Who Set Up The Social And Political System Of Sparta?
Sparta was an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families both supposedly descendants of Heracles and equal in authority so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague.
The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans or Spartiates who were full citizens the Helots or serfs/slaves and the Perioeci who were neither slaves nor citizens.
Who held political power in Sparta?
Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class the aristocratic Spartiates.
Who founded Sparta?
Sparta was unique among the Greek city-states because of the rigid program of military indoctrination it instilled in its citizens. Legend dates the founding of the city to Mycenean times when the legendary King Menelaus who helped defeat Troy supposedly ruled the city.
How was government and society organized in Sparta?
Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings) oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi ephors). Oligarchy– Sparta always had two kings the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia).
Who were the Helots who lived in the region controlled by Sparta?
Who prepared the proposed laws and policies in Athens and Sparta?
Five overseers (ephors) elected annually ran the day-to-day operations of Sparta. They could veto rulings made by the council or assembly. Council or Senate (apella) of 28 councilmen (men over 60 and elected for life by the citizens) and the 2 kings. They acted as judges and proposed laws to the citizens’ assembly.
What was Athens government?
Athenian democracy refers to the system of democratic government used in Athens Greece from the 5th to 4th century BCE. Under this system all male citizens – the dēmos – had equal political rights freedom of speech and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.
Though there was a very sharp distinction between Spartans and helots Spartan society itself did not have a complex social hierarchy at least in theory. Instead of wealth being a distinguishing marker social status was determined by military achievements.
Who were the Gerousia in Sparta?
Who ruled Athens?
Athens did not have a king it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials and vote for or against new laws. The people of Athens chose their ruler.
Who were the helots and what did they do?
Who were the two kings who ruled Sparta?
Names & Dates of the Kings of Sparta.
|House of Agaidai||House of Eurypontidai|
|Cleomenes 520–490||Ariston 550–515|
|Leonidas 490–480||Demaratus 515–491|
Was Sparta a democracy?
Ancient Greece in its early period was a loose collection of independent city states called poleis. Many of these poleis were oligarchies. … Yet Sparta in its rejection of private wealth as a primary social differentiator was a peculiar kind of oligarchy and some scholars note its resemblance to democracy.
When did the Spartan empire start?
What kind of government did Sparta have quizlet?
Sparta was called an oligarchy because the real power was in the hands of a few people. The important decisions were made by the council of elders. Council members had to be at least 60 and wealthy. Council members served for life.
What was the purpose of government in Sparta?
They had the power to try and indict the kings in a trial they could pass or advise laws and two ephors traveled with the king on military campaigns to keep his ego in check. They were the most powerful branch of Sparta’s government after the kings themselves.
Who were the helots who lived in the region controlled by Sparta quizlet?
who were the helots who lived in the region controlled by Sparta? they were slaves who worked the land for spartan people.
Who freed the helots?
What was the role of the helots?
Helots were assigned to citizens to carry out domestic work or to work on their klēroi or portions. The klēroi were the original divisions of Messenia after its conquest by Sparta. Various sources mention such servants accompanying this or that Spartan.
Why did Athens and Sparta develop different political systems?
Why did ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems? … The mountainous topography resulted in the isolation of these city-states. Foreign travelers introduced new philosophies. For over three centuries civil wars raged in these city-states.
How did the political systems in Athens and Sparta differ?
Sparta was ruled by two kings who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons who were elected annually. Thus because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy” (rule by a few) but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings) democracy (through the election of council/senators) and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class).
Who is Socrates philosophy?
What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
Who introduced democracy?
Under Cleisthenes what is generally held as the first example of a type of democracy in 508–507 BC was established in Athens. Cleisthenes is referred to as “the father of Athenian democracy”.
A sizable group of artisans and craftsmen producing specialized goods belonged to the lower economic classes. Even lower in the social hierarchy were the peasants and at the bottom of the social scale were the slaves most likely originating as war captives or ruined debtors.
What was the Spartan caste system?
The Spartan Caste System setup are the Helots who are slaves and laborers. The Perioeci who were neither slaves nor full citizens. … There are three groups of people Spartriates Helots and Periokoi. The Spartriates were the warrior class and where they are to become full citzens.
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves metics (non-citizen freepersons) women and citizens but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
Who elected the Gerousia?
Its members the gerontes (“elders”) whose number was fixed at 30 including the two kings were chosen for life by acclamation of the citizens from among candidates who had reached age 60.
Who wrote Ephors?
|Volume and Page:||Vol. 5 (1755) pp. 774–775|
|Author:||Louis chevalier de Jaucourt (biography)|
Who elected the council of elders in Sparta?
Who founded Athens?
√ Social and political system of Sparta – Ancient History – Ancient History
The Constitution of the Spartans
This is Sparta: Fierce warriors of the ancient world – Craig Zimmer