Which Volcanic Feature Did You Find Most Difficult To Identify? Explain Why.

What are the different volcanic features?

Landform-scale volcanic geomorphologic features include lava flows and related features (diverse types of scarps levees and lava flow surface features) lahars calderas the diverse types of cones and related rims necks domes tubes trenches fissures and scarps.

What is the most important feature of the volcano?

Volcanoes typically have a bowl-shaped basin at the top of the volcano known as a crater. When magma reaches the surface it is known as lava. Eruptions from other vents may lead to the formation of secondary cones on the flank (side) of the volcano.

What are the features formed by volcanic eruptions?

Answer: Volcanic eruptions pull materials up from deep within the earth to form various volcanic landforms such as lava domes lava plateaus fissure eruptions craters and calderas.

What is an extrusive volcanic feature?

What are extrusive volcanic features? … Extrusive features are those that extrude on to the surface and are hence surface landforms. It is the movement of magma from the interior of the earth to the surface of the earth. The main form of an extrusive volcanism is a volcano.

What are the features of a volcanic mountain?

Volcanic mountains are a special class of mountains. A volcano is a vent or opening through which magma ash gases and water vapour are ejected out. Volcanic mountains consist of – Magma chamber Vent Lava Crater and pyroclastic flow. Volcanic soil or the soil around a volcanic mountain is very fertile.

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Where are volcanic features usually located?

Sixty percent of all active volcanoes occur at the boundaries between tectonic plates. Most volcanoes are found along a belt called the “Ring of Fire” that encircles the Pacific Ocean. Some volcanoes like those that form the Hawaiian Islands occur in the interior of plates at areas called “hot spots.”

Why do we need to know about the features of volcanoes?

Most volcanoes provide warnings before an eruption. Magmatic eruptions involve the rise of magma toward the surface which normally generates detectable earthquakes. It can also deform the ground surface and cause anomalous heat flow or changes in the temperature and chemistry of the groundwater and spring waters.

What are the main types and features of volcanoes and earthquakes?

There are three main types of volcano based on their shape and how they are formed. These are composite (strato) shield and dome volcanoes. Composite or strato-volcanoes are steep-sided and consist of layers of ash and lava as both are ejected during eruptions.

What are the structural features of volcanoes name at least 5?

erupting volcano The main parts of a volcano are 1) the crater a depression at the top of the volcano from which volcanic material has been ejected 2) the vent the conduit between crater and the magma and 3) the cone the area around the crater at the top of the volcano made up of material ejected during an …

What is volcano explain the characteristics of different types of volcanic landforms?

The way a volcano erupts and the materials that make up the magma and lava of a particular volcano have a lot to do with the formation of the volcanic landforms such as craters calderas lava domes and lava plateaus.

How volcanic features change over time?

Volcanic features change over time. As soon as extrusive volcanic features develop on the surface forces such as weathering and erosion begin to act upon them. … Such material is fairly easily eroded. Rivers or streams flowing down the slopes of these volcanic cones may cut deep channels into them.

What do you know about the volcanic process?

Volcanic processes are related to the eruption of molten rocks known as magma through central vents or fissures onto the surface. They include all the processes that result from intrusion into bedrock and extrusion onto the Earth’s surface.

What are pseudo volcanic features?

Pseudo volcanic features are certain topographic features that resemble volcanic forms but are of non-volcanic origin. They include meteorite crater salt plugs and mud-volcanoes.

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What is the difference between intrusive and extrusive volcanic features?

Extrusive rocks are formed on the surface of the Earth from lava which is magma that has emerged from underground. Intrusive rocks are formed from magma that cools and solidifies within the crust of the planet.

What are the intrusive and extrusive features of volcanoes?

Volcanic landforms are divided into extrusive and intrusive landforms based on weather magma cools within the crust or above the crust. Intrusive landforms are formed when magma cools within the crust and the rocks are known as Plutonic rocks or intrusive igneous rocks.

Is a volcano a physical feature?

A volcano is a feature in Earth’s crust where molten rock is squeezed out onto the Earth’s surface. Along with molten rock volcanoes also release gases ash and solid rock.

Which of the following features is not related to volcanic activity?

The correct​ answer is Fold.

Where can you find the volcanoes How will you describe the locations of volcanoes on the surface of the earth?

