Explain How Ozone In The Stratosphere Is Formed?
In the stratosphere ozone is created primarily by ultraviolet radiation. When high-energy ultraviolet rays strike ordinary oxygen molecules (O2) they split the molecule into two single oxygen atoms known as atomic oxygen. A freed oxygen atom then combines with another oxygen molecule to form a molecule of ozone.Jul 30 1999
How is ozone formed in the stratosphere quizlet?
Ozone is formed in the stratosphere by the reaction of ultraviolet radiation striking an oxygen molecule. This results in the oxygen molecule splitting apart and forming atomic oxygen (O2 + hv = O + O). Atomic oxygen can now react with molecular oxygen to form ozone (O+O2 = O3).
How is ozone formed in the stratosphere?
Stratospheric ozone is formed naturally through the interaction of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation with molecular oxygen (O2). The “ozone layer ” approximately 6 through 30 miles above the Earth’s surface reduces the amount of harmful UV radiation reaching the Earth’s surface.
What is ozone quizlet?
Essentially ozone (O3) is an unstable and highly reactive form of oxygen. The ozone molecule is made up of three oxygen atoms that are bound together whereas the oxygen we breathe (O2) contains only two oxygen atoms.
What is the difference between ozone in the troposphere and ozone in the stratosphere quizlet?
The difference between the ozone troposphere and ozone in the stratosphere is that in the troposphere is the low part of the atmosphere and the other one is the top part of the atmosphere. … Would you classify acid deposition as a primary or secondary air pollution?
How is ozone formed Class 10?
CBSE NCERT Notes Class 10 Biology Our Environment. Ozone is a molecule formed by three atoms of oxygen. … The UV radiations split apart some molecular oxygen (O2) into free oxygen (O) atoms which then combine with the molecular oxygen (O2) to form ozone (O3).
How is ozone destroyed in the stratosphere?
Why does ozone stay in the stratosphere?
Most ozone resides in the stratosphere (a layer of the atmosphere between 10 and 40 km above us) where it acts as a shield to protect Earth’s surface from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation. With a weakening of this shield we would be more susceptible to skin cancer cataracts and impaired immune systems.
Where is ozone formed and stored?
How does ozone form and why is it important quizlet?
Created when UV lights split oxygen molecules (O₂) into single oxygen atoms. Single oxygen atoms join other oxygen molecules to form triplets of oxygen atoms or ozone molecules (O3).
What is the ozone layer made of quizlet?
The Ozone Layer is located within the Ozonosphere within the Stratosphere. Ozone is made of 3 atom oxygen molecules. When produced in the troposphere ozone damages human tissue and vegetation and corrodes buildings. This is a result of depleted stratospheric ozone.
What is the difference between ozone in the troposphere and ozone in the stratosphere?
The key difference between stratospheric ozone and tropospheric ozone is that stratospheric ozone concentration is very high whereas tropospheric ozone concentration is low. … Ozone gas in the stratosphere is formed from the reaction between atomic oxygen with molecular oxygen.
What’s the difference between ozone in the troposphere and ozone in the stratosphere?
“Bad” ozone is found in the troposphere the layer nearest the ground. Tropospheric ozone is a harmful pollutant which forms when sunlight alters various chemicals emitted by humans. … Ozone in the stratosphere forms when a photon of ultraviolet “light” from the Sun strikes a normal oxygen molecule breaking it apart.
What is the main difference between tropospheric ozone and stratospheric ozone?
Unlike stratospheric ozone which forms naturally in the upper atmosphere and protects us from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays ground-level (or tropospheric) ozone is created through the interactions of man-made (and natural) emissions of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides in the presence of heat and …
How is ozone layer formed Class 10 Brainly?
Answer: Ozone is formed when heat and sunlight cause chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOX ) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) which are also known as Hydrocarbons. This reaction can occur both near the ground and high in the atmosphere.
How is ozone formed in the upper layer of the atmosphere explain?
Ozone is formed in upper atmosphere by the reaction of ultraviolet UV radiations on oxygen O2 molecule. … cause of this damage is the presence of large amount of chlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere.
How and where is ozone formed in the atmosphere Class 10?
Complete answer: Ozone is formed in the stratosphere naturally by solar ultraviolet radiations (UV) and oxygen molecules. It makes up about 21% of our atmosphere. These reactions take place continuously whenever solar radiation is falling on them due to which the largest amount of ozone is formed in this layer itself.
