Plate Tectonics Theory Was Widely Accepted By Scientists In What Decade?


Plate Tectonics Theory Was Widely Accepted By Scientists In What Decade??

His book The Origin of Continents and Oceans published in 1915 is widely accepted as the beginning of modern plate tectonics even if the theory was only widely accepted in a refined version in the 1960s. The main idea that Wegener and others had was that modern continents formed a single landmass in the past.

When was plate tectonic theory accepted?

By 1966 most scientists in geology accepted the theory of plate tectonics. The root of this was Alfred Wegener’s 1912 publication of his theory of continental drift which was a controversy in the field through the 1950s.

During which time period did the theory of plate tectonics become widely accepted quizlet?

The theory of plate tectonics which was derived from Wegener’s proposal of continental drift in the 1920s was not generally accepted until the 1960s.

Which of the following is used as evidence by Wegener to develop the theory of continental drift?

Alfred Wegener in the first three decades of this century and DuToit in the 1920s and 1930s gathered evidence that the continents had moved. They based their idea of continental drift on several lines of evidence: fit of the continents paleoclimate indicators truncated geologic features and fossils.

Which of the following issues initially prevented widespread acceptance of Alfred Wegener’s continental drift?

The main reason that Wegener’s hypothesis was not accepted was because he suggested no mechanism for moving the continents. He thought the force of Earth’s spin was sufficient to cause continents to move but geologists knew that rocks are too strong for this to be true.

Who proved plate tectonic theory?

In 1912 the meteorologist Alfred Wegener described what he called continental drift an idea that culminated fifty years later in the modern theory of plate tectonics. Wegener expanded his theory in his 1915 book The Origin of Continents and Oceans.

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How was the theory of plate tectonics proven?

Modern continents hold clues to their distant past. Evidence from fossils glaciers and complementary coastlines helps reveal how the plates once fit together. This distribution of fossils led to theories that the southern continents were once joined in a supercontinent called Gondwana. …

Why is plate tectonics such a widely accepted theory quizlet?

Terms in this set (24) Plate tectonics theory was widely accepted by scientists in what decade? because Wegener couldn’t explain how continents moved. started to break apart during the Mesozoic.

What is the meaning of Pangea?

all the Earth

Pangea’s existence was first proposed in 1912 by German meteorologist Alfred Wegener as a part of his theory of continental drift. Its name is derived from the Greek pangaia meaning “all the Earth.”

How are the positions of the islands explained by plate tectonic theory quizlet?

How are the positions of the islands explained by plate tectonic theory? A hot spot is currently situated under Hawaii and the Pacific Plate is moving across it in a northwesterly direction. … an oceanic plate is subducting under the western edge of the South American Plate.

Why did plate tectonics take decades to be accepted?

Plate tectonics theory then became widely accepted among scientists because it relied on hard evidence and could explain most of the modern geological structures such as ocean basins mountain ranges and rifts.

How is plate tectonics supported by the apparent fit of the continental coastlines?

This apparent fit is due to the fact the continents were once connected and have since moved apart in what has been called continental drift . However we now know that it is not just the continents that move so a more correct term is plate tectonics .

How does plate tectonics help explain continental drift and seafloor spreading?

Seafloor spreading helps explain continental drift in the theory of plate tectonics. … Plates that are not subducting are driven by gravity sliding off the elevated mid-ocean ridges a process called ridge push. At a spreading center basaltic magma rises up the fractures and cools on the ocean floor to form new seabed.

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What did scientists eventually learn that led them to accept Wegener’s theory?

By the 1960s scientists had amassed enough evidence to support the missing mechanism—namely seafloor spreading—for Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift to be accepted as the theory of plate tectonics.

Why did scientists not accept the continental drift hypothesis quizlet?

Why did scientists not accept the Continental Drift hypothesis? It was based on observations from the southern hemisphere which was unfamiliar to most geologists. … Wegener suggested the thick continents moved through the thinner ocean crust.

What is Alfred Wegener theory?

In the early 20th century Wegener published a paper explaining his theory that the continental landmasses were “drifting” across the Earth sometimes plowing through oceans and into each other. He called this movement continental drift.

When and how did scientists figure out the theory of plate tectonics quizlet?

In the mid-1900’s scientists discovered that the rock near oceanic mountain ridges was much younger than the rock further away. This shows that the seafloor actually was spreading away from the ridges. These two discoveries led to the realization that the Earth’s crust is made of tectonic plates.

When was continental drift discovered?


Wegener first presented his idea of continental drift in 1912 but it was widely ridiculed and soon mostly forgotten. Wegener never lived to see his theory accepted—he died at the age of 50 while on an expedition in Greenland. Only decades later in the 1960s did the idea of continental drift resurface.

How did Alfred Wegener prove his theory?

Wegener supported his theory by demonstrating the biological and geological similarities between continents. South America and Africa contain fossils of animals found only on those two continents with corresponding geographic ranges.

How did scientists in the 1960’s use this information to come up with the theory of plate tectonics?

Following World War II even more evidence was uncovered which supports the theory of plate tectonics. In the 1960’s a world-wide array of seismometers were installed to monitor nuclear testing and these instruments revealed a startling geological phenomenon.

Which of the following make the scientists believe that plates move?

Plates at our planet’s surface move because of the intense heat in the Earth’s core that causes molten rock in the mantle layer to move. It moves in a pattern called a convection cell that forms when warm material rises cools and eventually sink down. As the cooled material sinks down it is warmed and rises again.

How the plate tectonic theory changed the scientists thinking about the earth surface?

The theory of plate tectonics revolutionized the earth sciences by explaining how the movement of geologic plates causes mountain building volcanoes and earthquakes.

What was Harry Hess doing 30 years later and what did he discover?

Hess discovered features on the floor of the ocean that appeared to be mountains with the tops flattened. … Hess explained that new crust was created at the Great Global Rift and was pushed under the continental crust about 300 million years later where it would melt and turn into magma.

How is the age of the ocean sediments seafloor related to the distance from a mid ocean ridge quizlet?

Seafloor sediment increases in thickness away from the mid-ocean ridge because the oceanic crust is older farther away from the ridge. More sediment will accumulate on the seafloor over time therefore the older the crust the thicker the sediment deposits.

Plate Tectonics Theory Lesson

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