Although most volcanoes are found at convergent or divergent plate boundaries intraplate volcanoes are found in the middle of a tectonic plate. The Hawaiian Islands are the exposed peaks of a great chain of volcanoes that lie on the Pacific plate. These islands are in the middle of the Pacific plate.

Why do volcanic eruptions occur?

Volcanoes erupt when molten rock called magma rises to the surface. Magma is formed when the earth’s mantle melts. Melting may happen where tectonic plates are pulling apart or where one plate is pushed down under another. … If magma is thick gas bubbles cannot easily escape and pressure builds up as the magma rises.

Did you know about volcanoes?

More than 80% of the earth’s surface is volcanic in origin. The sea floor and some mountains were formed by countless volcanic eruptions. Gaseous emissions from volcano formed the earth’s atmosphere. There are more than 500 active volcanoes in the world.

What are the four major types of volcanic eruptions?

These are:
  • Submarine eruptions.
  • Hawaiian Eruptions.
  • Strombolian Eruptions.
  • Plinian Eruptions.

What are the 3 types of volcanic eruptions?

Types of eruptions
  • Hydrothermal eruption. An eruption driven by the heat in a hydrothermal systems. …
  • Phreatic eruption. An eruption driven by the heat from magma interacting with water. …
  • Phreatomagmatic eruption. …
  • Lava. …
  • Strombolian and Hawaiian eruptions. …
  • Vulcanian eruptions. …
  • Subplinian and Plinian eruptions.

What are the main types and features volcanoes?

Composite shield cinder cones and supervolcanoes are the main types of volcanoes. Composite volcanoes are tall steep cones that produce explosive eruptions. Shield volcanoes form very large gently sloped mounds from effusive eruptions.

What is the main cause of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions?

BACKGROUND: Most earthquakes and volcanoes occur because of the movement of the plates especially as plates interact at their edges or boundaries. At diverging plate boundaries earthquakes occur as the plates pull away from each other. … First both volcanoes and earthquakes form where one plate sinks under the other.

What are the 5 characteristics of volcano?

The characteristics that identify the different types of volcanoes include their form size types of eruptions and even the type of lava flows they produce.
  • Fissure Volcanoes. …
  • Shield Volcanoes. …
  • Stratovolcanoes. …
  • Cinder Cone. …
  • Caldera.

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What are the 5 main parts of a volcano?

The main parts of a volcano include the magma chamber conduits vents craters and slopes.

What are volcanic landforms?

Volcanic landforms tend to be cinder cones stratovolcanoes volcanic domes and calderas. Repose periods between eruptions tend to be hundreds to thousands of years thus giving people living near these volcanoes a false sense of security.

What are the 3 main types of volcanic landforms?

The three types are composite volcanoes shield volcanoes or cinder cone volcanoes.

How volcanic eruptions change the landforms into plateau?

A lava plateau is made of a large amount of fluid lava. The lava flows over a large area and cools. This creates a large flat surface of igneous rock. Lava plateaus may be huge.

How volcanoes affect landforms?

Volcanoes also build landforms far from their vents through the spread and petrification of their magma and other pyroclastic materials. Fissure eruptions of basalt often called “flood basalts ” can build vast lava plateaus that cover thousands of square kilometers. … Lava flows often follow existing river drainages.

Which force is responsible for volcanic eruption?

Answer: Volcanoes are formed by eruptions of lava and ash when magma rises through cracks or weak-spots in the Earth’s crust. A build up of pressure in the earth is released by things such as a plate movement which forces molten rock to exploded into the air causing a volcanic eruption.

Why do volcanoes erupt for kids?

The rock inside the planet we live on can melt to form molten rock called magma. This magma is lighter than the rocks around it and so it rises upwards. Where the magma eventually reaches the surface we get an eruption and volcanoes form.

How do volcanoes formed what are its two main processes?

When rock from the mantle melts moves to the surface through the crust and releases pent-up gases volcanoes erupt. Extremely high temperature and pressure cause the rock to melt and become liquid rock or magma. When a large body of magma has formed it rises thorugh the denser rock layers toward Earth’s surface.

Which type of volcanic eruptions has caused Deccan trap formations?

Answer: Caldera type of volcanic eruption has caused deccan trap formation. Explanation: Calderas are the volcanoes that are most explosive.

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