How is ozone formed?
Is the stratosphere A ozone layer?
The ozone layer is the common term for the high concentration of ozone that is found in the stratosphere around 15–30km above the earth’s surface. It covers the entire planet and protects life on earth by absorbing harmful ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation from the sun.
What is the role of ozone layer in the atmosphere How is it formed?
Ozone layer in the stratosphere (a part of atmosphere) shields the surface of the earth from the ultraviolet radiation from Sun. … The higher energy UV radiations split some molecular O2 into free oxygen ‘O’ atoms. These atoms then combine with O2 to form O3 as depicted below.
How much ozone is in the stratosphere?
The concentration of ozone in the stratosphere is up to 10ppm: this corresponds to about 12 ozone molecules per million air molecules. The ozone layer is located at an average altitude of 10 to 50 kilometers (see fig.
What is the function of ozone in the upper stratosphere?
The Ozone layer at the upper atmosphere perform the function of absorbing the harmful ultra violet (UV) rays coming from sun and prevents them from reaching the earth. These UV rays cause harmful effects to humans animals and plants.
What is ozone layer How does ozone layer protect us?
The ozone layer acts as an invisible shield and protects us from harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. In particular the ozone layer protects us from the UV radiation known as UV-B which causes sunburn.
What is ozone How and where is it formed in the atmosphere explain how does it affect ecosystem?
Ozone is a molecule formed by three atoms of oxygen. At the higher levels of the atmosphere it shields the surface of the earth from ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. It may affect any ecosystem in the following ways: (i) At the surface of the earth it is a deadly poison for all lower forms of life.
How is ozone formed at the higher levels of atmosphere?
The ozone layer is continuously formed in the atmosphere because of the action of UV rays on molecular oxygen. The high-energy UV radiations break down O2 molecules present in upper layers of the atmosphere into nascent oxygen. Then this free oxygen atom combines with an oxygen molecule to form ozone.
How is ozone formed in the upper atmosphere state its importance?
Ozone is formed in the atmosphere when energetic ultraviolet (UV) radiation dissociates molecules of oxygen (O2) into separate oxygen atoms. … It absorbs the UV radiation emitted from the Sun and prevents them from reaching the surface of the earth.
Why is ozone important in the atmosphere quizlet?
Stratospheric ozone is important in the earth system because it absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun protecting life on earth. … It recycles water absorbs the sun’s energy and creates a moderate temperature. This helps in protecting the earth from the severely cold temperatures of space.
What is the role of ozone in the atmosphere quizlet?
In the stratosphere ozone plays a beneficial role protecting us from ultraviolet radiation. … This ozone layer is important in terms of deflecting or absorbing UV radiation in the atmosphere reducing the amount reaching the Earth’s surface.
Why is the hole in the ozone near the poles quizlet?
In a cooler stratosphere ozone loss creates a cooling effect that results in further ozone depletion. … With less ozone there is less heat released amplifying the cooling in the lower stratosphere and enhancing the formation of ozone-depleting polar stratospheric clouds especially near the South Pole.
How is ozone naturally created quizlet?
Ozone is produced naturally in the stratosphere when highly energetic solar radiation strikes molecules of oxygen O2 and cause the two oxygen atoms to split apart in a process called photolysis. If a freed atom collides with another O2 it joins up forming ozone O3.
What does the ozone layer absorb quizlet?
The ozone layer absorbs most of the ultraviolet light from the sun. UV light is harmful to organisms because it can damage the genetic material in living cells. By shielding the Earth’s surface from most of the sub’s ultraviolet light the ozone in the stratosphere acts like a sunscreen for the Earth’s inhabitants.
Where is most of the ozone layer located quizlet?
Where is the Ozone Layer located? The Ozone layer is located from 20 – 30 km. It is in the middle of the Stratosphere.
Why is ozone good in the stratosphere but bad in the troposphere?
How do the troposphere and stratosphere differ?
The troposphere is the lowest level of the atmosphere so it is in contact with the Earth’s surface. In contrast the stratosphere is located above the troposphere so it is not in contact with the Earth’s surface. … The air density and air pressure are much lower in the stratosphere.
E.4.1 Describe the formation and depletion of ozone in the stratosphere by natural processes.
The Ozone Layer – Part 1 | Environmental Chemistry | Chemistry | FuseSchool
E.4.1 Describe the formation and depletion of ozone in the stratosphere by natural processes.
Climate 101: Ozone Depletion | National Geographic