How Does Topography Affect Climate

How Does Topography Affect Climate?

The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.

How does topography affect climate examples?

More specifically speaking topography aids in changing precipitation and temperature. A general rule of thumb in understanding weather is warm air rises and cold air sinks. … A third example results in changes in precipitation rather than temperature. As air transports over mountain ranges lifting and sinking occurs.

How does topography affect climate quizlet?

Differing topography may influence other climate factors to create a wet or dry cool or warm climate. Before an air mass goes over a mountain it will cool down and release its moisture. … When prevailing winds blow over land areas it can contribute to creating desert climates.

What is topography effect?

The topographic effect is the variation in radiance from an inclined surface compared to the radiance from a horizontal surface as a function of the surface orientation relative to the light source and sensor position.

Is climate included in topography?

The simplest way to describe climate is to look at average temperature and precipitation over time. … The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. These include latitude elevation nearby water ocean currents topography vegetation and prevailing winds.

How does topography affect climate at continental and local scales?

Land: Climate and Temperature. The topography of an area also helps determine the climate. This is because of ocean currents that carry masses of warm or cool air to coastal locations. … Areas near oceans and large lakes have smaller temperature ranges than landlocked or continental areas.

How does topography affect climate windward side?

Topography Affects Rain and Snowfall

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Topographic barriers such as mountains and hills force prevailing winds up and over their slopes. As air rises it also cools. … As air cools this water vapor is forced to condense depositing rain or snow on windward slopes.

Which topographical feature affects the climate of an area quizlet?

Topographic features such as mountains play an important role in the amount of precipitation that falls over an area. Large bodies of water such as lakes and oceans have an important effect on the temperature of an area. Global winds are another factor that influences climate because they distribute heat and moisture.

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What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What are four factors that affect climate quizlet?

Terms in this set (123)
  • zones of latitude.
  • topography.
  • wind currents.
  • ocean currents.
  • elevation.

What is the importance of topography?

Importance of Topography

As different landforms alter the climate of different places. Therefore it helps the weather forecasters to determine the weather conditions. Apart from this the military uses this to gather information on the land area. Thus they can plan their strategies with the help of it.

How does topography affect economic activities?

Topographical relief is a key factor that limits population distribution and economic development in mountainous areas. … There is a positive correlation between relief degree and elevation and a much stronger correlation between relief degree and slope.

How does topography affect erosion?

Topography or lay of the land is an important variable in water erosion. … Steep slopes have high runoff water velocity. This increases its erosive energy (remember that erosive energy of runoff is a function of runoff velocity and volume).

How does topography and climate of a place affects population of a place?

Rugged and undulating topography restricts the condensation of human population in any area. Abrupt changes in the density of population can be seen on the world map of population distribution where plains meet mountain ranges. Rising Himalayas thus mark the northern limit of dense population in the Ganga plain.

How do hills affect climate?

Hills and mountain ranges also plays an influence on our weather. … Rain shadow zones are also brought about by colossal mountains. When a mountain obstructs air current air flow goes up where it condenses precipitate and rains down. As a result mountain slopes and base are generally the areas with heavy rainfall.

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What does the climate of a place affect?

Climate is defined as an area’s long-term weather patterns. … The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. These include latitude elevation nearby water ocean currents topography vegetation and prevailing winds.

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How does topography affect an ecosystem?

Topography affects abiotic conditions which can influence the structure function and dynamics of ecological communities. … In all plots canopy height increased with topographic wetness but the effect was much stronger in dry compared to wet forest plots.

How does topography affect wind?

The direction and speed of the wind can be greatly affected by topography. Ridges and mountains are barriers to the horizontal movement of air. The wind is deflected over them adding to the local up-slope convective winds from the surface heating by the sun. … Winds will also be gusty and spotting is more likely.

Does topography affect biodiversity?

Topography does not affect biodiversity.

How does Mountain affect weather and climate?

Mountains can have a significant effect on rainfall. When air reaches the mountains it is forced to rise over this barrier. As the air moves up the windward side of a mountain it cools and the volume decreases. As a result humidity increases and orographic clouds and precipitation can develop.

How does topography affect land use pattern?

The research indicated that topography factors such as elevation slope and aspect influencing land use pattern respectively and differently. … However in higher altitude and slope zone land use diversity index declined while the patch aggregation degree increased as time passing.

How does topography affect soil formation?

Topography has a strong influence on soil development. Soils on the side of hills tend to be shallow due to erosional losses. Soils on the tops of hills tend to be deep but lighter in color due to downward leaching losses. Soils in the valleys tend to be deeper darker and contain more horizons.

What are some factors that affect climate quizlet?

what are the five factors that affect climate? latitude temperature precipitation topography and elevation.

What is the main factor that influences the climate of a region quizlet?

The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. The 7 main factors are latitude elevation nearby water ocean currents topography vegetation and prevailing winds.

What are prevailing winds and how do they affect climate quizlet?

Prevailing winds affect the amount of precipitation in an area depending when the winds blows inland from oceans or large lakes because they carry more water vapor than the winds that blow over land.

Does elevation affect climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

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What are the 2 main factors that affect climate?

Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time.

What is climate in geography?

Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather can change from hour-to-hour day-to-day month-to-month or even year-to-year. A region’s weather patterns usually tracked for at least 30 years are considered its climate. Photograph by Walter Meayers Edwards National Geographic. Image.

What factor influences climate the most?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

What 4 major factors influence the climate of a region?

Although many factors combine to influence weather the four main ones are solar radiation the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt orbital distance from the sun and latitude temperature air pressure and the abundance of water.

What effects do wind patterns have on climate?

What effects do wind patterns have on climate? They move warm water toward the east. They change the amount of precipitation in an area and affect a region’s climate. They carry warm or cooled water very long distances.

How does topography affect agricultural production?

Topography: ADVERTISEMENTS: Topography affects agriculture as it relates to soil erosion difficulty of tillage and poor transportation facilities. … In areas where the pressure on soil is great even the slopes of mountains are terraced into small farms to provide agricultural land.

What does topography mean in geography?

English Language Learners Definition of topography

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: the art or science of making maps that show the height shape etc. of the land in a particular area. : the features (such as mountains and rivers) in an area of land.

What is topography short answer?

Topography is a detailed map of the surface features of land. It includes the mountains hills creeks and other bumps and lumps on a particular hunk of earth. … Topography represents a particular area in detail including everything natural and man-made — hills valleys roads or lakes.


Climate Factors: Topography (Elevation & Rain Shadow)

Factors affecting local climates

How does topography affect the weather?