Which Of The Following Types Of Material Can Condense Into What We Call Ice At Low Temperatures?

Which Of The Following Types Of Material Can Condense Into What We Call Ice At Low Temperatures??

Which of the following types of material can condense into what we call ice at low temperatures? –Hydrogen compounds such as water ammonia and methane are gaseous at high temperature but condense into ice at low temperature.

What materials can condense into ice?

Outside the frost line temperatures are cooler and hydrogen compounds are able to condense into ices. Rock and metal are still present in the outer solar system but both are outnumbered and outweighed by the hydrogen compounds.

What kind of material in the solar nebula could condense?

C) In the inner part of the nebula only metals and rocks were able to condense because of the high temperatures whereas hydrogen compounds although more abundant were only able to condense in the cooler outer regions.

What kind of material in the solar nebula could condense at temperatures as high as 1500k?

The solar nebula is a cooling gas. We can calculate what materials will condense out as the nebula cools. Here is an example of such a calculation. At the highest temperatures (>1500 K) we get refractory elements – elements which stay solid at high temperatures (tungsten for example).

What materials condense in different parts of the solar system?

The ingredients of the solar system fell into four categories:
  • Metals: iron nickel aluminum. …
  • Rocks: silicon-based minerals that condense at T=500-1 300 K (0.4% of the nebula).
  • Ices: hydrogen compounds like methane (CH4) ammonia (NH3) water (H2O) that condense at T~150 K and make up 1.4% of the mass.

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What is ice in space called?

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Interstellar ice consists of grains of volatiles in the ice phase that form in the interstellar medium. Ice and dust grains form the primary material out of which the Solar System was formed.

What is the asteroid belt called?

the main asteroid belt
This asteroid belt is also called the main asteroid belt or main belt to distinguish it from other asteroid populations in the Solar System such as near-Earth asteroids and trojan asteroids. The asteroid belt is the smallest and innermost known circumstellar disc in the Solar System.

What are the three types of materials in the solar nebula?

The ingredients of the solar nebula fell into 4 categories based on their condensation temperatures: metals rocks hydrogen compounds (water methane ammonia) and light gasses (hydrogen and helium). Distance of a planet from the Sun determined the temperature and thus the materials which condensed first.

What kind of material in the solar nebula could condense at temperatures as high as 1 500 K such as existed in the inner region of the nebula?

In the inner part of the nebula only metals and rocks were able to condense because of the high temperatures whereas hydrogen compounds although more abundant were only able to condense in the cooler outer regions.

Why are the terrestrial planets made of denser materials than the jovian planets?

Why are terrestrial planets denser than jovian planets? The terrestrial planets formed in the inner solar nebula where only dense materials could condense. … There were very few planetary leftovers in this region because most of the solid material was accreted by the terrestrial planets as the planets formed.

Why did the solar nebula flattened into a?

Why did the solar nebula flatten into a disk? The force of gravity from the planets pulled the material downward into a flat disk. It flattened as a natural consequence of collisions between particles in the spinning nebula changing random motions into more orderly ones.

Why are the inner planets made of denser materials compared to the outer planets?

Why are the inner planets made of denser materials than the outer planets? A) The Sun’s gravity pulled denser materials toward the inner part of the solar nebula while lighter gases escaped more easily. … Denser materials were heavier and sank to the center of the nebula.

What are the main constituents of the Jovian planets?

A planet designated as Jovian is hence a gas giant composed primarily of hydrogen and helium gas with varying degrees of heavier elements. In addition to having large systems of moons these planets each have their own ring systems as well.

What could condense in the outer solar system?

Volatile materials (like water methane and ammonia) could only condense in the outer parts of the solar nebula. This explains item (e) of the observables above. Around Jupiter’s distance from the proto-Sun the temperature was cool enough to freeze water (the so-called “snow line” or “frost line” ).

What materials could condense into solid grains beyond the ice line in the solar nebula disk?

Beyond the frost line: Hydrogen compounds rocks and metals condense. First stars are born in clouds of gas and dust.

What caused different planets to form out of different types of material?

Test 2 (1-63)
Question Answer
1. What factor caused different planets to form out of different types of material? The variation in temperature throughout the solar nebula the higher the temperature the lower the percentage of light elements in the forming planet.

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What is water ice?

