How Do The Himalayas Affect The Rivers Of India


How Do The Himalayas Affect The Rivers Of India?

The rivers of the Himalayas drain into two large river systems: The western rivers combine into the Indus Basin. … The other Himalayan rivers drain the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin. Its main rivers are the Ganges the Brahmaputra and the Yamuna as well as other tributaries.

How do the Himalayan mountains affect the climate of India?

During winter Himalayas protect India from cold and dry air masses of Central Asia . During monsoon months these mountain ranges act as an effective physical barrier for rain bearing south-west monsoon winds. … Monsoon Winds and Indian Climate: The most dominating factor of the Indian climate is the ‘monsoon winds’.

Why is the water in the Himalayas so important to India?

The Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region heavily depends on water resources for irrigation food hydropower sanitation and industry as well as for the functioning of many important ecosystem services. Water thus directly contributes to the national GDP and to livelihoods and income generation at the local level.

What is the significance of the Himalayas for the rivers of northern India?

Himalayas act as a huge reservoir of water for the north Indian rivers. Almost all the great and perennial rivers of the India originate from the Himalayan mountain or glaciers Abundant rainfall vast snow field and huge glaciers are the feeding grounds of the mighty rivers of the India.

What rivers flow out of the Himalayas in India?

The major Himalayan rivers are the Indus Jhelum Chenab Beas Ravi Saraswati Sutlej Ganga (or the Ganges) Yamuna and Brahmaputra. All these rivers collectively cover an area of 2 250 km. The average width of these rivers is 200 km.

How do Himalayas affect the climate of northern plains of India?

Due to Himalayas entire India is brought under the sway of moist laden winds for a few months. The Himalayas block the monsoon winds and confine them to the Indian subcontinent. Without monsoons India would have been a desert. In India monsoon usually lasts from July to September.

How are the Himalayas influence the climate of India and agriculture?

Temprature of India is greatly influenced by Himalayan glaciers. Agriculture need rain water and rain water depends on Himalayan glaciers. Alluvial Deposits by these Himalayan rivers make soil fertile for agriculture. … Himalayas and mountains are very suitable for many types of rare agricultural plants and fruits.

Why are Himalayan rivers more useful for irrigation?

The Himalayan rivers are perennial in nature i.e. water flows throughout the year in these rivers. These rivers receive water both from the monsoons and snow-melt. The perennial nature of these rivers makes them useful for irrigation. … Therefore these rivers are seasonal or non-perennial.

Why most of the rivers coming from Himalayas are perennial rivers?

Notes: The Himalayan Rivers are perennial rivers because they originate in snow covered Himalayan Mountains. They start from the glaciers that seem to melt all over the year. During summers the snow melts and the rivers get continuous supply of water.

How do rivers originate in the Himalayas?

The Himalayan Rivers:

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The Himalayan Rivers are the rivers that originate from the Himalayan mountain ranges. These rivers are snow fed they receive water from the melting ice of the glaciers as well as from the rains. … These three rivers flow towards the West and collectively form the Himalayan River System.

How do Himalayas play an important role in the economic and cultural development of India?

Himalayas play an important role in economic and cultural development of India in the following ways: The Himalayas act as a barrier to the South West monsoon winds. … Himalayas are known for their scenic beauty and are visited by tourists all over the world bringing much needed foreign currency into the country.

How are The Himalayas beneficial to us?

Hint:Himalayas are very important to us as they save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia. They also prevent from the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and cause heavy rainfall in Northern India.

What is the impact of The Himalayas on the climate of India Class 9?

The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.

How are rivers of India useful for India?

The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the Indian people. The river systems provide irrigation potable water cheap transportation electricity as well as provide livelihoods for a large number of people all over the country.

What do Himalayan rivers bring down with them?

These are the Yamuna the Ghaghara the Kosi and the Gandak. The river Yamuna rises from the Yamunotri Glacier in the Himalayas. It flows parallel to the Ganga arid as a right bank tributary meets the Ganga at Allahabad. The Ghaghara the Gandak and the Kosi rise in the Nepal Himalayas.

What rivers run through the Himalayas?

That situation exists because the major Himalayan rivers such as the Indus the Brahmaputra the Sutlej and at least two headwaters of the Ganges—the Alaknanda and the Bhagirathi—are probably older than the mountains they traverse.

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How the Himalayas affect climate?

