What Is A Space Within The Body That Contains Vital Organs Called?


What Is A Space Within The Body That Contains Vital Organs Called??

Body cavities are spaces within the body that contain vital organs.

What is a space between the body that contains vital organs called?

What is a space within the body that contains vital organs called? Body cavity.

Which of these directional terms refers to the body parts towards the point of attachment?

Proximal describes a position in a limb that is nearer to the point of attachment or the trunk of the body. The brachium is proximal to the antebrachium. Distal describes a position in a limb that is farther from the point of attachment or the trunk of the body.

Which of these planes is horizontal and divides the body into a top half and a bottom half?

Transverse Plane
Axial Plane (Transverse Plane) – A horizontal plane divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts.

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Which of these body cavities is located on the front side of the body?

The ventral body cavity is a human body cavity that is in the anterior (front) aspect of the human body. It is made up of the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity.

What does the prefix peri refer to quizlet?

What does the prefix peri- refer to? Surrounding.

Which of these word parts contains the basic meaning of a term?

The word root is the word part that is said to be the core of the word and contains the fundamental meaning of the word. … The prefix is a word part attached to the beginning of a word root to modify its meaning.

What are the directional terms?

Directional Terms
  • Anterior: In front of toward the face.
  • Posterior: Behind toward the back.
  • Superior: Above toward the head.
  • Inferior: Below toward the feet.
  • Medial: Toward the middle.
  • Lateral: Toward the edge.
  • Dorsal: Toward the top of the brain or the back of the spinal cord.

What is the purpose of directional and sectional terms?

Directional and sectional terms are used because they provide a standardized frame of reference for describing the human body.

Which directional term means toward the front of the body?


Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body. The toes are anterior to the foot. Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body.

Which body plane divides the body into top and bottom halves quizlet?

Horizontal plane that divides the body into a top half and bottom half.

Which plane of the body divides it into dorsal and ventral regions?

The coronal plane

The coronal plane or frontal plane (vertical) divides the body into dorsal and ventral (back and front or posterior and anterior) portions. The transverse plane or axial plane (horizontal) divides the body into cranial and caudal (head and tail) portions.

Which body plane divides the body into top and bottom half?

The transverse plane

The frontal plane divides the front and back halves of the entire body. The median plane divides the left and right sides of the entire body. The transverse plane divides the body at the waist (top and bottom halves of the body).

Which of the following cavities contain a component of the central nervous system?

The cranial cavity is the area within the skull that contains the brain. The vertebral cavity encloses the vertebral column and the spinal cord.

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What body cavity contains the eye structures?

The orbit is the bony cavity that contains the eyeball muscles nerves and blood vessels as well as the structures that produce and drain tears.

Which of these cavities contains the brain?

cranial cavity

The cranial cavity fills most of the upper part of the skull and contains the brain. The spinal cavity is a very long narrow cavity inside the vertebral column.

What does prefix osteo mean?


Osteo- (prefix): Combining form meaning bone. From the Greek “osteon” bone. Appears for instance in osteoarthritis osteochondroma osteodystrophy osteogenesis osteomyelitis osteopathy osteopetrosis osteoporosis osteosarcoma etc.

What is the prefix epi mean?

a prefix occurring in loanwords from Greek where it meant “upon ” “on ” “over ” “near ” “at ” “before ” “after” (epicedium epidermis epigene epitome) on this model used in the formation of new compound words (epicardium epinephrine). Also ep- eph-.

What is the prefix peri mean?

prefix. Definition of peri- (Entry 2 of 2) 1 : all around : about periscope. 2 : near perihelion. 3 : enclosing : surrounding perineurium.

Which word part means within?


Positions and Directions
Part Definition
infra- beneath below
inter- between
intra- within
meso- middle

What is the basic foundation of a medical term?

A word root is the foundation of a medical term and contains its primary meaning. – Most word roots are derived from Latin or Greek. … – A combining form is the basic foundation to which other elements are added to build a complete medical word.

How do you identify different components of a medical word?

To understand a medical term break it down into its component parts – root(s) prefix suffix and combining vowels. Remember that the basic definition of a word part remains the same when combined with various components.

What is distal part mean?

Distal refers to sites located away from a specific area most often the center of the body. In medicine it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example the hand is distal to the shoulder. The thumb is distal to the wrist. Distal is the opposite of proximal.

Which directional term describes a body part closer to the midline of the body?

Medial. Nearer to midline (side view) Superior. Toward the head/upper part of a structure (bird’s-eye view looking down) Inferior.

What is proximal anatomy?

Proximal means nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body. If another reference point is given such as the heart the proximal point of another organ or extremity is the point closest to the heart central rather than peripheral. Proximal is the opposite of distal.

Why is it important to know the directional terms of the body?

Understanding terminology ensures doctors and technicians have a shared method of communicating which helps to avoid confusion when pinpointing structures and describing locations of lesions. Knowing your directional terms makes things clear and saves time!

How can we describe the location of a certain body part?

Anatomical position or standard anatomical position refers to the positioning of the body when it is standing upright and facing forward with each arm hanging on either side of the body and the palms facing forward. The legs are parallel with feet flat on the floor and facing forward.

How are directional terms used in anatomy?

Which directional term refers to the location furthest from the midline of the body?

Lateral. Furthest from the midline of the body relatively further from the median plane or midline of the body or structure. Medial.

What is ventral and dorsal?

In general ventral refers to the front of the body and dorsal refers to the back. These terms are also known as anterior and posterior respectively.

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What is an example of proximal?

Proximal: Toward the beginning the nearer of two (or more) items. For example the proximal end of the femur is part of the hip joint and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The opposite of proximal is distal.

Which plane divides the body into top and bottom sections frontal sagittal transverse oblique?

A sagittal plane runs vertically from top to bottom (and front to back) and it divides the body into a left and right portion. This is easy to remember because on your skull you have what’s called a sagittal suture which divides it into left and right sides.

Which of these planes divides the body into front and back sections quizlet?

A vertical plane that divides the body into front (anterior or ventral) and back (posterior or dorsal) sections. Also called the coronal plane. Sectional view of the body produced by a cut along the frontal plane also called a coronal section.

Which plane is known as the midline and divides the body into right and left halves?

Sagittal Plane The sagittal plane divides the body vertically into equal right and left halves. This plane is also referred to as the midsagittal plane because it is on the midline of the body. Movements within the sagittal plane are flexion and extension – forward and backward movements of the head spine and limbs.

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