Why Might One Find Tundra, Glacier, And Polar Conditions At Low Latitudes?


Why Might One Find Tundra Glacier And Polar Conditions At Low Latitudes??

experience dry conditions in summer due to the subtropical high overhead. Why might one find tundra glacier and polar conditions at low latitudes? … Cold ocean currents off the west coast of continents produce exceptionally cold conditions at low latitudes.

What climates occupy the most extensive area of land on earth?


In terms of total land and ocean area tropical A climates are the most extensive occupying about 36% of Earth’s surface.

What are the two principal climate components?

Two of the most important and unique are water and carbon. They are important for climate and they are important for life: Almost all living things contain and use carbon in different forms for our bodies and as part of the cycle of energy (either photosynthesis in plants or respiration in animals).

Which of the following is not true of marine west coast climates?

Which of the following is not true of Marine West Coast climates? they experience very cold winters because of their high latitude.

Which air masses influence the humid continental hot-summer climate in North America?

Which air masses influence the humid continental hot-summer climates in North America? continental polar (cP) in summer and continental Arctic (cA) in winter. In terms of total land and ocean area which of the following climate classifications is the most extensive at 36% of Earth’s surface?

Where do the low latitude hot desert climates occur?

Hot desert climates (BWh) are typically found under the subtropical ridge in the lower middle latitudes often between 20° and 33° north and south latitude. In these locations stable descending air and high pressure aloft create hot arid conditions with intense sunshine.

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What is the condition of outside air at a certain time and place quizlet?

Climate is: the long-term atmospheric condition including extremes that may occur. shows the monthly precipitation and temperature for a location.

What is the main reason why latitude causes temperatures to be different?

The variations are the result of two phenomena: the orbit of the Earth around the sun and the tilt of the Earth’s axis relative to the orbit. The tilt is the primary reason that different latitudes experience different weather patterns or climates.

Why are precipitation totals low in polar climates and which season has the most precipitation?

Why are precipitation totals low in polar climates and which season has the most precipitation? The amount of water vapor in the air is always small because low-mixing ratios must accompany low temperatures. Thus usually precipitation is most abundant during the warmer summer months.

How does latitude affect climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.

How does the marine west coast climates in Western Europe differ from the marine west coast climate in other parts of the world?

How does the marine west coast climate in Western Europe differ from marine west coast climates in other parts of the world? … It is located poleward of the Mediterranean climate region on the western sides of the continents between 35° and 60° N latitude.

Why do marine west coast climates have much precipitation?

Marine west coast climates are typically found to the west of large mountain ranges that cause fronts to collide and release all of their precipitation. Wet warm air from the coast rises and cools as it goes over the mountain. This causes the water in the air to cool and condense resulting in rain drizzle and fog.

What type of climate is marine west coast?

marine west coast climate also called oceanic climate major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by equable climates with few extremes of temperature and ample precipitation in all months. … Many areas have rainfall more than 150 days per year although the precipitation is often of low intensity.

Why are continental climates found in the northern hemisphere but not in the Southern Hemisphere?

Trees grow in continental climates even though winters are extremely cold because the average annual temperature is fairly mild. Continental climates are not found in the Southern Hemisphere because of the absence of a continent large enough to generate this effect.

Why is the humid continental climate type rare in the Southern Hemisphere?

Humid continental climates are generally found between latitudes 30° N and 60° N within the central and northeastern portions of North America Europe and Asia. They are much less commonly found in the Southern Hemisphere due to the larger ocean area at that latitude and the consequent greater maritime moderation.

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Why are D climates only in the northern hemisphere?

In order for a “continental” climate to develop there must be a large land area within the midlatitudes. This is simply not the case in the Southern Hemisphere. So the “D” climate is unique in that it exists in only the Northern Hemisphere where it is found in extensive areas of North America and Asia.

What is the climate in low latitudes?

A low latitude climate is a tropical climate exemplified by areas in or near the equator.