Water ice better known as Italian ice is an iconic summer treat in the Philadelphia area. … It’s a frozen treat made from water sugar and some sort of flavoring — usually fruit. It is firmer than a slushy softer than sorbet and smoother than granita.

How can there be ice in space?

Ice in the Solar System: Ice! Ice is common in our solar system from deposits at the poles of Mercury and the Moon to ice-covered moons and rings around distant Jupiter and Saturn and comets made of ice and other materials streaming across the spaces between.

What does ice mean in astronomy?

In the strictest definition ice is the solid form of water. However planetary astronomers often use “ice” to refer to the solid form of any condensable molecule.

What is after Pluto?

What is beyond Pluto? There are at least eight more dwarf planets beyond Pluto and Neptune. They include Eris a little bigger than Pluto which has its own small moon. There is Haumea Sedna Orcus Quaoar Varuna and Makemake.

Why is Pluto not a planet?

Answer. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgraded the status of Pluto to that of a dwarf planet because it did not meet the three criteria the IAU uses to define a full-sized planet. Essentially Pluto meets all the criteria except one—it “has not cleared its neighboring region of other objects.”

What is between Neptune and Pluto?

Kid-Friendly Kuiper Belt

Just outside of Neptune’s orbit is a ring of icy bodies. We call it the Kuiper Belt. This is where you’ll find dwarf planet Pluto.

What materials make up the solar nebula?

Before it was moulded into a neat set of planets every scrap of matter in the solar system was part of a gigantic nebula – a floating interstellar cloud. This giant cloud was made up of dust hydrogen and other gases. It began to collapse in on itself after becoming gravitationally unstable.

What are the most abundant materials in the solar nebula?

Hydrogen and helium gas were the most abundant by far comprising about 98% of the solar nebula.

What is the solar nebula quizlet?

solar nebula. a rotating cloud of gas and dust from which the sun and planets formed. nuclear fusion. the process by which nuclei of small atoms combine to form a new more massive nucleus the process releases energy.

What are terrestrial planets and jovian planets?

Their main difference is their composition due to their distance to the Sun. Terrestrial planets are covered with solid surfaces while Jovian planets normally have gaseous surfaces. Mercury Venus Earth and Mars are the terrestrial planets while the Jovian planets are Jupiter Saturn Uranus and Neptune.

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What is Jupiter’s main ingredient?

Jupiter is made up predominantly of hydrogen. The simple basic gas a prime ingredient on the sun accounts for 90 percent of the atmosphere. Nearly 10 percent is composed of helium. A very small fraction of the atmosphere is made up of compounds such as ammonia sulfur methane and water vapor.

Why does the solar nebula theory predict that planetary systems are common?

Why does the solar nebula theory predict that planetary systems are common? The solar nebula theory predicts that planets form as a natural byproduct of star formation. As the cloud collapses to form a star small planetesimals form. These small planetesimals accrete matter to form planets.

Are terrestrial planets denser than Jovian?

The main atmosphere of terrestrial planets is a gaseous mix of carbon dioxide and nitrogen gases and all terrestrial planets have rocky surfaces. The cores of of terrestrial planets are mainly dense iron with silicate and although jovian planets have denser cores terrestrial planets overall are more dense.

Which Jovian planet is least dense?

Saturn

Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system but it’s Saturn—the solar system’s second largest planet—that takes the prize for least dense. It’s less dense than water which has led many people to postulate that it would float.

Which material was available for Jovian planet formation?

The cores of all four jovian planets are made of some combination of rock metal and hydrogen compounds. Jupiter and Saturn have similar interiors with layers extending outward of metallic hydrogen liquid hydrogen gaseous hydrogen and topped with a layer of visible clouds.

What is a so-called hot Jupiter?

What is a so-called “hot Jupiter”? a planet with a mass similar to Jupiter but very close to the central star and therefore hot. What must be true in order for astronomers to be able to use the Doppler technique to determine a planet’s mass? The planet’s orbit must be viewed nearly edge on.

Why do protoplanetary disks flatten?

Conservation of angular momentum causes the rotation to increase as the nebula radius decreases. This rotation causes the cloud to flatten out—much like forming a flat pizza out of dough—and take the form of a disk.

What causes a nebula to condense into a protostar?

Summary: Stars form in cold dense regions of space called molecular clouds. When the force of gravity pulling in on the cloud is greater than the strength of internal pressure pushing out the cloud collapses into a protostar.

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