is known as multi-year ice.
Can you live in Arctic?
The extreme Arctic climate makes the region a forbidding place to travel and a challenging place to live. Even so people have found ways to explore and live in the Arctic. Indigenous peoples have lived in the Arctic for thousands of years. … However people have found ways to adapt survive and thrive in the Arctic.
Continents Oceans and Major Seas
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