Where Is The Atacama Desert Located In Relation To The Andes Mountains

Where Is The Atacama Desert Located In Relation To The Andes Mountains?

The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1 600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast west of the Andes Mountains.

What side of the mountain is the Atacama Desert on?

The desert is primarily on the leeward side of each mountain chain which is where the rain shadow is for mountain ranges further decreasing the amount of rain the desert gets. The third major factor that keeps the Atacama Desert so dry is the cold ocean current that runs adjacent to the coast of South America.

Is Atacama Desert north or south of the equator?

The Atacama Desert Chile: the Driest Desert on Earth – Five Reasons Why. Most deserts lie between 15° and 35° north and south of the equator. They were created by air that rises over the equator and comes down over the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

In which continent is the Atacama Desert located?

Atacama Desert/Continent
The Atacama Desert forms part of the arid Pacific fringe of South America. Dry subsidence created by the South Pacific high-pressure cell makes the desert one of the driest regions in the world.

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Is the Atacama Desert in the rain shadow of the Andes Mountains?

And finally the Atacama Desert finds itself in the rain shadow of the Andes Mountains. As the main moisture source lies in the east when winds do blow from that region the air smacks up against the eastern side of the Andes rises condenses its water vapor into liquid water and rains out.

Where is the Atacama Desert located quizlet?

The combined effects of the Peru Current and the central Andes rain shadow have created what is possibly the world’s driest desert the Atacama of northern Chile.

Where is the Atacama Desert located Brainly?

Answer: The Atacama Desert is located in Chile . It stretches from 600 to 700 miles from north to south.

Is the Atacama Desert on the windward side of the Andes?

Another important reason is that the Andes Range runs along the Atacama Desert acting as a formidable natural barrier from the moisture of the Amazon the rain shadow effect. … On this side of the mountains called the windward side precipitation falls in the form of rain or snow.

Where are deserts located equator?

Location of tropical rainforest climate

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Most hot deserts are found near the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn between 15-30° north and south of the Equator.

Where are the Andes mountains located?

The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela Colombia Ecuador Peru Bolivia Chile and Argentina. Along their length the Andes are split into several ranges separated by intermediate depressions.

Where is the driest desert in the world located?

Atacama Desert

Chile’s Atacama Desert the driest nonpolar desert on Earth stretches across a roughly 600-mile (1 000 kilometers) tract of land wedged between the coastal Cordillera de la Costa mountain range and the Andes Mountains.

Why is there a desert the Atacama Desert on the Pacific ie west coast of South America in Chile explain two factors that make this location a desert?

The Atacama Desert is located in a zone called the “shadow of rain”. This is determined by its geographical location: between the Andes mountain range which blocks the humid air of the Amazons and the Coastal mountain range which interjects between the air currents that come from the Pacific Ocean.

What desert is in North America?

the Sonoran Desert
North America has four major deserts: Great Basin Mohave Chihuahuan and Sonoran. All but the Sonoran Desert have cold winters. Freezing temperatures are even more limiting to plant life than is aridity so colder deserts are poorer in both species and life forms especially succulents.

Is the Atacama Desert a rain shadow desert?

The Atacama is the driest hot desert in the world. … First this desert is located in the “rain shadow” between two mountain ranges the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range. Second winds called the Pacific Anticyclone flow through this area.

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How did the Atacama Desert form?

Once they have passed the Andes the clouds no longer have water and there is no possibility of rainfall to the other side. This complete blockage of precipitation coming from the east has caused over thousands of years the formation of the Atacama Desert.

What is the cause of the Atacama Desert in Chile?

Why is the Atacama Desert so dry? … The first reason is that the desert sits on the wrong side of the Andes with regards to prevailing winds. As pictured above the prevailing south-east trade winds carrying moist air are forced to rise. The moisture condenses and falls on the opposite side of the Andes to the Atacama.

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Where is the Atacama Desert located in relation to the Andes mountains quizlet?

