What Parts Of The Earth Have The Greatest Biodiversity?
What part of the earth has the most biodiversity Why?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Where are the 3 most biodiverse places on Earth?
- The Daintree Queensland Australia. …
- Cloud forests of Ecuador. …
- The Amazon Amazon-North Brazil. …
- Alaska’s backcountry United States. …
- Sapo National Park Monrovia Liberia. …
- Monteverde Park Costa Rica. …
- Mt. …
- Sinharaja Forest Sabaragamuwa Sri Lanka.
Where is Earth’s greatest biodiversity quizlet?
Why is Earth’s biodiversity greatest near the equator? More species can live in warm climates than in cold climates.
In which forest the highest biodiversity is found?
Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore this is the correct option. These kinds of environments help in promoting niche specialization and also leads to greater species diversity.
Which of the following has highest biodiversity?
Brazil is the only country with highest biodiversity. Biodiversity accounts one-tenth of the world’s overall species.
What is the most biodiverse ecosystem on earth?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.
What place most likely have low biodiversity?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round. However life does exist in the arctic regions mostly affiliated with the seas that surround them.
Why is Earth’s biodiversity greatest near the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms plants and animals.
Is biodiversity is the greatest near the equator?
Species diversity is higher at the equator than at the poles. In biological terms this is referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) in which the number of species increases from the poles to the Equator. This ranks among the broadest and most notable biodiversity patterns on Earth.
Which state probably has the greatest biodiversity?
- California. The richness of California’s flora makes it a biodiversity hotspot even in global comparisons. …
- Texas. Like in California the species richness in Texas comes from the state’s sheer size and the variety of ecosystems present. …
- Arizona. …
- New Mexico. …
How biodiversity is distributed on Earth?
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic species and ecosystem diversity.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.
Which environment is most likely to have the greatest levels of biodiversity?
The greatest biodiversity is found in the tropical regions of the world particularly among tropical rainforests and coral reefs. Biodiversity is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes and reduced by habitat destruction population decline and extinction.
Which place is rich in biodiversity?
Nepal is rich in term of biodiversity. There are high mountains high hills and plain land of Terai regions where different species of plants and animals are found. And it is rich in physical diversity also.
Which has more biodiversity a rainforest or a desert?
Both biomes have warm climates but the desert is very dry and the rainforest is very wet. The desert has very few organisms so it has low biodiversity. … In contrast the rainforest has the highest biodiversity of any biome on Earth.
What are the areas of biodiversity?
Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?
Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy heat and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.
What is the greatest threat to biodiversity?
The greatest of all threats to Earth’s biodiversity however is deforestation. While deforestation threatens ecosystems across the globe it’s particularly destructive to tropical rainforests.
Why is there greater biodiversity in the tropics?
– Tropical latitudes produce more solar power than temperate zones resulting in high productivity and high diversity of biodiversity. – There are fewer seasonal changes in tropical regions and they have a more or less stable climate. This encourages the specialization of the niche and hence the high wealth of animals.
What is greatest near the equator?
The correct answer is option [A] because the sun sunlight direct go to equator first so it make heat.
Why is biodiversity so much greater in the tropics than in higher latitudes?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Which city has the highest biodiversity?
The world’s most biodiverse urban area in raw numbers and with an understanding for its value could be Cape Town according to Thomas Elmqvist editor of Urbanization Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities and leader of the United Nation’s City and Biodiversity Outlook Project.
Which state has the most diversity of trees?
The most significant number of species of trees grows in the states of Mississippi Alabama Georgia and Florida. Liberty County in Florida has the highest tree species richness (138 species) in the United States.
Where in the US is biological diversity declining the most?
This massive conversion of forests wetlands grasslands and other terrestrial ecosystems has produced a 60 percent decline (on average) in the number of vertebrates worldwide since 1970 with the greatest losses in vertebrate populations occurring in freshwater habitats (83 percent) and in South and Central America ( …
What causes high biodiversity?
Ecosystems that host the most biodiversity tend to have ideal environmental conditions for plant growth like the warm and wet climate of tropical regions. Ecosystems can also contain species too small to see with the naked eye.
Which of the following has the greatest number of ecosystem?
Detailed Solution. The correct answer is Decomposers.
Which biome is the most important?
Tropical Rainforest Biome. Tropical rainforests are one of Earth’s most important and most fragile ecological environments. In recent decades almost half of the rainforest biome has disappeared due to deforestation and commercial development.
Which type of biodiversity describes the diversity of the many different habitats for life on Earth?
Ecosystem Diversity: variety of habitats communities and ecological processes within and between ecosystems.
Why is biodiversity so important? – Kim Preshoff
What on Earth is Biodiversity?