Who Is Jacob Marley

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Who Is Jacob Marley?

Jacob Marley fictional character the deceased business partner of Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol (1843) by Charles Dickens. Marley’s ghost visits Scrooge on Christmas Eve at the beginning of the story.Jacob Marley fictional character the deceased business partner of Ebenezer Scrooge

Ebenezer Scrooge
A Christmas Carol recounts the story of Ebenezer Scrooge an elderly miser who is visited by the ghost of his former business partner Jacob Marley and the spirits of Christmas Past Present and Yet to Come. After their visits Scrooge is transformed into a kinder gentler man.

What does Jacob Marley represent?

Marley’s Chain

Like Scrooge Marley valued money over humanity and as a result is doomed to wander the afterlife dragging his greed along with him.

Was Jacob Marley good or bad?

Jacob Marley is dead to begin with. He was a bad man. His afterlife self is given the opportunity to serve as a guide to Scrooge in an attempt to redeem Scrooge’s life and by doing so to redeem his own soul. … Ebenezer Scrooge repents and promises to do better immediately taking steps to do so.

Was Jacob Marley a real person?

Jacob Marley is a fictional character in Charles Dickens’s 1843 novella A Christmas Carol having been the business partner of the miser Ebenezer Scrooge.

What is Jacob Marley role in A Christmas Carol?

Marley’s Ghost’s role in the novella

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Jacob Marley was Scrooge’s business partner and the narrator goes to some lengths to make us accept he is dead. His Ghost appears to Scrooge on Christmas Eve with a warning for Scrooge about the need to change his focus in life from money to ‘mankind’.

What is Marley’s purpose in the story?

Marley plays a central role in convincing Scrooge that he must change his life or face an eternity of suffering. It is Marley who visits Scrooge as a ghost and acts as his conscience reminding him of all the indifference they as business partners showed in their efforts to grow wealthy.

Why is Jacob Marley important?

Scrooge’s former business partner. Despite not being particularly missed by Scrooge he was nevertheless the miser’s only friend and is the figure that haunts and protects him by appearing in place of Scrooge’s door knocker and introducing the three Christmas ghosts.

What was Jacob Marley’s punishment?

When Scrooge asks why the Ghost is fettered in heavy chains and links Marley replies that he has been cursed to wander the earth for seven years while bearing the weight of his sins.

What killed Jacob Marley?

But how much greater was his horror when the phantom taking off the bandage round its head as if it were too warm to wear in-doors its lower jaw dropped down upon its breast!” It does seem indicated by this passage that Marley died from some sort of head ailment.

Why does Jacob Marley have a bandage on his head?

Marley unties the bandage around his head a wrapper that is meant to keep his jaw closed in death in order to terrify Scrooge into a belief in him. … The stiffening causes the jaw to gape open – hence the bandage.

Is Scrooge Jacob Marley?

Jacob Marley fictional character the deceased business partner of Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol (1843) by Charles Dickens. Marley’s ghost visits Scrooge on Christmas Eve at the beginning of the story.

What is Marley and Scrooges relationship?

Scrooge and Marley were former business partners until Marley’s death some seven years before the beginning of the book. According to the narrator Scrooge was the executor of Marley’s will his sole legatee his only friend and the one person to actually mourn his passing.

Did Scrooge and Marley date?

Relationship with Scrooge

In life Marley was the business partner of Ebenezer Scrooge.

What is Marley’s message to Scrooge?

Marley comes to warn Scrooge of the future that is waiting for him if he does not change his ways. He says that it is the job of men to live among and help their fellow man when they are alive. If they do not do so they are condemned to do so in death.

What is Marley’s fate?

Marley’s Ghost is doomed to travel the world endlessly wearing the chain of his own making and caught in the ”incessant torture of remorse. ” He has come to warn Scrooge that a similar fate awaits him if he does not change his ways.

How did Jacob Marley help Scrooge?

Marley appeared to Scrooge because he wanted to help him make more of his life. Jacob Marley was Scrooge’s business partner. He died seven years before the book opens on Christmas Eve. … The ghost of Marley tells Scrooge that he has to witness the inequities of the world without being able to change them.

What was Jacob Marley’s job?

Jacob Marley was Scrooge’s business partner in the counting house. Jacob Marley died seven years before the book began. Before that he was the closest thing that Scrooge had to a friend. The two of them were partners in Scrooge’s current counting house called Scrooge and Marley.