From Venezuela in the north the range passes through Colombia Ecuador Peru Bolivia Argentina and Chile. The Atacama Desert is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1000-km strip of land on the Pacific coast west of the Andes mountains.

How was the Atacama desert formed quizlet?

Formation of the Salar de Atacama? To begin the surface was a layer of volcanic material from the Andes but over the years a salt deposit has been formed due to the precipitation of salt and minerals washed down rom the Andes.

Which country is located at a Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru?

South America is made up of 12 independent countries: Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay and Venezuela.

Venezuela – Caracas.
Country Capital
Brazil Brasília
Chile Santiago
Colombia Bogotá
Ecuador Quito

Is the Atacama Desert drier than Antarctica?

The driest place on Earth is in Antarctica (which is the Earth’s driest continent) in an area called the Dry Valleys. … No precipitation falls in the Dry Valleys and none for a few years at a time in portions of the Atacama.

Is the Atacama Desert the driest place on Earth?

The Atacama Desert is commonly known as the driest place in the world especially the surroundings of the abandoned Yungay town (in Antofagasta Region Chile).

Where is Chile located?

South America

Where are deserts located in North America?

The continent’s major deserts are associated with the intermontane Basin and Range Province of the western United States northern Mexico and the Colorado Plateau region of northern Arizona southwestern Colorado northwestern New Mexico and southeastern Utah.

Where are deserts located in the world?

Deserts are found throughout the world especially in Africa and Australia. The world’s largest desert is the Sahara which covers nearly all of northern Africa.

Is Atacama a tropical desert?

The Atacama is a tropical desert.

Where do the Andes mountains begin and end?

Where are the Andes Mountains? The Andes Mountains line the western edge of South America from Venezuela all the way along Chile to South America’s southern tip crossing through Ecuador Peru and Bolivia.

Which climate is located east of the Andes range?

The Andes run through the center of the country. Plains lie along its western coasts. To the east is the lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin. Peru’s climate is diverse it ranges from temperate to extremely cold in the Andes to the dry western desert to tropical in the east.

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Who lives in the Andes Mountains?

The inhabitants of the Ecuadorian Andes are mainly Quechua speakers and mestizos there are small groups of Cañaris in the south and Salasacas in the north. Agriculture (corn [maize] potatoes broad beans) is the main occupation some indigenous peoples engage in ceramics and weaving.

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Where is the world’s largest desert?

The largest desert on earth is the Antarctic desert covering the continent of Antarctica with a size of around 5.5 million square miles.

Ranking of the largest deserts on earth (in million square miles)
Desert (Type) Surface area in million square miles
Antarctic (polar) 5.5
Arctic (polar) 5.4

Where is Thar desert located?

Rajasthan state
Thar Desert also called Great Indian Desert arid region of rolling sand hills on the Indian subcontinent. It is located partly in Rajasthan state northwestern India and partly in Punjab and Sindh (Sind) provinces eastern Pakistan.

Which desert is the smallest desert in the world?

I had crossed what many believe is the world’s smallest desert.
  • At only 600m wide Canada’s Carcross Desert is said to be the world’s smallest desert (Credit: Mike MacEacheran)
  • The Carcross Desert is a rare habitat for plants and insect species that may be new to science (Credit: Mike MacEacheran)

Which desert is the furthest north?

The Mojave Desert is the northernmost “hot desert” in North America and essentially a transition land between the Great Basin and Sonoran.

Which desert is located in west region of North America?

Its total area is 140 000 sq mi (360 000 km2). The Sonoran Desert is a desert located in the Southwestern United States and northwest Mexico. It is the second largest hot desert in North America. Its total area is 120 000 sq mi (310 000 km2).

What is the desert in Nevada called?

Mojave Desert
Mojave Desert arid region of southeastern California and portions of Nevada Arizona and Utah U.S. It was named for the Mojave people. The Mojave Desert occupies more than 25 000 square miles (65 000 square km) and joins the Sonoran Great Basin and Chihuahuan deserts in forming the North American Desert.

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