Seasonal monsoons latitude and elevation play major roles in shaping the climate in Asia. The Himalayan Mountains further influence the climate by serving as a barrier. The particularly lofty mountains concentrate warmth and moisture in some regions and block it from other regions.

How the Himalayas along the northern borders of India plays a critical role in determining the climate of India?

The Himalayas play a very significant role in influencing the climate of India. By virtue of their high altitude length and direction they effectively intercept the summer monsoons coming from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea and cause precipitation in the form of rain or snow.

What is the impact of Himalayas on the climate of India Class 10?

– The climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau is influenced by the Himalayas. – They block cold dry winds from blowing south into the subcontinent keeping South Asia significantly warmer than temperate regions on other continents.

How the Himalayan rivers are helpful for the agriculture of India?

Himalayas act as a barrier for the chilly or cold winds coming from north. Therefore provides a suitable environment for the growth of agriculture crops. The rivers flowing through Himalayas are snow fed and hence perennial. These rivers provide water for irrigation and fertile alluvial soil in northern plains.

What is the influence of the Himalayas on Indian agriculture by Goprep?

b. Rains – the Himalayas prevent the rain-bearing monsoon winds from escaping to Asia continent by obstructing its path and forcing them to rain in India. Monsoons are the main source of water/irrigation in India. Its failure results in drought and famine in many parts of India.

How does altitude affect climate of India?

The temperature decreases as we move from the equator to the poles. Altitude: As we move from the surface of the earth to the higher altitudes the temperature decreases. … Thus it influences the temperature accordingly. Distance from the sea: Coastal regions are cooler as compared to interior regions.

What are the uses of Himalayan rivers?

The whole of North India depends on this river system. They provide surface as well as ground water and hence these rivers are the source of irrigation. Agriculture is completely dependent on these rivers. Other than agriculture large industries like leather tanning also depend upon these rivers.

Why are rivers considered to be important for the Indian economy?

Rivers provide cheap and efficient inland transport for trade and commerce. … They help cities and towns to carry their wastes. Their water is extensively used in irrigation and in developing hydroelectricity.

Why Himalayan rivers are perennial in nature?

Most of the Himalayan Rivers are perennial in nature because the rivers get a continuous supply of water as the snow melts especially in the summer. The peninsular rivers mostly depended on the rains only. So they get dried up in the summer.

Why do Himalayan rivers have abundant water?

Himalayan rivers have abundant water because rivers rising in this area are perennial in nature. They are either fed by the glaciers from the mountains or by the heavy rainfall.

Why do the Himalayan rivers get flooded every year what are its advantages?

Himalayan rivers get flooded due to the huge precipitation they get consistently and furthermore as a result of the melting of the snow on the mountains which makes them flood and cause floods. … Advantage of flooding is deposition of silt in plain or northern India.

Why do the Himalayan rivers have enough water even during the summer season?

Himalayan rivers are perennial rivers. … The have enough water as the get water from glaciers and frozen lakes found on the mountains of himalayas. The temperature is very low there so water doesn’t get dry up even in summer. So they feed the rivers with a lot of water throughout the year.

What are the important characteristics of Himalayan rivers?

The following are the characteristics of the Himalayan Rivers:
  • Catchment Area.
  • Deep Gorges.
  • Pattern of Flow of Water.
  • The Nature of Mountainous Courses.
  • Intense Erosion.
  • River Courses in the Plains.

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Why do most rivers originate from mountains?

Mountains are high altitude areas that often receive heavy rainfall. The rainfall forms small streams which eventually become rivers. … These pools then release water in small streams which eventually grow into rivers downstream. Some of the rainwater may seep into the ground to form underground water.

What is the role of Himalayas in India’s development?

Climatic importance: The Himalayas prevent northward movement of summer monsoon winds and force them to rain in India. … This led to the formation of India’s most fertile agricultural grounds known as Northern Plains.

How Himalayas are helpful to our agriculture and economy?

In addition to providing surface and groundwater the Himalayan mountain system provides huge inputs to agriculture through regulating micro-climates as well as wind and monsoon circulation and by supporting river and wetland ecosystems in South Asia.

How do the Himalayas play a vital role in affecting the climate of India explain in brief?

The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.

How does the Himalayas and Indian Ocean affect the climate of India explain?

The Indian Ocean and the Himalayas play a major role in affecting the monsoon and climate of India. The Himalayas protect India from bitterly cold winds that blow from the north. … Therefore the moisture-laden winds coming from the south-west start blowing from the high-pressure area to the low-pressure area.

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