Why Is It Warm And Wet Close To The Equator?

Why Is It Warm And Wet Close To The Equator??

Due to the tilt of the Earth the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles.

Why is it hot and wet near the equator?

The air above the Equator is very hot and rises creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.

Is it hot and wet near the equator?

Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall particularly during their wet season which can occur once or twice each year. Rain forests grow in tropical climates. … Polar climates experience temperatures below freezing for much of the year.

Why is the equator so humid?

Oceans form a big portion of the equatorial area and solar irradiance cause to huge amounts of evapotranspiration over these oceans in other hand because warm weather has more humidity capacity thus humidity level in equatorial air is high.

Does it rain on the equator?

On the equator there are two wet and two dry seasons as the rain belt passes over twice a year one moving north and one moving south. Between the tropics and the equator locations may experience both a short wet and a long wet season. Local geography may substantially modify these climate patterns.

What is the climate close to the equator?

The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical. In the tropical zone the average temperature in the coldest month is 18 °C. This is warmer than the average temperature of the warmest month in the polar zone.

Is equator near the hottest?

A beam of sunlight falling on the equator has a much more intense effect than the glancing rays spread over a much larger area of the curving surface near the poles. Therefore it is hotter at the equator than at the North Pole because the sun’s heat is concentrated directly overhead at the equator.

Why do you think the climate is hot and wet in this region?

Answer: The climate is hot and wet in this region as it receives direct rays of sun. Throughout the year and water evaporates from plants ponds rivers etc.

Why is the equator the hottest?

Why is it hot at the Equator and cold at the poles? Due to the tilt of the Earth the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. … This means more heat from the sun makes it to the surface of the Earth.

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Why are the hottest parts of the world close to the equator?

Because the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surface at a higher angle at the equator. … Because the sun is always directly overhead at the equator.

Why tropics are warmer?

The sun shines more directly on the tropics than on higher latitudes (at least in the average over a year) which makes the tropics warm (Stevens 2011). … Because of these differences clouds and rain are more difficult to forecast in the tropics than at higher latitudes.

Why does the Sahara get no rain?

Hot moist air rises into the atmosphere near the Equator. … As it approaches the tropics the air descends and warms up again. The descending air hinders the formation of clouds so very little rain falls on the land below. The world’s largest hot desert the Sahara is a subtropical desert in northern Africa.

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Why are the tropics wet?

It sometimes rains every day–usually in the morning or early afternoon. The reason it rains so much here is because of the regular warm temperatures which evaporate water and keep the humidity high. Most areas of Tropical Wet receive over 100 inches of rain per year although some receive nearly 300 inches per year.

How warm is the equator?

Average annual temperatures in equatorial lowlands are around 31 °C (88 °F) during the afternoon and 23 °C (73 °F) around sunrise. Rainfall is very high away from cold ocean current upwelling zones from 2 500 to 3 500 mm (100 to 140 in) per year.

What are temperatures like on the equator?

In equatorial lowlands with an equatorial climate average annual temperatures are about 88°F (31 °C) during the afternoon and 73°F (23°C) around sunrise. Precipitation (in form of rainfall) is very high from 100 to 140 inches (2 500 to 3 500 millimeters) each year.

Why Africa is so hot?

Option C: Africa mainly lies within the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Africa is a hot continent as the heat of the sun is always strong there. Thus warm and hot climates prevail all over Africa but the northern part is the most marked part by aridity and high temperatures.

Where is the hottest place on earth?

Death Valley California USA

The aptly named Furnace Creek currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded. The desert valley reached highs of 56.7C in the summer of 1913 which would apparently push the limits of human survival.

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How do you explain the equator to a child?

An equator is an imaginary line around the middle of a planet or other celestial body. It is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole at 0 degrees latitude. An equator divides the planet into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere.

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What is equator region?

The Equator is an imaginary line around the middle of the Earth. It is halfway between the North and South Poles and divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

Where is hot and wet equatorial region?

Equatorial hot wet climate is found between 5* – 10* north & south of the equator mostly viz.

Where is the hot and wet equatorial climate region located?

The equatorial hot wet climate is found between 5° and 10° north and south of the equator. Its greatest extent is found in the lowlands of the Amazon the Congo Malaysia and the East Indies.

Why is it called the equator?

” The general definition of an equator is a circle that divides a sphere into two equal parts. The Earth’s equator is named so because it produces equal parts of the Earth in the following ways: The Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere are equal parts so the equator divides the Earth into two equal parts.

Why does the equator not have seasons?

At the equator there are no seasons because each day the Sun strikes at about the same angle. Every day of the year the equator receives about 12 hours of sunlight. The poles remain cool because they are never tilted in a direct path of sunlight. … The sun never rises!

Why are the hottest and coldest places on Earth over the land not over water?

Why are the hottest and coldest places on Earth found over land and not over water? Water has a very high specific heat capacity. … Land is able to heat up and to a higher temperature than water. Water heats up less quickly and to a lower temperature than land.

Why would Earth be the warmest near the equator if there were no seasons group of answer choices?

Why would the Earth be warmest near the equator if there were no seasons? The equator would get the most direct sunlight.

Why is the climate colder the further you get from the equator?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.

What causes wet and dry seasons in the tropics?

Therefore the ITCZ is responsible for the wet and dry seasons in the tropics. The sun crosses the equator twice a year in March and September and consequently makes for two wet seasons each year. In December and July when the sun is at its greatest extent north (or south) of the equator makes for two dry seasons.

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Why is the equator not a desert?

ii. (Deserts do not occur near the Equator tropics occur there). Higher in the atmosphere the now cold dry air rises and moves away from the equator. … As it warms the air expands condensation and precipitation are infrequent.

Does it snow in Africa?

Snow is an almost annual occurrence on some of the mountains of South Africa including those of the Cedarberg and around Ceres in the South-Western Cape and on the Drakensberg in Natal and Lesotho. … Snowfall is also a regular occurrence at Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.

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Why is half of Africa desert?

The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However around 5 500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical wet and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.

Are deserts dried up oceans?

Deserts are not dried up oceans. This is because deserts are found on continents and oceans lie between continents. Deserts are pieces of land which are characterized by low amounts of precipitation. They have very low levels of primary productivity owing to the limited water.

What is warm and wet climate?

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents generally between latitudes 25° and 40° (sometimes 46°) and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates.

What is the climate in tropical wet?

Places with a tropical wet climate are also known as rainforests. These equatorial regions have the most predictable weather on Earth with warm temperatures and regular rainfall. Annual rainfall exceeds 150 centimeters (59 inches) and the temperature varies more during a day than it does over a year.

Why are climates generally wet near the equator and generally dry around the latitudes?

A. Warm air (gas) holds more moisture than cold. As air above the equator rises it cools and is unable to hold all of the moisture–so it rains at the equator creating the climate and moisture conducive for tropical rainforests (known as the intertropical convergence).

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