Why is Marley a Ghost?

Though Ebenezer Scrooge’s old partner Jacob Marley has been dead for seven years he does not rest soundly in his grave. Instead he has been doomed to wander the world in a ghostly state because of his miserly ways and his unconcern for the people around him.

What was the purpose of Marley’s Ghost visit to Scrooge?

In the first stave of A Christmas Carol the ghost of Jacob Marley visits Scrooge. The purpose of his visit is to warn Scrooge of some impending visitors as Marley explains “You will be haunted ” resumed the Ghost “by Three Spirits. ”

Who is Jacob Marley and what’s his role in the play?

Jacob Marley

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In the living world Ebenezer Scrooge’s equally greedy partner. Marley died seven years before the narrative opens. He appears to Scrooge as a ghost condemned to wander the world bound in heavy chains. Marley hopes to save his old partner from suff ering a similar fate.

How does Dickens Marley’s ghost?

​ The suffering Marley is facing is shown by Dickens to be a ​direct consequence​of his attitude towards people during his life. His Ghost is described as having chains ​“made of cash boxes keys padlocks ledgers deeds”​ all items connected with his job.

What news does Belle’s husband tell her?

The husband tells Belle that he saw Scrooge at his counting house even though his business partner was dying. Scrooge demands the spirit take him back home. He grabs the spirit and finds himself back in his own bed.

How did Scrooge feel about Marley’s death?

He adds that Scrooge very much knew that Marley was dead having been his partner and only friend. … The narrator describes Scrooge as “Hard and sharp as flint.” His appearance matches his character with cold-looking pointy features. He keeps his office cold not even heating it at Christmas time.

What is Jacob Marley forced to drag about as a result of his life?

What is Jacob Marley forced to drag about as a result of his actions in life? It is inexpensive. Why does Scrooge like darkness? … What is Scrooge’s response to “Merry Christmas”?

What does Scrooge blame the visions of Marley on?

Scrooge thinks that Marley’s ghost is merely the result of some indigestion. He says “You may be an undigested bit of beef a blot of mustard a crumb of cheese a fragment of an underdone potato.

Who is the first person Marley and the Ghost see?

The Ghost of Christmas Past is the first spirit to visit Scrooge after the ghost of Marley. It arrives as the clock chimes one. It is an ephemeral spirit that appears to be both old and young at the same time with light streaming from the top of its head.

What do Marleys chains symbolize?

Marley’s chains represent spiritual burdens he “forged” in his own life: that is his callousness towards other human beings in favor of money or power. In any story chains tend to represent a loss of freedom.

What emotions has Scrooge felt during Marley’s visit?

What emotions has Scrooge felt during Marley’s visit? What is his mood like after Marley leaves? Scrooge is frightened. He is not sure if he is going crazy or not or have really had food poisoning.

Why did Marley have coins on his eyes?

The scene then shows the deceased Jacob Marley in his coffin with two pence coins covering his eyes at the funeral parlor. He apparently has died the night before on Christmas Eve.

Why did Jacob Marley have coins on his eyes?

It was to keep Marley’s face from contorting in death. The second was the fact that as was the custom a copper penny had been placed on each of Marley’s cold dead eyes. “Yes ” Scrooge said with no hint of sadness in his voice. … They would carry Marley’s body to its final resting place.

Is the Scrooge real?

But in A Christmas Carol the great English novelist did invent the miser Ebenezer Scrooge based — as with almost every character he created — on a real person. Yet Dickens also did this man an injustice: the original Scrooge was rich and frugal but he was remarkably generous and built large parts of Georgian London.

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What did Scrooge do on the day of Marley’s funeral?

And even Scrooge was not so dreadfully cut up by the sad event but that he was an excellent man of business on the very day of the funeral and solemnised it with an undoubted bargain. … Scrooge never painted out Old Marley’s name. There it stood years afterwards above the warehouse door: Scrooge and Marley.

Who is Scrooge’s employee?

Fezziwig fictional character the generous employer of the young Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol (1843) by Charles Dickens. Fezziwig appears early in the story during Scrooge’s encounter with the Ghost of Christmas Past.

Is Jacob Marley in purgatory?

After his death he is held in purgatory and will only be released if he can aid in the redemption of his business partner Ebenezer Scrooge.

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