Why do areas with low latitudes have warmer air than areas at high latitudes?

Because the angle of radiation varies depending on the latitude surface temperatures on average are warmer at lower latitudes and cooler at higher latitudes (even though higher latitudes have more hours of daylight during the summer months).

Where are the low latitudes?

Low latitudes are those locations found between the Equator (0 degrees N/S) and 30 degrees N/S. The middle latitudes are found between 30 degrees N/S and 60 degrees N/S. And the high latitudes are found between 60 degrees N/S and the poles (90 degrees N/S).

What is the condition of outside air at a certain time and place?

weather – the condition of the outside air or atmosphere at a particular time and place.

What describes the condition of the air outdoors?

weather. describes the condition of the air outdoors such as temperature cloud cover wind speed and rainfall.

What is the condition of the atmosphere such as temperature cloud cover wind speed and rainfall?

Humidity air temperature and pressure wind speed and direction cloud cover and type and the amount and form of precipitation are all atmospheric characteristics of the momentary conditions we call weather.

What are two factors that affect temperatures on Earth at different latitudes?

Altitude and latitude are two primary factors known to affect the temperature variations on Earth’s surface because varying altitude and latitude create unequal heating of Earth’s atmosphere.

What are the factors affecting weather and climate?

The five factors that determine the weather of any land area are: the amount of solar energy received because of latitude the area’s elevation or proximity to mountains nearness to large bodies of water and relative temperatures of land and water the number of such storm systems as cyclones hurricanes and …

What are the causes of climate change?

The main causes of climate change are:
  • Humanity’s increased use of fossil fuels – such as coal oil and gas to generate electricity run cars and other forms of transport and power manufacturing and industry.
  • Deforestation – because living trees absorb and store carbon dioxide.

Why are precipitation totals low in polar climate?

Precipitation is low because the air is too cold to hold much moisture. Snow occasionally falls in the summer.

Why are precipitation totals in places like Barrow Alaska and Eismitte Greenland typically so low quizlet?

Why are precipitation totals in places like Barrow Alaska and Eismitte Greenland typically so low? The air is cold and cannot hold much water vapor. When will an ET climate receive the most precipitation?

Why do polar region receive very low rainfall?

At high latitudes and especially in the polar regions the low precipitation is caused partly by subsidence of air in the high-pressure belts and partly by the low temperatures. Snow or rain occur at times but evaporation from the cold sea and land surfaces is slow and the cold air has little capacity for moisture.

How does the latitude affect climate in the polar regions?

The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. The maximum annual temperature of the Earth showing a roughly gradual temperature gradient from the low to the high latitudes. … The polar regions receive the least solar radiation.

How does latitude affect the controls of weather and climate?

Latitude is a fundamental control on every climate. It affects temperature by influencing the seasonal range in solar intensity. It influences precipitation in as much as evaporation is temperature dependent.

How does the latitude affect Indian climate?

The latitudes near the equator receives sun heat quickly than latitudes far from the equator. So the latitudes near the equator experience hot temperature and latitudes far from the equator (poles) experience cool temperature.

Why is the marine west coast climate so narrow in places like North and South American yet rather extensive in Western Europe?

Marine west coast climates are dominated by the onshore flow of oceanic air. Only a narrow region of such climates exists in North America because mountains block the oceanic air and prevent it from flowing over land. In western Europe there are no mountainous regions to block this flow of air.

What is the difference between a marine west coast climate and a Mediterranean climate?

Mediterranean climates have warm summers and short mild rainy winters. … The marine west coast climate a type of mild climate typical of cities such as Seattle Washington in the U.S. and Wellington New Zealand has a longer cooler winter than the Mediterranean climate.

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How would you describe the climate of Western Europe?

Europe is generally characterized by a temperate climate. Most of Western Europe has an Oceanic climate in the Köppen climate classification featuring cool to warm summers and cool winters with frequent overcast skies. … Parts of the central European plains have a hybrid oceanic/continental climate.

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